Ephesians 5:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,

King James Bible
And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Darby Bible Translation
And be not drunk with wine, in which is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit,

World English Bible
Don't be drunken with wine, in which is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit,

Young's Literal Translation
and be not drunk with wine, in which is dissoluteness, but be filled in the Spirit,

Ephesians 5:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess - This is a farther allusion to the Bacchanalian mysteries; in them his votaries got drunk, and ran into all manner of excesses. Plato, though he forbade drunkenness in general, yet allowed that the people should get drunk in the solemnities of that god who invented wine. And indeed this was their common custom; when they had offered their sacrifices they indulged themselves in drunkenness, and ran into all kinds of extravagance. Hence it is probable that μεθυω, to get drunk, is derived from μετα, after, and θυω, to sacrifice; for, having completed their sacrifices, they indulged themselves in wine. The word ασωτια, which we translate excess, means profligacy and debauchery of every kind; such as are the general concomitants of drunkenness, and especially among the votaries of Bacchus in Greece and Italy.

But be filled with the Spirit - The heathen priests pretended to be filled with the influence of the god they worshipped; and it was in these circumstances that they gave out their oracles. See a remarkable instance of this quoted in the note on Luke 9:39 (note), where the case of a Bacchanalian is described. The apostle exhorts the Ephesians not to resemble these, but, instead of being filled with wine, to be filled with the Spirit of God; in consequence of which, instead of those discoveries of the Divine will to which in their drunken worship the votaries of Bacchus pretended, they should be wise indeed, and should understand what the will of the Lord is.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

be not.

Genesis 9:21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

Genesis 19:32-35 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father...

Deuteronomy 21:20 And they shall say to the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton...

Psalm 69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.

Proverbs 20:1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Proverbs 23:20,21,29-35 Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh...

Isaiah 5:11-13,22 Woe to them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!...

Matthew 24:49 And shall begin to smite his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;

Luke 12:45 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delays his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens...

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

1 Corinthians 5:11 But now I have written to you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater...

1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 11:21 For in eating every one takes before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.

Galatians 5:21 Contentions, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past...

1 Thessalonians 5:7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.

excess.

Matthew 23:25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter...

1 Peter 4:3,4 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...

but.

Psalm 63:3-5 Because your loving kindness is better than life, my lips shall praise you...

Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after you: the king has brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in you...

Songs 7:9 And the roof of your mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goes down sweetly...

Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make to all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees...

Isaiah 55:1 Ho, every one that thirsts, come you to the waters, and he that has no money; come you, buy, and eat...

Zechariah 9:15-17 The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink...

Luke 11:13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children...

Acts 2:13-18 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine...

Acts 11:24 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people was added to the Lord.

Galatians 5:22-25 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith...

Library
January 1. "Redeeming the Time" (Eph. v. 16).
"Redeeming the time" (Eph. v. 16). Two little words are found in the Greek version here. They are translated "ton kairon" in the revised version, "Buying up for yourselves the opportunity." The two words ton kairon mean, literally, the opportunity. They do not refer to time in general, but to a special point of time, a juncture, a crisis, a moment full of possibilities and quickly passing by, which we must seize and make the best of before it has passed away. It is intimated that there are not
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Third Sunday in Lent
Text: Ephesians 5, 1-9. 1 Be ye therefore imitators of God, as beloved children; 2 and walk in love, even as Christ also loved you, and gave himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for an odor of a sweet smell. 3 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not even be named among you, as becometh saints; 4 nor filthiness, nor foolish talking, or jesting, which are not befitting: but rather giving of thanks. 5 For this ye know of a surety, that no fornicator, nor unclean
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. II

Paul's Reasons for Temperance
'And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. 12. For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret. 13. But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light. 14. Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light. 15. See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise, 16. Redeeming the time, because the days
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

Redeeming the Time
'See, then, that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise, redeeming the time, because the days are evil.'--Eph. v. 15, 16. Some of us have, in all probability, very little more 'time' to 'redeem.' Some of us have, in all probability, the prospect of many years yet to live. For both classes my text presents the best motto for another year. The most frivolous among us, I suppose, have some thoughts when we step across the conventional boundary that seems to separate the unbroken sequence
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

Cross References
Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the tent of meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,

Proverbs 23:30
Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine.

Proverbs 23:31
Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!

Proverbs 23:32
In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper.

Luke 1:15
for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born.

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