Ephesians 5:18
New International Version
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,

New Living Translation
Don’t be drunk with wine, because that will ruin your life. Instead, be filled with the Holy Spirit,

English Standard Version
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

Berean Study Bible
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to reckless indiscretion. Instead, be filled with the Spirit.

Berean Literal Bible
and not to be drunk with wine in which is debauchery. Instead be filled with the Spirit,

New American Standard Bible
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit,

King James Bible
And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Christian Standard Bible
And don't get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless living, but be filled by the Spirit:

Contemporary English Version
Don't destroy yourself by getting drunk, but let the Spirit fill your life.

Good News Translation
Do not get drunk with wine, which will only ruin you; instead, be filled with the Spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And don't get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless actions, but be filled by the Spirit:

International Standard Version
Stop getting drunk with wine, which leads to wild living, but keep on being filled with the Spirit.

NET Bible
And do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit,

New Heart English Bible
Do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither be drunk with wine in which is debauchery, but be filled with The Spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't get drunk on wine, which leads to wild living. Instead, be filled with the Spirit?your[ spirit.">]

New American Standard 1977
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And be not drunk with wine, in which there is excess, but be filled with the Spirit,

King James 2000 Bible
And be not drunk with wine, in which is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

American King James Version
And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

American Standard Version
And be not drunken with wine, wherein is riot, but be filled with the Spirit;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And be not drunk with wine, wherein is luxury; but be ye filled with the holy Spirit,

Darby Bible Translation
And be not drunk with wine, in which is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit,

English Revised Version
And be not drunken with wine, wherein is riot, but be filled with the Spirit;

Webster's Bible Translation
And be not drunk with wine, in which is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Weymouth New Testament
Do not over-indulge in wine--a thing in which excess is so easy--

World English Bible
Don't be drunken with wine, in which is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit,

Young's Literal Translation
and be not drunk with wine, in which is dissoluteness, but be filled in the Spirit,
Study Bible
Children of Light
17Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord’s will is. 18Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to reckless indiscretion. Instead, be filled with the Spirit. 19Speak to one another with psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your hearts to the Lord,…
Cross References
Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or strong drink when you enter the Tent of Meeting, or else you will die; this is a perpetual statute for the generations to come.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a brawler, and whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat.

Proverbs 23:30
Those who linger over wine, those who go to taste mixed drinks.

Proverbs 23:31
Do not gaze at wine while it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly.

Proverbs 23:32
In the end it bites like a snake and stings like a viper.

Luke 1:15
for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He shall never take wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from his mother's womb.

John 2:10
and said, "Everyone serves the fine wine first, and then the cheap wine after the guests are drunk. But you have saved the fine wine until now!"

Romans 13:13
Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy.

1 Corinthians 5:11
But now I am writing you not to associate with anyone who claims to be a brother but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or a verbal abuser, a drunkard or a swindler. With such a man do not even eat.

1 Thessalonians 5:7
For those who sleep, sleep at night; and those who get drunk, get drunk at night.

Titus 1:6
An elder must be blameless, the husband of but one wife, having children who are believers and are not open to accusation of indiscretion or insubordination.

1 Peter 4:4
Because of this, they consider it strange of you not to plunge with them into the same flood of reckless indiscretion, and they heap abuse on you.

Treasury of Scripture

And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

be not.

Genesis 9:21
And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

Genesis 19:32-35
Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father…

Deuteronomy 21:20
And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard.

excess.

Matthew 23:25
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.

1 Peter 4:3,4
For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries: …

but.

Psalm 63:3-5
Because thy lovingkindness is better than life, my lips shall praise thee…

Song of Solomon 1:4
Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

Song of Solomon 7:9
And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth down sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.







Lexicon
{Do} not
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

get drunk
μεθύσκεσθε (methyskesthe)
Verb - Present Imperative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3182: To make drunk; pass: I become drunk. A prolonged form of methuo; to intoxicate.

on wine,
οἴνῳ (oinō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3631: Wine. A primary word (yayin); 'wine'.

which
(hō)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

leads to
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

reckless indiscretion.
ἀσωτία (asōtia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 810: Wantonness, profligacy, wastefulness. From a compound of a and a presumed derivative of sozo; properly, unsavedness, i.e. profligacy.

Instead,
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

be filled
πληροῦσθε (plērousthe)
Verb - Present Imperative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4137: From pleres; to make replete, i.e. to cram, level up, or to furnish, satisfy, execute, finish, verify, etc.

with
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[the] Spirit.
Πνεύματι (Pneumati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.
(18) Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess.--From the general idea of reckless levity, St. Paul passes on to the special sin of drunkenness, as not (like gluttony) primarily a gratification of the appetite, but as a reckless pursuit of excitement at all costs--glorified as an excitement of emotion, and even of wit and intellect, in such contemporary writers as Horace, and actually confused, as in the Dionysiac or Bacchanalian frenzy, with a divine inspiration. How necessary the admonition was we see by the directions as to the choice of clergy in the Pastoral Epistles (1 Tim. 3:28; Titus 1:7; Titus 2:3); the more necessary, because (as 1Timothy 5:23 shows) the right use of wine was recognised. Hence St. Paul emphatically brands drunkenness as "excess," a word properly signifying "recklessness"--"incapable of saving," or denying itself anything, and naturally passing through this want of self-restraint into profligacy--rightly translated "riot" in Titus 1:6, 1Peter 4:4, as the corresponding adverb is rendered "riotous living" in Luke 15:13. For drunkenness is at once the effect and cause of utter recklessness. It is the effect of a self-abandonment, by which the sensual or passionate elements of the nature are stimulated to frenzy, while the self-controlling judgment is drugged to sleep. It is the cause of yet greater recklessness: for as these passions and appetites become jaded, they need stronger and stronger stimulants, till the whole nature, bodily and mental, is lost in delirium or stupor.

But be filled with the Spirit.--The antithesis is startling, but profoundly instructive. To the artificial and degrading excitement of drunkenness St. Paul boldly opposes the divine enthusiasm of the Spirit, one form of which was scoffingly compared to it on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:13). He is not content with warning us of its ruinous excess, or urging the strictness of stern self-restraint. Drunkenness comes from an unnatural craving for excitement, stimulated by unwholesome conditions of life, physical and mental. He would satisfy the craving, so far as it is natural, by a divine enthusiasm, brighter and stronger than even duty to God and man, breaking out in thanksgiving, adoration, and love.

Verse 18. - And be not intoxicated with wine, wherein is dissoluteness. Drunkenness is suggested because it is a work of darkness; it is the foe to vigilance and earnestness, and it leads all who yield to it to act unwisely. It is the social aspect of drunkenness the apostle has in view - the exhilarating influence of wine in company, giving a rush of high spirits. Ασωτία, from α and σωζω, the opposite of savingness, wastefulness, dissoluteness, or the process of being dissolved, involving perdition. Spoken of the prodigal son, "riotous living;" the habit which sends everything to wreck and ruin. But be filled with the Spirit. Instead of resorting to wine to cheer and animate you, throw your hearts open the Holy Spirit, so that he may come and fill them; seek the joy that the Spirit inspires when he makes you to sit with Christ in heavenly places, so that, instead of pouring out your joyous feelings in bacchanalian songs, you may do so in Christian hymns. 5:15-21 Another remedy against sin, is care, or caution, it being impossible else to maintain purity of heart and life. Time is a talent given us by God, and it is misspent and lost when not employed according to his design. If we have lost our time heretofore, we must double our diligence for the future. Of that time which thousands on a dying bed would gladly redeem at the price of the whole world, how little do men think, and to what trifles they daily sacrifice it! People are very apt to complain of bad times; it were well if that stirred them more to redeem time. Be not unwise. Ignorance of our duty, and neglect of our souls, show the greatest folly. Drunkenness is a sin that never goes alone, but carries men into other evils; it is a sin very provoking to God. The drunkard holds out to his family and to the world the sad spectacle of a sinner hardened beyond what is common, and hastening to perdition. When afflicted or weary, let us not seek to raise our spirits by strong drink, which is hateful and hurtful, and only ends in making sorrows more felt. But by fervent prayer let us seek to be filled with the Spirit, and to avoid whatever may grieve our gracious Comforter. All God's people have reason to sing for joy. Though we are not always singing, we should be always giving thanks; we should never want disposition for this duty, as we never want matter for it, through the whole course of our lives. Always, even in trials and afflictions, and for all things; being satisfied of their loving intent, and good tendency. God keeps believers from sinning against him, and engages them to submit one to another in all he has commanded, to promote his glory, and to fulfil their duties to each other.
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