Esther 3:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Haman saw that Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor, he was enraged.

King James Bible
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, Haman was full of fury.

World English Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai didn't bow down, nor pay him homage, Haman was full of wrath.

Young's Literal Translation
And Haman seeth that Mordecai is not bowing and doing obeisance to him, and Haman is full of fury,

Esther 3:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The king's servants, that were in the king's gate - By servants here, certainly a higher class of officers are intended than porters; and Mordecai was one of those officers, and came to the gate with the others who were usually there in attendance to receive the commands of the king.

Mordecai bowed not - לאיכרע lo yichra. "He did not bow down;" nor did him reverence, ולא ישתחוה velo yishtachaveh, "nor did he prostrate himself." I think it most evident, from these two words, that it was not civil reverence merely that Haman expected and Mordecai refused; this sort of respect is found in the word כרע cara, to bow. This sort of reverence Mordecai could not refuse without being guilty of the most inexcusable obstinacy, nor did any part of the Jewish law forbid it. But Haman expected, what the Persian kings frequently received, a species of Divine adoration; and this is implied in the word שחה shachah, which signifies that kind of prostration which implies the highest degree of reverence that can be paid to God or man, lying down flat on the earth, with the hands and feet extended, and the mouth in the dust.

The Targum, says that Haman set up a statue for himself, to which every one was obliged to bow, and to adore Haman himself. The Jews all think that Mordecai refused this prostration because it implied idolatrous adoration. Hence, in the Apocryphal additions to this book, Mordecai is represented praying thus: "Thou knowest that if I have not adored Haman, it was not through pride, nor contempt, nor secret desire of glory; for I felt disposed to kiss the footsteps of his feet (gladly) for the salvation of Israel: but I feared to give to a man that honor which I know belongs only to my God."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that Mordecai.

Esther 3:2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him...

Esther 5:9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up...

full of wrath.

Esther 1:12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth...

Genesis 4:5,6 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell...

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Proverbs 12:16 A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covers shame.

Proverbs 19:19 A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if you deliver him, yet you must do it again.

Proverbs 21:24 Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who deals in proud wrath.

Proverbs 27:3,4 A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than them both...

Daniel 3:19 Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego...

Library
The Net Spread
'After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. 2. And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence. 3. Then the king's servants which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment? 4. Now it came to pass, when
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

In the Days of Queen Esther
Under the favor shown them by Cyrus, nearly fifty thousand of the children of the captivity had taken advantage of the decree permitting their return. These, however, in comparison with the hundreds of thousands scattered throughout the provinces of Medo-Persia, were but a mere remnant. The great majority of the Israelites had chosen to remain in the land of their exile rather than undergo the hardships of the return journey and the re-establishment of their desolated cities and homes. A score or
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Esther 3:4
Day after day they spoke to him but he refused to comply. Therefore they told Haman about it to see whether Mordecai's behavior would be tolerated, for he had told them he was a Jew.

Esther 5:9
Haman went out that day happy and in high spirits. But when he saw Mordecai at the king's gate and observed that he neither rose nor showed fear in his presence, he was filled with rage against Mordecai.

Ecclesiastes 10:6
Fools are put in many high positions, while the rich occupy the low ones.

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