Exodus 22:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not take advantage of the widow or the fatherless.

King James Bible
Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.

World English Bible
"You shall not take advantage of any widow or fatherless child.

Young's Literal Translation
'Any widow or orphan ye do not afflict;

Exodus 22:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child - It is remarkable that offenses against this law are not left to the discretion of the judges to be punished; God reserves the punishment to himself, and by this he strongly shows his abhorrence of the crime. It is no common crime, and shall not be punished in a common way; the wrath of God shall wax hot against him who in any wise afflicts or wrongs a widow or a fatherless child: and we may rest assured that he who helps either does a service highly acceptable in the sight of God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Deuteronomy 24:17 You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Psalm 94:6,7 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless...

Isaiah 1:17,23 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow...

Isaiah 10:2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey...

Ezekiel 22:7 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger...

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor...

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

Library
Excursus on Usury.
The famous canonist Van Espen defines usury thus: "Usura definitur lucrum ex mutuo exactum aut speratum;" [96] and then goes on to defend the proposition that, "Usury is forbidden by natural, by divine, and by human law. The first is proved thus. Natural law, as far as its first principles are concerned, is contained in the decalogue; but usury is prohibited in the decalogue, inasmuch as theft is prohibited; and this is the opinion of the Master of the Sentences, of St. Bonaventura, of St. Thomas
Philip Schaff—The Seven Ecumenical Councils

Ciii. Zacchæus. Parable of the Pounds. Journey to Jerusalem.
(Jericho.) ^C Luke XIX. 1-28. ^c 1 And he entered and was passing through Jericho. [This was about one week before the crucifixion. Jericho is about seven miles from the Jordan and about seventeen and a half from Jerusalem.] 2 And behold, a man called by name Zacchaeus; and he was a chief publican, and he was rich. [See p. 76. It is probable that Zacchæus was a sub-contractor under some Roman knight who had bought the privilege of collecting taxes at Jericho, or perhaps the privilege of all
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

The Development of the Earlier Old Testament Laws
[Sidenote: First the principle, and then the detailed laws] If the canon of the New Testament had remained open as long as did that of the Old, there is little doubt that it also would have contained many laws, legal precedents, and ecclesiastical histories. From the writings of the Church Fathers and the records of the Catholic Church it is possible to conjecture what these in general would have been. The early history of Christianity illustrates the universal fact that the broad principles are
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

The Blessing of Jacob Upon Judah. (Gen. Xlix. 8-10. )
Ver. 8. "Judah, thou, thy brethren shall praise thee; thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; before thee shall bow down the sons of thy father. Ver. 9. A lion's whelp is Judah; from the prey, my son, thou goest up; he stoopeth down, he coucheth as a lion, and as a full-grown lion, who shall rouse him up? Ver. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and unto Him the people shall adhere." Thus does dying Jacob, in announcing
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Deuteronomy 10:18
He defends the cause of the fatherless and the widow, and loves the foreigner residing among you, giving them food and clothing.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 24:18
Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.

Job 31:16
"If I have denied the desires of the poor or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,

Proverbs 23:10
Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless,

Proverbs 23:11
for their Defender is strong; he will take up their case against you.

Jeremiah 7:6
if you do not oppress the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow and do not shed innocent blood in this place, and if you do not follow other gods to your own harm,

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