Exodus 25:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather; acacia wood;

King James Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Darby Bible Translation
and rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins; and acacia-wood;

World English Bible
rams' skins dyed red, sea cow hides, acacia wood,

Young's Literal Translation
and rams' skins made red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Exodus 25:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Rams' skins dyed red - ערת אילם מאדמים oroth eylim meoddamim, literally, the skins of red rams. It is a fact attested by many respectable travelers, that in the Levant sheep are often to be met with that have red or violet-coloured fleeces. And almost all ancient writers speak of the same thing. Homer describes the rams of Polyphemus as having a violet-coloured fleece.

Αρσενες οΐες ησαν εΰτρεφεες, δασυμαλλοι,

Καλοι τε, μεγαλοι τε, ιοδνεφες ειρος εχοντες.

Odyss., lib. ix., ver. 425.

"Strong were the rams, with native purple fair,

Well fed, and largest of the fleecy care."

Pope.

Pliny, Aristotle, and others mention the same. And from facts of this kind it is very probable that the fable of the golden fleece had its origin. In the Zetland Isles I have seen sheep with variously coloured fleeces, some white, some black, some black and white, some of a very fine chocolate color. Beholding those animals brought to my recollection those words of Virgil:

- Ipse sed in pratis Aries jam suave rubenti

Murice, jam croceo mutabit vellera luto.

Eclog. iv., ver. 43.

"No wool shall in dissembled colors shine;

But the luxurious father of the fold,

With native purple or unborrow'd gold,

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 26:14 And you shall make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins.

shittim wood

Exodus 26:15,26,37 And you shall make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up...

Exodus 27:1 And you shall make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare...

Exodus 36:20 And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, standing up.

Library
The Bread of the Presence
'Thou shalt set upon the table shew-bread before Me alway.'--EXODUS xxv. 30. I suspect that to many readers the term 'shew-bread' conveys little more meaning than if the Hebrew words had been lifted over into our version. The original expression, literally rendered, is 'bread of the face'; or, as the Revised Version has it in the margin, 'presence bread,' and the meaning of that singular designation is paraphrased and explained in my text: 'Thou shalt set upon the table, bread of the presence before
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

April the Thirteenth Pure Gold
"Thou shalt overlay it with pure gold.... And there I will meet with thee." --EXODUS xxv. 10-22. I must put my best into my preparations, and then the Lord will honour my work. My part is to be of "pure gold" if my God is to dwell within it. I must not satisfy myself with cheap flimsy and then assume that the Lord will be satisfied with it. He demands my very best as a condition of His enriching Presence. My prayers must be of "pure gold" if He is to meet me there. There must be nothing vulgar
John Henry Jowett—My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year

The Word
The third way to escape the wrath and curse of God, and obtain the benefit of redemption by Christ, is the diligent use of ordinances, in particular, the word, sacraments, and prayer.' I begin with the best of these ordinances. The word . . . which effectually worketh in you that believe.' 1 Thess 2:13. What is meant by the word's working effectually? The word of God is said to work effectually when it has the good effect upon us for which it was appointed by God; when it works powerful illumination
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

Man's Chief End
Q-I: WHAT IS THE CHIEF END OF MAN? A: Man's chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him for ever. Here are two ends of life specified. 1: The glorifying of God. 2: The enjoying of God. I. The glorifying of God, I Pet 4:4: That God in all things may be glorified.' The glory of God is a silver thread which must run through all our actions. I Cor 10:01. Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.' Everything works to some end in things natural and artificial;
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

Exodus 26:14
Make for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of the other durable leather.

Exodus 35:7
ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather; acacia wood;

Exodus 35:23
Everyone who had blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen, or goat hair, ram skins dyed red or the other durable leather brought them.

Exodus 36:19
Then they made for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of the other durable leather.

Exodus 39:34
the covering of ram skins dyed red and the covering of another durable leather and the shielding curtain;

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