Exodus 28:42
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Make linen undergarments as a covering for the body, reaching from the waist to the thigh.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach:

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make them linen trousers to cover the flesh of nakedness; from the loins even to the hips shall they reach.

World English Bible
You shall make them linen breeches to cover the flesh of their nakedness; from the waist even to the thighs they shall reach:

Young's Literal Translation
'And make thou for them linen trousers to cover the naked flesh: they are from the loins even unto the thighs;

Exodus 28:42 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Linen breeches - This command had in view the necessity of purity and decency in every part of the Divine worship, in opposition to the shocking indecency of the pagan worship in general, in which the priests often ministered naked, as in the sacrifices to Bacchus, etc.

On the garments of the high priest some general reflections have already been made; see Exodus 28:2 (note): and to what is there said it may be just necessary to add, that there can be no doubt of their being all emblematical of spiritual things; but of which, and in what way, no man can positively say. Many commentators have entered largely into this subject, and have made many edifying and useful remarks; but where no clue is given to guide us through a labyrinth in which the possibility of mistake is every moment occurring, it is much better not to attempt to be wise above what is written; for however edifying the reflections may be which are made on these subjects, yet, as they are not clearly deducible from the text itself, they can give little satisfaction to a sincere inquirer after truth. These garments were all made for glory and for beauty, and this is the general account that it has pleased God to give of their nature and design: in a general sense, they represented,

1. The necessity of purity in every part of the Divine worship;

2. The necessity of an atonement for sin;

3. The purity and justice of the Divine Majesty; and,

4. The absolute necessity of that holiness without which none can see the Lord. And these subjects should be diligently kept in view by all those who wish to profit by the curious and interesting details given in this chapter. In the notes these topics are frequently introduced.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

breeches

Exodus 20:26 Neither shall you go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not discovered thereon.

Exodus 39:28 And a turban of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,

Leviticus 6:10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put on his flesh...

Leviticus 16:4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches on his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle...

Ezekiel 44:18 They shall have linen bonnets on their heads, and shall have linen breeches on their loins...

Revelation 3:18 I counsel you to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that you may be rich; and white raiment, that you may be clothed...

their nakedness. Heb. flesh of their nakedness. reach Heb. be

Library
Three Inscriptions with one Meaning
'Thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it ... HOLINESS TO THE LORD.'--EXODUS xxviii. 36. 'In that day there shall be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD.'--ZECH. xiv. 20. 'His name shall be in their foreheads.'--REV. xxii. 4. You will have perceived my purpose in putting these three widely separated texts together. They all speak of inscriptions, and they are all obviously connected with each other. The first of them comes from the ancient times of the institution
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Edwards -- Spiritual Light
Jonathan Edwards, the New England divine and metaphysician, was born at East Windsor, Connecticut, in 1703. He was graduated early from Yale College, where he had given much attention to philosophy, became tutor of his college, and at nineteen began to preach. His voice and manner did not lend themselves readily to pulpit oratory, but his clear, logical, and intense presentation of the truth produced a profound and permanent effect upon his hearers. He wrote what were considered the most important
Grenville Kleiser—The world's great sermons, Volume 3

The Covenant of Grace
Q-20: DID GOD LEAVE ALL MANKIND TO PERISH 1N THE ESTATE OF SIN AND MISERY? A: No! He entered into a covenant of grace to deliver the elect out of that state, and to bring them into a state of grace by a Redeemer. 'I will make an everlasting covenant with you.' Isa 55:5. Man being by his fall plunged into a labyrinth of misery, and having no way left to recover himself, God was pleased to enter into a new covenant with him, and to restore him to life by a Redeemer. The great proposition I shall go
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

The Earliest Christian Preaching
1. THUS far we have confined ourselves to the words of Jesus. The divine necessity of His death, indicated in the Old Testament and forming the basis of all His teaching regarding it, is the primary truth; the nature of that necessity begins to be revealed as the death is set in relation to the ransoming of many, and to the institution of a new covenant -- that is, a new religion, having as its fundamental blessing the forgiveness of sins. I do not think this view of our Lord's mind as to His own
James Denney—The Death of Christ

Cross References
Exodus 20:26
And do not go up to my altar on steps, or your private parts may be exposed.'

Exodus 39:28
and the turban of fine linen, the linen caps and the undergarments of finely twisted linen.

Leviticus 6:10
The priest shall then put on his linen clothes, with linen undergarments next to his body, and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar.

Leviticus 16:4
He is to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen undergarments next to his body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban. These are sacred garments; so he must bathe himself with water before he puts them on.

Ezekiel 44:17
"'When they enter the gates of the inner court, they are to wear linen clothes; they must not wear any woolen garment while ministering at the gates of the inner court or inside the temple.

Ezekiel 44:18
They are to wear linen turbans on their heads and linen undergarments around their waists. They must not wear anything that makes them perspire.

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