Exodus 34:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation."

King James Bible
Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

Darby Bible Translation
keeping mercy unto thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but by no means clearing [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, upon the third and upon the fourth [generation].

World English Bible
keeping loving kindness for thousands, forgiving iniquity and disobedience and sin; and that will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the children's children, on the third and on the fourth generation."

Young's Literal Translation
keeping kindness for thousands, taking away iniquity, and transgression, and sin, and not entirely acquitting, charging iniquity of fathers on children, and on children's children, on a third generation, and on a fourth.'

Exodus 34:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That will by no means clear the guilty - This last clause is rather difficult; literally translated it signifies, in clearing he will not clear. But the Samaritan, reading לו lo, to him, instead of the negative לא lo, not, renders the clause thus: With whom the innocent shall be innocent; i.e., an innocent or holy person shall never be treated as if he were a transgressor, by this just and holy God. The Arabic version has it, He justifies and is not justified; and the Septuagint is nearly as our English text, και ου καθαριει τον ενοχον, and he doth not purify the guilty. The Alexandrian copy of the Septuagint, edited by Dr. Grabe, has και τον ενοχον καθαρισμῳ ου καθαριει, and the guilty he will not cleanse with a purification-offering. The Coptic is to the same purpose. The Vulgate is a paraphrase: nullusque apud te per se innocens est, "and no person is innocent by or of himself before thee." This gives a sound theological sense, stating a great truth, That no man can make an atonement for his own sins, or purify his own heart; and that all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

keeping

Exodus 20:6 And showing mercy to thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

Deuteronomy 5:10 And showing mercy to thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.

Nehemiah 1:5 And said, I beseech you, O LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God...

Nehemiah 9:32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keep covenant and mercy...

Psalm 86:15 But you, O Lord, are a God full of compassion, and gracious, long suffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.

Jeremiah 32:18 You show loving kindness to thousands, and recompense the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great...

Daniel 9:4 And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God...

forgiving

Psalm 103:3 Who forgives all your iniquities; who heals all your diseases;

Psalm 130:4 But there is forgiveness with you, that you may be feared.

Daniel 9:9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?...

Matthew 6:14,15 For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you...

Matthew 12:31 Why I say to you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven to men...

Matthew 18:32-35 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said to him, O you wicked servant, I forgave you all that debt, because you desired me...

Luke 7:42,48 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most...

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

Acts 13:8 But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.

Romans 4:7,8 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered...

Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

Ephesians 4:32 And be you kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake has forgiven you.

1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

that will by no means clear the guilty. The Hebrew has been rendered 'Acquitting him who is not innocent.' Nothing can more strongly express the goodness of God to frail mortals than this declaration, 'which has been misunderstood and misinterpreted by all our translators.'

Exodus 23:7,21 Keep you far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay you not: for I will not justify the wicked...

Numbers 14:18-23 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty...

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand...

Joshua 24:19 And Joshua said to the people, You cannot serve the LORD: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God...

Job 10:14 If I sin, then you mark me, and you will not acquit me from my iniquity.

Psalm 9:16,17 The LORD is known by the judgment which he executes: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah...

Psalm 11:5,6 The LORD tries the righteous: but the wicked and him that loves violence his soul hates...

Psalm 58:10,11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked...

Psalm 136:10,15 To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn: for his mercy endures for ever...

Isaiah 45:21 Tell you, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together: who has declared this from ancient time?...

Micah 6:11 Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?

Nahum 1:2,3,6 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries...

Romans 2:4-9 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Romans 3:19-26 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

Romans 9:22,23 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known...

Hebrews 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.

Revelation 20:15 And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

visiting

Exodus 20:5,6 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God...

Library
Blessed and Tragic Unconsciousness
'... Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.'--EXODUS xxxiv. 29. '... And Samson wist not that the Lord had departed from him.'--JUDGES xvi. 20. The recurrence of the same phrase in two such opposite connections is very striking. Moses, fresh from the mountain of vision, where he had gazed on as much of the glory of God as was accessible to man, caught some gleam of the light which he adoringly beheld; and a strange radiance sat on his face, unseen by himself, but
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Knowledge that God Is, Combined with the Knowledge that He is to be Worshipped.
John iv. 24.--"God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth." There are two common notions engraven on the hearts of all men by nature,--that God is, and that he must be worshipped, and these two live and die together, they are clear, or blotted together. According as the apprehension of God is clear, and distinct, and more deeply engraven on the soul, so is this notion of man's duty of worshipping God clear and imprinted on the soul, and whenever the actions
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

That the Employing Of, and Associating with the Malignant Party, According as is Contained in the Public Resolutions, is Sinful and Unlawful.
That The Employing Of, And Associating With The Malignant Party, According As Is Contained In The Public Resolutions, Is Sinful And Unlawful. If there be in the land a malignant party of power and policy, and the exceptions contained in the Act of Levy do comprehend but few of that party, then there need be no more difficulty to prove, that the present public resolutions and proceedings do import an association and conjunction with a malignant party, than to gather a conclusion from clear premises.
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Exercise of Mercy Optional with God.
ROMANS ix. 15.--"For He saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion." This is a part of the description which God himself gave to Moses, of His own nature and attributes. The Hebrew legislator had said to Jehovah: "I beseech thee show me thy glory." He desired a clear understanding of the character of that Great Being, under whose guidance he was commissioned to lead the people of Israel into the promised land. God said to
William G.T. Shedd—Sermons to the Natural Man

Cross References
Matthew 6:12
And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.

1 John 1:9
If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.

Genesis 19:16
When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the LORD was merciful to them.

Exodus 20:5
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

Exodus 20:6
but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

Exodus 23:7
Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty.

Exodus 33:19
And the LORD said, "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

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