Exodus 6:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and harsh labor.

King James Bible
And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses spoke thus to the children of Israel; but they did not listen to Moses from anguish of spirit, and from hard service.

World English Bible
Moses spoke so to the children of Israel, but they didn't listen to Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses speaketh so unto the sons of Israel, and they hearkened not unto Moses, for anguish of spirit, and for harsh service.

Exodus 6:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But they hearkened not - Their bondage was become so extremely oppressive that they had lost all hope of ever being redeemed from it. After this verse the Samaritan adds, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians: for it is better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness. This appears to be borrowed from Exodus 14:12.

Anguish of spirit - קצר רוח kotzer ruach, shortness of spirit or breath. The words signify that their labor was so continual, and their bondage so cruel and oppressive, that they had scarcely time to breathe.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hearkened

Exodus 5:21 And they said to them, The LORD look on you, and judge; because you have made our smell to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh...

Exodus 14:12 Is not this the word that we did tell you in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?...

Job 21:4 As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

Proverbs 14:19 The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

anguish. Heb. shortness. or, straitness

Numbers 21:4 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom...

Library
To the Saddest of the Sad
I often wonder what those preachers do who feel called to make up their message as they go on; for if they fail, their failure must be attributed in great measure to their want of ability to make up a moving tale. They have to spread their sails to the breeze of the age, and to pick up a gospel that comes floating down to them on the stream of time, altering every week in the year; and they must have an endless task to catch this new idea, or, as they put it, to keep abreast of the age. Unless, indeed,
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 34: 1888

Appendix viii. Rabbinic Traditions About Elijah, the Forerunner of the Messiah
To complete the evidence, presented in the text, as to the essential difference between the teaching of the ancient Synagogue about the Forerunner of the Messiah' and the history and mission of John the Baptist, as described in the New Testaments, we subjoin a full, though condensed, account of the earlier Rabbinic traditions about Elijah. Opinions differ as to the descent and birthplace of Elijah. According to some, he was from the land of Gilead (Bemid. R. 14), and of the tribe of Gad (Tanch. on
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Exodus 1:14
They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.

Exodus 2:23
During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God.

Exodus 6:10
Then the LORD said to Moses,

Exodus 14:12
Didn't we say to you in Egypt, 'Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!"

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