Genesis 38:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

King James Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

Darby Bible Translation
And Judah saw her, and took her for a harlot; because she had covered her face.

World English Bible
When Judah saw her, he thought that she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face.

Young's Literal Translation
And Judah seeth her, and reckoneth her for a harlot, for she hath covered her face,

Genesis 38:15 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thought her to be a harlot - See the original of this term, Genesis 34:31 (note). The Hebrew is זונה zonah, and signifies generally a person who prostitutes herself to the public for hire, or one who lives by the public; and hence very likely applied to a publican, a tavern-keeper, or hostess, Joshua 2:1; translated by the Septuagint, and in the New Testament, πορνη, from περναω, to sell, which certainly may as well apply to her goods as to her person.

It appears that in very ancient times there were public persons of this description; and they generally veiled themselves, sat in public places by the highway side, and received certain hire. Though adultery was reputed a very flagrant crime, yet this public prostitution was not; for persons whose characters were on the whole morally good had connections with them. But what could be expected from an age in which there was no written Divine revelation, and consequently the bounds of right and wrong were not sufficiently ascertained? This defect was supplied in a considerable measure by the law and the prophets, and now completely by the Gospel of Christ.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Genesis 34:31 And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?

Leviticus 19:29 Do not prostitute your daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to prostitution...

Leviticus 21:14 A widow, or a divorced woman, or profane, or an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife.

Numbers 25:1,6 And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution with the daughters of Moab...

Deuteronomy 23:18 You shall not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD your God for any vow...

Judges 11:1 Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valor, and he was the son of an harlot: and Gilead begat Jephthah.

Judges 16:1 Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there an harlot, and went in to her.

Judges 19:2,25 And his concubine played the whore against him, and went away from him to her father's house to Bethlehemjudah...

1 Kings 3:16 Then came there two women, that were harlots, to the king, and stood before him.

Proverbs 2:18,19 For her house inclines to death, and her paths to the dead...

Amos 2:7 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek...


1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.

1 Peter 3:3-6 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel...


Genesis 38:14 And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place...

Because, Therefore, Lying Heretics Find not in the Books of the New Testament Any...
29. Because, therefore, lying heretics find not in the books of the New Testament any precedents of lying which are meet to be imitated, they esteem themselves to be most copious in their disputation wherein they opine that it is right to lie, when from the old prophetical books, because it doth not appear therein, save to the few who understand, to what must be referred the significative sayings and doings which as such be true, they seem to themselves to find out and allege many that be lies. But
St. Augustine—Against Lying

The Old Testament opens very impressively. In measured and dignified language it introduces the story of Israel's origin and settlement upon the land of Canaan (Gen.--Josh.) by the story of creation, i.-ii. 4a, and thus suggests, at the very beginning, the far-reaching purpose and the world-wide significance of the people and religion of Israel. The narrative has not travelled far till it becomes apparent that its dominant interests are to be religious and moral; for, after a pictorial sketch of
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 38:14
she took off her widow's clothes, covered herself with a veil to disguise herself, and then sat down at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah. For she saw that, though Shelah had now grown up, she had not been given to him as his wife.

Genesis 38:16
Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law, he went over to her by the roadside and said, "Come now, let me sleep with you." "And what will you give me to sleep with you?" she asked.

Proverbs 7:10
Then out came a woman to meet him, dressed like a prostitute and with crafty intent.

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