Genesis 42:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They did not realize that Joseph could understand them, since he was using an interpreter.

King James Bible
And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.

Darby Bible Translation
And they did not know that Joseph understood, for the interpreter was between them.

World English Bible
They didn't know that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

Young's Literal Translation
And they have not known that Joseph understandeth, for the interpreter is between them;

Genesis 42:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For he spake unto them by an interpreter - Either there was a very great difference between the two languages as then spoken, or Joseph, to prevent all suspicion, might affect to be ignorant of both. We have many evidences in this book that the Egyptians, Hebrews, Canaanites, and Syrians, could understand each other in a general way, though there are also proofs that there was a considerable difference between their dialects.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he spake unto them by a interpreter. Heb. an interpreter was between them. The {mailitz} does not seem to have been an interpreter in our sense of the term; as we have many evidences in this book that the Egyptians, Hebrews, Canaanites, and Syrians, could understand each other in a general way; and it appears from several passages in this very chapter, (particularly ver.

Genesis 42:24 And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon...

,) that Joseph and his brethren understood each others' language, as his brethren and Joseph's steward also did (ch.

Genesis 43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the door of the house,

, etc; compare ch.

39;

49.) It seems to denote an officer who is called in Abyssinia, according to Mr. Bruce, {Kal Hatz?,} the voice or word of the king, who always stands at the side of a lattice window of a balcony, within which the king sits; who is never seen, but who speaks through a hole in the side of it, covered in the inside with a curtain, to this officer, by whom he speaks to the persons present.

John 16:13,14 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself...

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be you reconciled to God.

Library
Corn in Egypt
Now, there are very few minds that can make parables. The fact is, I do not know of but one good allegory in the English language, and that is, the "Pilgrim's Progress in Parables, pictures, and analogies are not so easy as some think; most men can understand them, but few can create them. Happy for us who are ministers of Christ, we have no great trouble about this matter; we have not to make parables; they are made for us. I believe that Old Testament history has for one of its designs the furnishing
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Spiritual Hunger Shall be Satisfied
They shall be filled. Matthew 5:6 I proceed now to the second part of the text. A promise annexed. They shall be filled'. A Christian fighting with sin is not like one that beats the air' (1 Corinthians 9:26), and his hungering after righteousness is not like one that sucks in only air, Blessed are they that hunger, for they shall be filled.' Those that hunger after righteousness shall be filled. God never bids us seek him in vain' (Isaiah 45:19). Here is an honeycomb dropping into the mouths of
Thomas Watson—The Beatitudes: An Exposition of Matthew 5:1-12

Cross References
Genesis 11:7
Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other."

Genesis 42:22
Reuben replied, "Didn't I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you wouldn't listen! Now we must give an accounting for his blood."

Genesis 42:24
He turned away from them and began to weep, but then came back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes.

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