Genesis 42:23
New International Version
They did not realize that Joseph could understand them, since he was using an interpreter.

New Living Translation
Of course, they didn’t know that Joseph understood them, for he had been speaking to them through an interpreter.

English Standard Version
They did not know that Joseph understood them, for there was an interpreter between them.

Berean Study Bible
They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them.

King James Bible
And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.

New King James Version
But they did not know that Joseph understood them, for he spoke to them through an interpreter.

New American Standard Bible
They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them.

NASB 1995
They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them.

NASB 1977
They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them.

Amplified Bible
They did not know that Joseph understood [their conversation], because he spoke to them through an interpreter.

Christian Standard Bible
They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them.

American Standard Version
And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were not aware that Yoseph heard, because an interpreter was standing among them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

Contemporary English Version
They did not know that Joseph could understand them, since he was speaking through an interpreter.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter.

English Revised Version
And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

Good News Translation
Joseph understood what they said, but they did not know it, because they had been speaking to him through an interpreter.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They didn't know that Joseph could understand them, because he was speaking through an interpreter.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, they had no idea that Joseph could understand them, since he was talking to them through an interpreter.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for the interpreter was between them.

Literal Standard Version
And they have not known that Joseph understands, for the interpreter [is] between them;

NET Bible
(Now they did not know that Joseph could understand them, for he was speaking through an interpreter.)

New Heart English Bible
Now they did not know that Joseph could understand them, since he was speaking through an interpreter.

World English Bible
They didn't know that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

Young's Literal Translation
And they have not known that Joseph understandeth, for the interpreter is between them;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt
22And Reuben responded, “Didn’t I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you would not listen. Now we must account for his blood!” 23They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them. 24And he turned away from them and wept. When he turned back and spoke to them, he took Simeon from them and had him bound before their eyes.…

Cross References
Genesis 11:7
Come, let Us go down and confuse their language, so that they will not understand one another's speech."

Genesis 42:22
And Reuben responded, "Didn't I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you would not listen. Now we must account for his blood!"

Genesis 42:24
And he turned away from them and wept. When he turned back and spoke to them, he took Simeon from them and had him bound before their eyes.


Treasury of Scripture

And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spoke to them by an interpreter.

he spake unto them by a interpreter.

Genesis 42:24
And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.

Genesis 43:19
And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the door of the house,

John 16:13,14
Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come…

2 Corinthians 5:20
Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.









Verse 23. - And they knew not (while they talked in what they imagined to be a foreign dialect to the Egyptian viceroy) that Joseph understood them; - literally, heard (so as to understand what was said) - for he spake unto them by an interpreter - literally, for the interpreter. (חַמְּלִיצ, the hiph. part., with the art., of לוּצ, to speak barbarously, in the hiph. to act as an interpreter), i.e. the official Court interpreter, ἑρμηνευτής (LXX.), was between them.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They
וְהֵם֙ (wə·hêm)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

did not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

realize
יָֽדְע֔וּ (yā·ḏə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3045: To know

that
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

Joseph
יוֹסֵ֑ף (yō·w·sêp̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3130: Joseph -- 'he increases', a son of Jacob, also the name of several Israelites

understood them,
שֹׁמֵ֖עַ (šō·mê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently

since
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

there was an interpreter
הַמֵּלִ֖יץ (ham·mê·lîṣ)
Article | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3887: Ambassador, have in derision, interpreter, make a mock, mocker

between them.
בֵּינֹתָֽם׃ (bê·nō·ṯām)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's 996: An interval, space between


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OT Law: Genesis 42:23 They didn't know that Joseph understood them (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 42:22
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