Genesis 42:23
Good News Translation
Joseph understood what they said, but they did not know it, because they had been speaking to him through an interpreter.

Contemporary English Version
They did not know that Joseph could understand them, since he was speaking through an interpreter.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter.

New American Bible
They did not know, of course, that Joseph understood what they said, since he spoke with them through an interpreter.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter.

he spake unto them by a interpreter.

Genesis 42:24 And he turned himself away a little while, and wept: and returning, he spoke to them.

,) that Joseph and his brethren understood each others' language, as his brethren and Joseph's steward also did (ch.

Genesis 43:19 Wherefore, going up to the steward of the house, at the door,

, etc; compare ch.

39;

49.) It seems to denote an officer who is called in Abyssinia, according to Mr. Bruce, {Kal Hatz?,} the voice or word of the king, who always stands at the side of a lattice window of a balcony, within which the king sits; who is never seen, but who speaks through a hole in the side of it, covered in the inside with a curtain, to this officer, by whom he speaks to the persons present.

John 16:13,14 But when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will teach you all truth. For he shall not speak of himself: but what things soever he shall hear, he shall speak. And the things that are to come, he shall shew you. . . .

2 Corinthians 5:20 For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us, for Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.

Context
Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt
22And Ruben, one of them, said: Did not I say to you: Do not sin against the boy; and you would not hear me? Behold his blood is required. 23And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter.24And he turned himself away a little while, and wept: and returning, he spoke to them.…
Cross References
Genesis 11:7
Come ye, therefore, let us go down, and there confound their tongue, that they may not understand one another's speech.

Genesis 42:22
And Ruben, one of them, said: Did not I say to you: Do not sin against the boy; and you would not hear me? Behold his blood is required.

Genesis 42:24
And he turned himself away a little while, and wept: and returning, he spoke to them.

Additional Translations
They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them.And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spoke to them by an interpreter.

And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

But they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

And they did not know that Joseph understood, for the interpreter was between them.

And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spoke to them by an interpreter.

They didn't know that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.

And they have not known that Joseph understandeth, for the interpreter is between them;
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OT Law: Genesis 42:23 They didn't know that Joseph understood them (Gen. Ge Gn) Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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