New International Version
Or do you think Scripture says without reason that he jealously longs for the spirit he has caused to dwell in us?
King James Bible
Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?
Darby Bible Translation
Think ye that the scripture speaks in vain? Does the Spirit which has taken his abode in us desire enviously?
World English Bible
Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, "The Spirit who lives in us yearns jealously"?
Young's Literal Translation
Do ye think that emptily the Writing saith, 'To envy earnestly desireth the spirit that did dwell in us,'
James 4:5 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain - This verse is exceedingly obscure. We cannot tell what scripture St. James refers to; many have been produced by learned men as that which he had particularly in view. Some think Genesis 6:5 : "Every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually." Genesis 8:21 : "The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth." Numbers 11:29 : "Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake?" and Proverbs 21:10 : "The soul of the wicked desireth evil." None of these scriptures, nor any others, contain the precise words in this verse; and therefore St. James may probably refer, not to any particular portion, but to the spirit and design of the Scripture in those various places where it speaks against envying, covetousness, worldly associations, etc., etc.
Perhaps the word in this and the two succeeding verses may be well paraphrased thus: "Do ye think that concerning these things the Scripture speaks falsely, or that the Holy Spirit which dwells in us can excite us to envy others instead of being contented with the state in which the providence of God has placed us? Nay, far otherwise; for He gives us more grace to enable us to bear the ills of life, and to lie in deep humility at his feet, knowing that his Holy Spirit has said, Proverbs 3:34 : God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble. Seeing these things are so, submit yourselves to God; resist the devil, who would tempt you to envy, and he will flee from you; draw nigh to God and he will draw nigh to you."
I must leave this sense as the best I can give, without asserting that I have hit the true meaning. There is not a critic in Europe who has considered the passage that has not been puzzled with it. I think the 5th verse should be understood as giving a contrary sense to that in our translation. Every genuine Christian is a habitation of the Holy Ghost, and that Spirit προς φθονον επιποθει, excites strong desires against envy; a man must not suppose that he is a Christian if he have an envious or covetous heart.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
to envy. or, enviously.
LibraryDecember 29 Evening
Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you.--JAMES 4:8. Enoch walked with God.--Can two walk together, except they be agreed?--It is good for me to draw near to God. The Lord is with you, while ye be with him: and if ye seek him, he will be found of you: but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. When they in their trouble did turn unto the Lord God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of …
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path
April 4. "Resist the Devil and He Will Flee" (James iv. 7).
Next Let not Man, Now that He Knoweth that by the Grace of God...
Whether Strife is a Daughter of Anger?
God is not human, that he should lie, not a human being, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?
1 Corinthians 6:19
Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own;
2 Corinthians 6:16
What agreement is there between the temple of God and idols? For we are the temple of the living God. As God has said: "I will live with them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people."
Jump to PreviousAbode Caused Desire Desires Dwell Dwelleth Emptily Envies Envy Envying Hearts Holy Intensely Lusteth Purpose Reason Scripture Seem Speaketh Speaks Spirit Strong Suppose Think Vain Writings Yearns
Jump to NextAbode Caused Desire Desires Dwell Dwelleth Emptily Envies Envy Envying Hearts Holy Intensely Lusteth Purpose Reason Scripture Seem Speaketh Speaks Spirit Strong Suppose Think Vain Writings Yearns
LinksJames 4:5 NIV
James 4:5 NLT
James 4:5 ESV
James 4:5 NASB
James 4:5 KJV
James 4:5 Bible Apps
James 4:5 Biblia Paralela
James 4:5 Chinese Bible
James 4:5 French Bible
James 4:5 German Bible
James 4:5 Commentaries
THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.