Jeremiah 34:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Those who have violated my covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two and then walked between its pieces.

King James Bible
And I will give the men that have transgressed my covenant, which have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before me, when they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof,

Darby Bible Translation
And I will give the men that have transgressed my covenant, who have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before me, -- the calf which they cut in twain, and passed between the parts thereof,

World English Bible
I will give the men who have transgressed my covenant, who have not performed the words of the covenant which they made before me, when they cut the calf in two and passed between its parts;

Young's Literal Translation
'And I have given the men who are transgressing My covenant, who have not established the words of the covenant that they have made before Me, by the calf, that they have cut in two, and pass through between its pieces --

Jeremiah 34:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

When they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof - This was the ancient and most solemn way of making a covenant.

1. A calf as sacrifice was offered to God to secure his approbation and support.

2. The victim was then exactly divided from the nose to the rump; the spinal marrow being divided longitudinally, in the most careful manner, that the half of it might remain on each side.

3. These divided parts were laid opposite to each other, a passage being left between them.

4. The contracting parties entered this passage at each end, met in the middle, and there took the covenant oath; adjudging themselves to death should they break this covenant.

5. Then they both feasted on the victim. In reference to this last circumstance, God says he will give their bodies for meat to the fowls of heaven and to the beasts. This is a farther conformity between the crime and the punishment. See my notes on Genesis 15:9-17 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have transgressed.

Deuteronomy 17:2 If there be found among you, within any of your gates which the LORD your God gives you, man or woman...

Joshua 7:11 Israel has sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing...

Joshua 23:16 When you have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods...

Hosea 6:7 But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.

Hosea 8:1 Set the trumpet to your mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant...

when. This was the ancient mode of making a covenant.

Deuteronomy 29:12 That you should enter into covenant with the LORD your God, and into his oath, which the LORD your God makes with you this day:

Joshua 9:7 And the men of Israel said to the Hivites, Peradventure you dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

Genesis 15:10,17,18 And he took to him all these, and divided them in the middle, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not...

Psalm 50:1 The mighty God, even the LORD, has spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun to the going down thereof.

Library
Jeremiah
The interest of the book of Jeremiah is unique. On the one hand, it is our most reliable and elaborate source for the long period of history which it covers; on the other, it presents us with prophecy in its most intensely human phase, manifesting itself through a strangely attractive personality that was subject to like doubts and passions with ourselves. At his call, in 626 B.C., he was young and inexperienced, i. 6, so that he cannot have been born earlier than 650. The political and religious
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Romans 2:8
But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger.

Genesis 15:10
Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half.

Genesis 15:17
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces.

Deuteronomy 17:2
If a man or woman living among you in one of the towns the LORD gives you is found doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God in violation of his covenant,

Hosea 6:7
As at Adam, they have broken the covenant; they were unfaithful to me there.

Hosea 8:1
"Put the trumpet to your lips! An eagle is over the house of the LORD because the people have broken my covenant and rebelled against my law.

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