Job 14:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
so he lies down and does not rise; till the heavens are no more, people will not awake or be roused from their sleep.

King James Bible
So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.

Darby Bible Translation
So man lieth down, and riseth not again; till the heavens be no more, they do not awake, nor are raised out of their sleep.

World English Bible
so man lies down and doesn't rise. Until the heavens are no more, they shall not awake, nor be roused out of their sleep.

Young's Literal Translation
And man hath lain down, and riseth not, Till the wearing out of the heavens they awake not, Nor are roused from their sleep.

Job 14:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

So man lieth down - He falls asleep in his bed of earth.

And riseth not - Men shall not, like cut down trees and plants, reproduce their like; nor shall they arise till the heavens are no more, till the earth and all its works are burnt up, and the general resurrection of human beings shall take place. Surely it would be difficult to twist this passage to the denial of the resurrection of the body. Neither can these expressions be fairly understood as implying Job's belief in the materiality of the soul, and that the whole man sleeps from the day of his death to the morning of the resurrection. We have already seen that Job makes a distinction between the animal life and rational soul in man; and it is most certain that the doctrine of the materiality of the soul, and its sleep till the resurrection, has no place in the sacred records. There is a most beautiful passage to the same purpose, and with the same imagery, in Moschus's epitaph on the death of Bion: -

Αι, αι ται μαλαχαι μεν επαν κατα καπον ολωνται,

Η τα χλωρα σελινα, το τ' ευθαλες ουλον ανηθον,

Ὑστερον αυ ζωοντι, και εις ετος αλλο φυοντι·

Αμμες δ', οἱ μεγαλοι, και καρτεροι, η σοφοι ανδρες,

Ὁπποτε πρωτα θανωμες, ανακοοι εν χθονι κοιλα

Εὑδομες ευ μαλα μακρον, ατερμονα, νηγρετον ὑπνον.

Idyll. iii., ver. 100.

Alas! alas! the mallows, when they die,

Or garden herbs, and sweet Anethum's pride,

Blooming in vigor, wake again to life,

And flourish beauteous through another year:

But we, the great, the mighty, and the wise,

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So man

Job 10:21,22 Before I go from where I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death...

Job 30:23 For I know that you will bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

Ecclesiastes 3:19-21 For that which befalls the sons of men befalls beasts; even one thing befalls them: as the one dies, so dies the other; yes...

Ecclesiastes 12:5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish...

till the heavens

Job 19:25-27 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the latter day on the earth...

Psalm 102:26 They shall perish, but you shall endure: yes, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a clothing shall you change them...

Isaiah 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look on the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke...

Isaiah 65:17 For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

Isaiah 66:22 For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, said the LORD...

Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

Acts 3:21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things...

Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope,

2 Peter 3:7,10-13 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away...

Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

awake

Job 3:13 For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,

Job 7:21 And why do you not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust...

Isaiah 26:19 Your dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, you that dwell in dust...

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

John 11:11-13 These things said he: and after that he said to them, Our friend Lazarus sleeps; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep...

Ephesians 5:14 Why he said, Awake you that sleep, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give you light.

1 Thessalonians 4:14,15 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him...

Library
February 18 Evening
Adam . . . begat a son in his own likeness.--GEN. 5:3. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean?--Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Dead in trespasses and sins; . . . by nature the children of wrath, even as others.--I am carnal, sold under sin. That which I do I allow not; for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing. By one man sin entered into the world, . . . by one man's
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

Job's Question, Jesus' Answer
'If a man die, shall he live again?'--JOB xiv. 14. '... I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: 26. And whosoever liveth and believeth in Me shall never die.'--JOHN xi. 25, 26. Job's question waited long for an answer. Weary centuries rolled away; but at last the doubting, almost despairing, cry put into the mouth of the man of sorrows of the Old Testament is answered by the Man of Sorrows of the New. The answer in words is this second
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Whether There is to be a Resurrection of the Body?
Objection 1: It would seem that there is not to be a resurrection of the body: for it is written (Job 14:12): "Man, when he is fallen asleep, shall not rise again till the heavens be broken." But the heavens shall never be broken, since the earth, to which seemingly this is still less applicable, "standeth for ever" (Eccles. 1:4). Therefore the man that is dead shall never rise again. Objection 2: Further, Our Lord proves the resurrection by quoting the words: "I am the God of Abraham, and the God
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Time of Our Resurrection Should be Delayed Till the End of the World?
Objection 1: It would seem that the time of the resurrection ought not to be delayed till the end of the world, so that all may rise together. For there is more conformity between head and members than between one member and another, as there is more between cause and effect than between one effect and another. Now Christ, Who is our Head, did not delay His resurrection until the end of the world, so as to rise again together with all men. Therefore there is no need for the resurrection of the early
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Job 3:13
For now I would be lying down in peace; I would be asleep and at rest

Psalm 90:5
Yet you sweep people away in the sleep of death-- they are like the new grass of the morning:

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