Job 32:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But it is the spirit in a person, the breath of the Almighty, that gives them understanding.

King James Bible
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

Darby Bible Translation
But there is a spirit which is in man; and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

World English Bible
But there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Young's Literal Translation
Surely a spirit is in man, And the breath of the Mighty One Doth cause them to understand.

Job 32:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But there is a spirit in man - Mr. Good translates: -

"But surely there is an afflation in mankind,

And the inspiration of the Almighty actuateth them."

Coverdale, thus: -

Every man (no doute) hath a mynde; but it is the inspyracion of the Almightie that geveth understondinge.

I will now offer my own opinion, but first give the original text: רוח היא באנוש ונשמת שדי תבינם ruach hi beenosh venishmath shaddai tebinem. "The spirit itself is in miserable man, and the breath of the Almighty causeth them to understand," How true is it that in God we live, move, and have our being! The spirit itself is in man as the spring or fountain of his animal existence, and by the afflatus of this spirit he becomes capable of understanding and reason, and consequently of discerning Divine truth. The animal and intellectual lives are here stated to be from God; and this appears to be an allusion to man's creation, Genesis 2:7 : "And God breathed into man's nostrils the breath of lives," נשמת חיים nishmath chaiyim, i.e., animal and intellectual, and thus he became a living soul, נפש חיה nephesh chaiyah, a rational animal. When man fell from God, the Spirit of God was grieved, and departed from him; but was restored, as the enlightener and corrector, in virtue of the purposed incarnation and atonement of our Lord Jesus; hence, he is "the true Light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world," John 1:9. That afflatus is therefore still continued to אנוש enosh, man, in his wretched, fallen state; and it is by that Spirit, the רוח אלהים Ruach Elohim, "the Spirit of the merciful or covenant God," that we have any conscience, knowledge of good and evil, judgment in Divine things, and, in a word, capability of being saved. And when, through the light of that Spirit, convincing of sin, righteousness, and judgment, the sinner turns to God through Christ, and finds redemption in his blood, the remission of sins; then it is the office of that same Spirit to give him understanding of the great work that has been done in and for him; "for the Spirit itself (αυτο το Πνευμα, Romans 8:16, the same words in Greek as the Hebrew רוח היא ruach hi of Elihu) beareth witness with his spirit that he is a child of God." It is the same Spirit which sanctifies, the same Spirit that seals, and the same Spirit that lives and works in the believer, guiding him by his counsel till it leads him into glory. In this one saying, independently of the above paraphrase, Elihu spoke more sense and sound doctrine than all Job's friends did in the whole of the controversy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the inspiration

Job 4:12-21 Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and my ear received a little thereof...

Job 33:16 Then he opens the ears of men, and seals their instruction,

Job 35:11 Who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth, and makes us wiser than the fowls of heaven?

Job 38:36 Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given understanding to the heart?

Genesis 41:39 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, For as much as God has showed you all this, there is none so discreet and wise as you are:

1 Kings 3:12,28 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you a wise and an understanding heart...

1 Kings 4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he gives travail...

Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom...

Daniel 2:21 And he changes the times and the seasons: he removes kings, and sets up kings: he gives wisdom to the wise...

1 Corinthians 2:10-12 But God has revealed them to us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God...

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction...

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him.

Library
"For they that are after the Flesh do Mind,"
Rom. viii. s 5, 6.--"For they that are after the flesh do mind," &c. "For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace." There are many differences among men in this world, that, as to outward appearance, are great and wide, and indeed they are so eagerly pursued, and seriously minded by men, as if they were great and momentous. You see what a strife and contention there is among men, how to be extracted out of the dregs of the multitude, and set a little higher
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Its Meaning
Deliverance from the condemning sentence of the Divine Law is the fundamental blessing in Divine salvation: so long as we continue under the curse, we can neither be holy nor happy. But as to the precise nature of that deliverance, as to exactly what it consists of, as to the ground on which it is obtained, and as to the means whereby it is secured, much confusion now obtains. Most of the errors which have been prevalent on this subject arose from the lack of a clear view of the thing itself, and
Arthur W. Pink—The Doctrine of Justification

Cross References
Genesis 41:38
So Pharaoh asked them, "Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God?"

Job 12:13
"To God belong wisdom and power; counsel and understanding are his.

Job 27:3
as long as I have life within me, the breath of God in my nostrils,

Job 33:4
The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

Job 38:36
Who gives the ibis wisdom or gives the rooster understanding?

Proverbs 2:6
For the LORD gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
To the person who pleases him, God gives wisdom, knowledge and happiness, but to the sinner he gives the task of gathering and storing up wealth to hand it over to the one who pleases God. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind.

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