Job 34:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They die in an instant, in the middle of the night; the people are shaken and they pass away; the mighty are removed without human hand.

King James Bible
In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.

Darby Bible Translation
In a moment they die, even at midnight the people are convulsed and pass away; and the strong are taken away without hand.

World English Bible
In a moment they die, even at midnight. The people are shaken and pass away. The mighty are taken away without a hand.

Young's Literal Translation
In a moment they die, and at midnight Shake do people, and they pass away, And they remove the mighty without hand.

Job 34:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In a moment shall they die - Both are equally dependent on the Almighty for their breath and being; the mighty as well as the poor. If the great men of the earth have abused their power, he sometimes cuts them off by the most sudden and unexpected death; and even at midnight, when in security, and least capable of defense, they are cut off by the people whom they have oppressed, or by the invisible hand of the angel of death. This appears to be spoken in reference to Eastern tyrants, who seldom die a natural death.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a moment

Psalm 73:19 How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.

Isaiah 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall...

Isaiah 37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god...

Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

1 Thessalonians 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.

2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

troubled

Exodus 12:29,30 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt...

Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand...

Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom comes; go you out to meet him.

Luke 17:26-29 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man...

the mighty shall be taken away. Heb. they shall take away the mighty. without

1 Samuel 25:37-39 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things...

1 Samuel 26:10 David said furthermore, As the LORD lives, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle...

Isaiah 10:16-19 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness...

Isaiah 30:30-33 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger...

Daniel 2:34,44,45 You saw till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image on his feet that were of iron and clay...

Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power...

Library
July 15 Evening
The ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.--JOB 34:3. Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.--Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.--I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.--Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith.--He that is spiritual judgeth all things. Take heed what ye hear.--I know
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

Covenanting Confers Obligation.
As it has been shown that all duty, and that alone, ought to be vowed to God in covenant, it is manifest that what is lawfully engaged to in swearing by the name of God is enjoined in the moral law, and, because of the authority of that law, ought to be performed as a duty. But it is now to be proved that what is promised to God by vow or oath, ought to be performed also because of the act of Covenanting. The performance of that exercise is commanded, and the same law which enjoins that the duties
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Whether a Sin is Aggravated by Reason of the Condition of the Person against whom it is Committed?
Objection 1: It would seem that sin is not aggravated by reason of the condition of the person against whom it is committed. For if this were the case a sin would be aggravated chiefly by being committed against a just and holy man. But this does not aggravate a sin: because a virtuous man who bears a wrong with equanimity is less harmed by the wrong done him, than others, who, through being scandalized, are also hurt inwardly. Therefore the condition of the person against whom a sin is committed
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Predestination is Certain?
Objection 1: It seems that predestination is not certain. Because on the words "Hold fast that which thou hast, that no one take thy crown," (Rev 3:11), Augustine says (De Corr. et Grat. 15): "Another will not receive, unless this one were to lose it." Hence the crown which is the effect of predestination can be both acquired and lost. Therefore predestination cannot be certain. Objection 2: Further, granted what is possible, nothing impossible follows. But it is possible that one predestined---e.g.
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Exodus 12:29
At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.

Job 12:19
He leads priests away stripped and overthrows officials long established.

Job 27:20
Terrors overtake him like a flood; a tempest snatches him away in the night.

Job 34:25
Because he takes note of their deeds, he overthrows them in the night and they are crushed.

Job 36:20
Do not long for the night, to drag people away from their homes.

Daniel 8:25
He will cause deceit to prosper, and he will consider himself superior. When they feel secure, he will destroy many and take his stand against the Prince of princes. Yet he will be destroyed, but not by human power.

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