Job 4:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Can a mortal be more righteous than God? Can even a strong man be more pure than his Maker?

King James Bible
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

Darby Bible Translation
Shall [mortal] man be more just than +God? Shall a man be purer than his Maker?

World English Bible
'Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

Young's Literal Translation
'Is mortal man than God more righteous? Than his Maker is a man cleaner?

Job 4:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Shall mortal man - אנוש enosh; Greek βροτος poor, weak, dying man.

Be more just than God? - Or, האנוש מאלוה יצדק haenosh meeloah yitsdak; shall poor, weak, sinful man be justified before God?

Shall a man - גבר gaber, shall even the strong and mighty man, be pure before his Maker? Is any man, considered merely in and of himself, either holy in his conduct, or pure in his heart? No. He must be justified by the mercy of God, through an atoning sacrifice; he must be sanctified by the Holy Spirit of God, and thus made a partaker of the Divine nature. Then he is justified before God, and pure in the sight of his Maker: and this is a work which God himself alone can do; so the work is not man's work, but God's. It is false to infer, from the words of this spectre, (whether it came from heaven or hell, we know not, for its communication shows and rankles a wound, without providing a cure), that no man can be justified, and that no man can be purified, when God both justifies the ungodly, and sanctifies the unholy. The meaning can be no more than this: no man can make an atonement for his own sins, nor purify his own heart. Hence all boasting is for ever excluded. Of this Eliphaz believed Job to be guilty, as he appeared to talk of his righteousness and purity, as if they had been his own acquisition.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Shall mortal.

Job 8:3 Does God pervert judgment? or does the Almighty pervert justice?

Job 9:2 I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with God?

Job 35:2 Think you this to be right, that you said, My righteousness is more than God's?

Job 40:8 Will you also cancel my judgment? will you condemn me, that you may be righteous?

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked...

Psalm 143:2 And enter not into judgment with your servant: for in your sight shall no man living be justified.

Psalm 145:17 The LORD is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

Ecclesiastes 7:20 For there is not a just man on earth, that does good, and sins not.

Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous are you, O LORD, when I plead with you: yet let me talk with you of your judgments: Why does the way of the wicked prosper?...

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Romans 3:4-7 God forbid: yes, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That you might be justified in your sayings...

Romans 9:20 No but, O man, who are you that reply against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why have you made me thus?

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

shall a man.

Job 9:30,31 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean...

Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.

Job 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?

Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman?

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

Mark 7:20-23 And he said, That which comes out of the man, that defiles the man...

Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying...

Library
November 17 Evening
Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.--GAL. 6:7. They that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.--They have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind.--He that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption. To him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure reward.--He that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. As we have therefore opportunity, let
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

Whether the Contemplative Life is Continuous?
Objection 1: It would seem that the contemplative life is not continuous. For the contemplative life consists essentially in things pertaining to the intellect. Now all the intellectual perfections of this life will be made void, according to 1 Cor. 13:8, "Whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed." Therefore the contemplative life is made void. Objection 2: Further, a man tastes the sweetness of contemplation by snatches and for a short time only:
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Necessity of Contemplating the Judgment-Seat of God, in Order to be Seriously Convinced of the Doctrine of Gratuitous Justification.
1. Source of error on the subject of Justification. Sophists speak as if the question were to be discussed before some human tribunal. It relates to the majesty and justice of God. Hence nothing accepted without absolute perfection. Passages confirming this doctrine. If we descend to the righteousness of the Law, the curse immediately appears. 2. Source of hypocritical confidence. Illustrated by a simile. Exhortation. Testimony of Job, David, and Paul. 3. Confession of Augustine and Bernard. 4. Another
John Calvin—The Institutes of the Christian Religion

Certain Heavenly Secrets, visions, and Revelations. The Effects of them in Her Soul.
1. One night I was so unwell that I thought I might be excused making my prayer; so I took my rosary, that I might employ myself in vocal prayer, trying not to be recollected in my understanding, though outwardly I was recollected, being in my oratory. These little precautions are of no use when our Lord will have it otherwise. I remained there but a few moments thus, when I was rapt in spirit with such violence that I could make no resistance whatever. It seemed to me that I was taken up to heaven;
Teresa of Avila—The Life of St. Teresa of Jesus

Cross References
Job 4:16
It stopped, but I could not tell what it was. A form stood before my eyes, and I heard a hushed voice:

Job 9:2
"Indeed, I know that this is true. But how can mere mortals prove their innocence before God?

Job 25:4
How then can a mortal be righteous before God? How can one born of woman be pure?

Job 31:15
Did not he who made me in the womb make them? Did not the same one form us both within our mothers?

Job 32:22
for if I were skilled in flattery, my Maker would soon take me away.

Job 35:10
But no one says, 'Where is God my Maker, who gives songs in the night,

Job 36:3
I get my knowledge from afar; I will ascribe justice to my Maker.

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