Job 4:17
New International Version
Can a mortal be more righteous than God? Can even a strong man be more pure than his Maker?

New Living Translation
‘Can a mortal be innocent before God? Can anyone be pure before the Creator?’

English Standard Version
‘Can mortal man be in the right before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?

Berean Study Bible
‘Can a mortal be more righteous than God, or a man more pure than his Maker?

New American Standard Bible
'Can mankind be just before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?

King James Bible
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

Christian Standard Bible
"Can a mortal be righteous before God? Can a man be more pure than his Maker?"

Contemporary English Version
"No humans are innocent in the eyes of God their Creator.

Good News Translation
"Can anyone be righteous in the sight of God or be pure before his Creator?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Can a person be more righteous than God, or a man more pure than his Maker?"

International Standard Version
Can a mortal person be more righteous than God? Or can the purity of the valiant exceed that of his maker?'

NET Bible
"Is a mortal man righteous before God? Or a man pure before his Creator?

New Heart English Bible
'Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
'Can [any] mortal be righteous to God? Can [any] human being be pure to his maker?'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Shall mortal man be just before God? Shall a man be pure before his Maker?

New American Standard 1977
‘Can mankind be just before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his maker?

King James 2000 Bible
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

American King James Version
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

American Standard Version
Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
What, shall a mortal be pure before the Lord? or a man be blameless in regard to his works?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be more pure than his maker?

Darby Bible Translation
Shall [mortal] man be more just than +God? Shall a man be purer than his Maker?

English Revised Version
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

Webster's Bible Translation
Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

World English Bible
'Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

Young's Literal Translation
'Is mortal man than God more righteous? Than his Maker is a man cleaner?
Study Bible
Eliphaz: The Innocent Prosper
16It stood still, but I could not discern its appearance; a form loomed before my eyes, and I heard a whispering voice: 17‘Can a mortal be more righteous than God, or a man more pure than his Maker? 18If God puts no trust in His servants, and He charges His angels with error,…
Cross References
Job 4:16
It stood still, but I could not discern its appearance; a form loomed before my eyes, and I heard a whispering voice:

Job 9:2
"Yes, I know that it is so, but how can a mortal be righteous before God?

Job 25:4
How then can a man be just before God? How can one born of woman be pure?

Job 31:15
Did not He who made me in the womb also make them? Did not the same One form us in the womb?

Job 32:22
For I do not know how to flatter, or my Maker would remove me in an instant.

Job 35:10
But no one asks, 'Where is God my Maker, who gives us songs in the night,

Job 36:3
I get my knowledge from afar, and I will ascribe justice to my Maker.

Psalm 143:2
Do not bring Your servant into judgment, for no one alive is righteous before You.

Treasury of Scripture

Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?

Shall mortal.

Job 8:3
Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice?

Job 9:2
I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with God?

Job 35:2
Thinkest thou this to be right, that thou saidst, My righteousness is more than God's?

shall a man.

Job 9:30,31
If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; …

Job 14:4
Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.

Job 15:14
What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?







Lexicon
‘Can a [mortal]
הַֽ֭אֱנוֹשׁ (ha·’ĕ·nō·wōš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

be more righteous
יִצְדָּ֑ק (yiṣ·dāq)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6663: To be just or righteous

than God,
מֵאֱל֣וֹהַ (mê·’ĕ·lō·w·ha)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 433: God -- a deity, the Deity

or
אִ֥ם (’im)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

a man
גָּֽבֶר׃ (gā·ḇer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1397: A valiant man, warrior, a person simply

more pure
יִטְהַר־ (yiṭ·har-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2891: To be clean or pure

than his Maker?
מֵ֝עֹשֵׂ֗הוּ (mê·‘ō·śê·hū)
Preposition-m | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make
(17) Shall mortal man be more just than God?--This is the burden, or refrain, upon which the friends of Job are for ever harping. It is perfectly orthodox, but at the same time perfectly inadequate to deal with the necessities of Job's case. He is willing to admit that it is impossible for any man to be just with God; but then arises Job's dilemma, Where is God's justice if He punishes the innocent as the guilty? The word rendered "mortal" man is really weak, frail man, involving, it may be, the idea of mortality, but not immediately suggesting it. As far as mortality implies sin, the notion of being just is absurd; and even a strong man--such is the antithesis--cannot be more pure than He that made him, who, it is assumed, must be both strong and righteous.

Verse 17. - Shall mortal man be more just than God? Is it to be supposed that the ways of God can be rightly criticized and condemned by man? Surely not; for then man must be more penetrated with the spirit of justice than the Almighty. If our thoughts are not as God's thoughts, it must be, our thoughts that are wrong. Shall a man be more pure than his Maker? Equally impossible. God alone is absolutely pure. The best man must be conscious to himself, as Isaiah was (Isaiah 6:5), of uncleanness. 4:12-21 Eliphaz relates a vision. When we are communing with our own hearts, and are still, Ps 4:4, then is a time for the Holy Spirit to commune with us. This vision put him into very great fear. Ever since man sinned, it has been terrible to him to receive communications from Heaven, conscious that he can expect no good tidings thence. Sinful man! shall he pretend to be more just, more pure, than God, who being his Maker, is his Lord and Owner? How dreadful, then, the pride and presumption of man! How great the patience of God! Look upon man in his life. The very foundation of that cottage of clay in which man dwells, is in the dust, and it will sink with its own weight. We stand but upon the dust. Some have a higher heap of dust to stand upon than others but still it is the earth that stays us up, and will shortly swallow us up. Man is soon crushed; or if some lingering distemper, which consumes like a moth, be sent to destroy him, he cannot resist it. Shall such a creature pretend to blame the appointments of God? Look upon man in his death. Life is short, and in a little time men are cut off. Beauty, strength, learning, not only cannot secure them from death, but these things die with them; nor shall their pomp, their wealth, or power, continue after them. Shall a weak, sinful, dying creature, pretend to be more just than God, and more pure than his Maker? No: instead of quarrelling with his afflictions, let him wonder that he is out of hell. Can a man be cleansed without his Maker? Will God justify sinful mortals, and clear them from guilt? or will he do so without their having an interest in the righteousness and gracious help of their promised Redeemer, when angels, once ministering spirits before his throne, receive the just recompence of their sins? Notwithstanding the seeming impunity of men for a short time, though living without God in the world, their doom is as certain as that of the fallen angels, and is continually overtaking them. Yet careless sinners note it so little, that they expect not the change, nor are wise to consider their latter end.
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OT Poetry: Job 4:17 Shall mortal man be more just than (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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