Job 5:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Resentment kills a fool, and envy slays the simple.

King James Bible
For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.

Darby Bible Translation
For vexation killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the simple.

World English Bible
For resentment kills the foolish man, and jealousy kills the simple.

Young's Literal Translation
For provocation slayeth the perverse, And envy putteth to death the simple,

Job 5:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For wrath killeth the foolish man - Foolish, silly, and simple, are epithets given by Solomon to sinners and transgressors of all kinds. Such parallelisms have afforded a presumptive argument that Solomon was the author of this book. See the preface. The words of Eliphaz may be considered as a sort of maxim, which the wisdom and experience of ages had served to establish; viz., The wrath of God is manifested only against the wicked and impious; and if thou wert not such, God would not thus contend with thee.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wrath.

Job 18:4 He tears himself in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for you? and shall the rock be removed out of his place?

Jonah 4:9 And God said to Jonah, Do you well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, even to death.

the foolish.

Psalm 14:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that does good.

Psalm 75:4 I said to the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn:

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Psalm 107:17 Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

Proverbs 1:22,23 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge...

Proverbs 8:5 O you simple, understand wisdom: and, you fools, be you of an understanding heart.

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

envy. or, indignation.

Genesis 30:1 And when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said to Jacob, Give me children, or else I die.

1 Samuel 18:8,9 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands...

Romans 2:8 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,

one.

Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.

2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

Library
December 3 Morning
I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause.--JOB 5:8. Is anything too hard for the Lord?--Commit thy way unto the Lord; trust also in him; and he shall bring it to pass.--Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.--Casting all your care upon him, for he careth for you. Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the Lord, and
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

"There is Therefore Now no Condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who Walk not after the Flesh, but after the Spirit. "
Rom. viii. 1.--"There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit." There are three things which concur to make man miserable,--sin, condemnation, and affliction. Every one may observe that "man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward," that his days here are few and evil. He possesses "months of vanity, and wearisome nights are appointed" for him. Job v. 6, 7, vii. 3. He "is of few days and full of trouble," Job xiv.
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Whether Envy is a Mortal Sin?
Objection 1: It would seem that envy is not a mortal sin. For since envy is a kind of sorrow, it is a passion of the sensitive appetite. Now there is no mortal sin in the sensuality, but only in the reason, as Augustine declares (De Trin. xii, 12) [*Cf. [2644]FS, Q[74], A[4]]. Therefore envy is not a mortal sin. Objection 2: Further, there cannot be mortal sin in infants. But envy can be in them, for Augustine says (Confess. i): "I myself have seen and known even a baby envious, it could not speak,
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether all Anger is a Mortal Sin?
Objection 1: It would seem that all anger is a mortal sin. For it is written (Job 5:2): "Anger killeth the foolish man [*Vulg.: 'Anger indeed killeth the foolish']," and he speaks of the spiritual killing, whence mortal sin takes its name. Therefore all anger is a mortal sin. Objection 2: Further, nothing save mortal sin is deserving of eternal condemnation. Now anger deserves eternal condemnation; for our Lord said (Mat. 5:22): "Whosoever is angry with his brother shall be in danger of the judgment":
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Proverbs 12:16
Fools show their annoyance at once, but the prudent overlook an insult.

Proverbs 27:3
Stone is heavy and sand a burden, but a fool's provocation is heavier than both.

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