Joel 2:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Rend your heart and not your garments. Return to the LORD your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love, and he relents from sending calamity.

King James Bible
And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.

Darby Bible Translation
and rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto Jehovah your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great loving-kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.

World English Bible
Tear your heart, and not your garments, and turn to Yahweh, your God; for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abundant in loving kindness, and relents from sending calamity.

Young's Literal Translation
And rend your heart, and not your garments, And turn back unto Jehovah your God, For gracious and merciful is He, Slow to anger, and abundant in kindness, And He hath repented concerning the evil.

Joel 2:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Rend your heart - Let it not be merely a rending of your garments, but let your hearts be truly contrite. Merely external worship and hypocritical pretensions will only increase the evil, and cause God to meet you with heavier judgments.

For he is gracious - Good and benevolent in his own nature.

Merciful - Pitying and forgiving, as the effect of goodness and benevolence.

Slow to anger - He is not easily provoked to punish, because he is gracious and merciful.

Of great kindness - Exuberant goodness to all them that return to him.

And repenteth him of the evil - Is ever ready to change his purpose to destroy, when he finds the culprit willing to be saved. See the notes on Exodus 34:6, Exodus 34:7.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rend. Here the word rend is used only once, but with two significations; in the former sentence it is used figuratively; in the latter literally--the heart not being rent in the same sense in which garments are rent.

2 Kings 22:19 Because your heart was tender, and you have humbled yourself before the LORD, when you heard what I spoke against this place...

Psalm 34:18 The LORD is near to them that are of a broken heart; and saves such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalm 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Ezekiel 9:4 And the LORD said to him, Go through the middle of the city, through the middle of Jerusalem...

Matthew 5:3,4 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven...

your garments.

Genesis 37:29,34 And Reuben returned to the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes...

2 Samuel 1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

1 Kings 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth on his flesh, and fasted...

2 Kings 5:7 And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God...

2 Kings 6:30 And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; and he passed by on the wall...

2 Kings 22:11 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes.

Job 1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down on the ground, and worshipped,

Isaiah 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush...

Matthew 6:16-18 Moreover when you fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces...

1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profits little: but godliness is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is...

for.

Exodus 34:6,7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering...

Numbers 14:18 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty...

Psalm 86:5,15 For you, Lord, are good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy to all them that call on you...

Psalm 145:7-9 They shall abundantly utter the memory of your great goodness, and shall sing of your righteousness...

Jonah 4:2 And he prayed to the LORD, and said, I pray you, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country?...

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?...

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...

Ephesians 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us,

slow.

Nehemiah 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of your wonders that you did among them; but hardened their necks...

Psalm 103:8 The LORD is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.

Nahum 1:3 The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked...

James 1:19,20 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath...

and repenteth.

Psalm 106:45 And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.

Jeremiah 18:7,8 At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it...

Amos 7:2-6 And it came to pass, that when they had made an end of eating the grass of the land, then I said, O Lord GOD, forgive, I beseech you...

Jonah 4:2 And he prayed to the LORD, and said, I pray you, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country?...

Library
December 16. "I Will Restore to You the Years that the Locust Hath Eaten, the Canker Worm and the Caterpillar and the Palmer Worm, My Great Army, which I Sent among You" (Joel ii. 25).
"I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the canker worm and the caterpillar and the palmer worm, my great army, which I sent among you" (Joel ii. 25). A friend said to me once: "I have got to reap what I sowed, for God has said: 'Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.' Then why don't you apply this in the spiritual world, and compel the sinner to pay the penalty of his sins?" Christ has borne this penalty, and the same Christ has borne the natural penalties, too, and
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Distinction Between Exterior and Interior Actions --Those of the Soul in this Condition are Interior, but Habitual, Continued, Direct, Profound, Simple, and Imperceptible --Being a Continual
The actions of men are either exterior or interior. The exterior are those which appear outwardly, and have a sensible object, possessing neither good nor evil qualities, excepting as they receive them from the interior principle in which they originate. It is not of these that I intend to speak, but only of interior actions, which are those actions of the soul by which it applies itself inwardly to some object, or turns away from some other. When, being applied to God, I desire to commit an
Jeanne Marie Bouvières—A Short Method Of Prayer And Spiritual Torrents

Whether all are Bound to Keep the Fasts of the Church?
Objection 1: It would seem that all are bound to keep the fasts of the Church. For the commandments of the Church are binding even as the commandments of God, according to Lk. 10:16, "He that heareth you heareth Me." Now all are bound to keep the commandments of God. Therefore in like manner all are bound to keep the fasts appointed by the Church. Objection 2: Further, children especially are seemingly not exempt from fasting, on account of their age: for it is written (Joel 2:15): "Sanctify a fast,"
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Christ had any Acquired Knowledge?
Objection 1: It would seem that in Christ there was no empiric and acquired knowledge. For whatever befitted Christ, He had most perfectly. Now Christ did not possess acquired knowledge most perfectly, since He did not devote Himself to the study of letters, by which knowledge is acquired in its perfection; for it is said (Jn. 7:15): "The Jews wondered, saying: How doth this Man know letters, having never learned?" Therefore it seems that in Christ there was no acquired knowledge. Objection 2: Further,
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Genesis 37:34
Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days.

Exodus 34:6
And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, "The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness,

2 Samuel 1:11
Then David and all the men with him took hold of their clothes and tore them.

Job 1:20
At this, Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head. Then he fell to the ground in worship

Psalm 34:18
The LORD is close to the brokenhearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit.

Psalm 51:17
My sacrifice, O God, is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart you, God, will not despise.

Psalm 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you.

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