New International Version
during the high-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.
King James Bible
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
Darby Bible Translation
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, [the] word of God came upon John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.
World English Bible
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.
Young's Literal Translation
Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests -- there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness,
Luke 3:2 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests - Caiaphas was the son-in-law of Annas or Ananias, and it is supposed that they exercised the high priest's office by turns. It is likely that Annas only was considered as high priest; and that Caiaphas was what the Hebrews termed כהן משנה cohen mishneh, or סגן כהנים sagan cohanim, the high priest's deputy, or ruler of the temple. See the note on Matthew 2:4, and on John 18:13.
The facts which St. Luke mentions here tend much to confirm the truth of the evangelical history. Christianity differs widely from philosophic system; it is founded in the goodness and authority of God; and attested by historic facts. It differs also from popular tradition, which either has had no pure origin, or which is lost in unknown or fabulous antiquity. It differs also from pagan and Mohammedan revelations, which were fabricated in a corner, and had no witnesses. In the above verses we find the persons, the places, and the times marked with the utmost exactness. It was under the first Caesars that the preaching of the Gospel took place; and in their time, the facts on which the whole of Christianity is founded made their appearance: an age the most enlightened, and best known from the multitude of its historic records. It was in Judea, where every thing that professed to come from God was scrutinized with the most exact and unmerciful criticism. In writing the history of Christianity, the evangelists appeal to certain facts which were publicly transacted in such places, under the government and inspection of such and such persons, and in such particular times. A thousand persons could have confronted the falsehood, had it been one! These appeals are made - a challenge is offered to the Roman government, and to the Jewish rulers and people - a new religion has been introduced in such a place, at such a time - this has been accompanied with such and such facts and miracles! Who can disprove this? All are silent. None appears to offer even an objection. The cause of infidelity and irreligion is at stake! If these facts cannot be disproved, the religion of Christ must triumph. None appears because none could appear. Now let it be observed, that the persons of that time, only, could confute these things had they been false; they never attempted it; therefore these facts are absolute and incontrovertible truths: this conclusion is necessary. Shall a man then give up his faith in such attested facts as these, because, more than a thousand years after, an infidel creeps out, and ventures publicly to sneer at what his iniquitous soul hopes is not true!
The word of God came unto John - That is, the Holy Spirit that revealed to him this doctrine of salvation. This came upon him in the desert, where he was living in such a state of austerity as gave him full right to preach all the rigours of penitence to others. Thus we find that the first preachers, historians, and followers of the doctrines of the Gospel were men eminent for the austerity of their lives, the simplicity of their manners, and the sanctity of their conduct; they were authorized by God, and filled with the most precious gifts of his Spirit. And what are the apostles which the new philosophy sends us? Philosophers full of themselves, not guided by the love of truth or wisdom, but ever seeking their own glory; in constant hostility among themselves, because of their separate pretensions to particular discoveries, of the honor of which they would almost as soon lose life as be deprived. Who are they? Men of a mortified life and unblamable conversation? No, they are poets and poetasters; composers of romances, novels, intrigues, farces, comedies, etc., full of extravagance and impurity. They are pretended moralists that preach up pleasure and sensual gratification, and dissolve, as far as they can, the sacred and civil ties that unite and support society. They are men whose guilt is heightened by their assuming the sacred name of philosophers, and dignifying their impure system with a name at which Philosophy herself blushes and bleeds.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibrarySt John the Baptist
Chester Cathedral. 1872. St Luke iii. 2, 3, 7, 9-14. "The Word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. . . . Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance. . . . And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the …
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons
John's Rebuke of Herod.
A New Age and New Standards
In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,
as it is written in Isaiah the prophet: "I will send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way" --
"a voice of one calling in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.'"
and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.
Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
Annas the high priest was there, and so were Caiaphas, John, Alexander and others of the high priest's family.
Jump to PreviousAbilene Annas Caesar Caiaphas Ca'iaphas Desert Fifteenth Galilee Governor Herod High High-Priesthood Ituraea John Judaea Lysanias Philip Pilate Pontius Priesthood Priests Reign Tetrarch Tiberius Trachonitis Wilderness Word Zacharias Zechariah Zechari'ah
Jump to NextAbilene Annas Caesar Caiaphas Ca'iaphas Desert Fifteenth Galilee Governor Herod High High-Priesthood Ituraea John Judaea Lysanias Philip Pilate Pontius Priesthood Priests Reign Tetrarch Tiberius Trachonitis Wilderness Word Zacharias Zechariah Zechari'ah
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