Luke 3:2
Parallel Verses
New Living Translation
Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time a message from God came to John son of Zechariah, who was living in the wilderness.

King James Bible
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Darby Bible Translation
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came upon John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

World English Bible
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

Young's Literal Translation
Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests -- there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness,

Luke 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Wesley's Notes on the Bible

3:2 Annas being high priest, and Caiaphas - There could be but one high priest, strictly speaking, at once. Annas was the high priest at that time, and Caiaphas his sagan or deputy.

Luke 3:2 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Appendix vii. On the Date of the Nativity of Our Lord
So much, that is generally accessible, has of late been written on this subject, and such accord exists on the general question, that only the briefest statement seems requisite in this place, the space at our command being necessarily reserved for subjects which have either not been treated of by previous writers, or in a manner or form that seemed to make a fresh investigation desirable. At the outset it must be admitted, that absolute certainty is impossible as to the exact date of Christ's Nativity
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Fate of the Enemies of Jesus.
According to the calculation we adopt, the death of Jesus happened in the year 33 of our era.[1] It could not, at all events, be either before the year 29, the preaching of John and Jesus having commenced in the year 28,[2] or after the year 35, since in the year 36, and probably before the passover, Pilate and Kaiapha both lost their offices.[3] The death of Jesus appears, moreover, to have had no connection whatever with these two removals.[4] In his retirement, Pilate probably never dreamt for
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

Jesus at Capernaum.
Beset by an idea, gradually becoming more and more imperious and exclusive, Jesus proceeds henceforth with a kind of fatal impassibility in the path marked out by his astonishing genius and the extraordinary circumstances in which he lived. Hitherto he had only communicated his thoughts to a few persons secretly attracted to him; henceforward his teaching was sought after by the public. He was about thirty years of age.[1] The little group of hearers who had accompanied him to John the Baptist had,
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

The Distinction of the Holy Spirit from the Father and from his Son, Jesus Christ.
We have seen thus far that the Holy Spirit is a Person and a Divine Person. And now another question arises, Is He as a Person separate and distinct from the Father and from the Son? One who carefully studies the New Testament statements cannot but discover that beyond a question He is. We read in Luke iii. 21, 22, "Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, and the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Matthew 3:1
In those days John the Baptist came to the Judean wilderness and began preaching. His message was,

Matthew 26:3
At that same time the leading priests and elders were meeting at the residence of Caiaphas, the high priest,

Mark 1:2
just as the prophet Isaiah had written: "Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, and he will prepare your way.

Mark 1:3
He is a voice shouting in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way for the LORD's coming! Clear the road for him!'"

John 18:13
First they took him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time.

John 18:24
Then Annas bound Jesus and sent him to Caiaphas, the high priest.

Acts 4:6
Annas the high priest was there, along with Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and other relatives of the high priest.

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Abilene Annas Caesar Caiaphas Ca'iaphas Desert Fifteenth Galilee Governor Herod High High-Priesthood Ituraea John Judaea Lysanias Philip Pilate Pontius Priesthood Priests Reign Tetrarch Tiberius Trachonitis Wilderness Word Zacharias Zechariah Zechari'ah
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Abilene Annas Caesar Caiaphas Ca'iaphas Desert Fifteenth Galilee Governor Herod High High-Priesthood Ituraea John Judaea Lysanias Philip Pilate Pontius Priesthood Priests Reign Tetrarch Tiberius Trachonitis Wilderness Word Zacharias Zechariah Zechari'ah
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