Matthew 2:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and asked, "Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him."

King James Bible
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

Darby Bible Translation
Where is the king of the Jews that has been born? for we have seen his star in the east, and have come to do him homage.

World English Bible
"Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we saw his star in the east, and have come to worship him."

Young's Literal Translation
saying, 'Where is he who was born king of the Jews? for we saw his star in the east, and we came to bow to him.'

Matthew 2:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

We have seen his star - Having discovered an unusual luminous appearance or meteor in the heavens, supposing these persons to have been Jews, and knowing the prophecies relative to the redemption of Israel, they probably considered this to be the star mentioned by Balaam, Numbers 24:17. See the note there.

In the east - Εν τη ανατολη, At its rise. Ανατολη and δυσμη are used in the New Testament for east and west.

To worship him - Or, To do him homage; προσκυνησαι αυτω. The word προσκυνεω, which is compounded of προς, to, and κυων, a dog, signifies to crouch and fawn like a dog at his master's feet. It means, to prostrate oneself to another, according to the eastern custom, which is still in use. In this act, the person kneels, and puts his head between his knees, his forehead at the same time touching the ground. It was used to express both civil and religious reverence. In Hindostan, religious homage is paid by prostrating the body at full length, so that the two knees, the two hands, forehead, nose, and cheeks all touch the earth at the same time. This kind of homage is paid also to great men. Ayeen Akbery, vol. iii. p. 227.

As to what is here called a star, some make it a meteor, others a luminous appearance like an Aurora Borealis; others a comet! There is no doubt, the appearance was very striking: but it seems to have been a simple meteor provided for the occasion. See on Matthew 2:9 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

born.

Matthew 21:5 Tell you the daughter of Sion, Behold, your King comes to you, meek, and sitting on an donkey, and a colt the foal of an donkey.

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful...

Isaiah 32:1,2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment...

Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: he is just...

Luke 2:11 For to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.

Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that comes in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

Luke 23:3,38 And Pilate asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, You say it...

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and said to him, Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel.

John 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna...

John 18:37 Pilate therefore said to him, Are you a king then? Jesus answered, You say that I am a king. To this end was I born...

John 19:12-15,19 And from thereafter Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If you let this man go, you are not Caesar's friend...

his.

Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not near: there shall come a Star out of Jacob...

Isaiah 60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising.

Luke 1:78,79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high has visited us...

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David...

worship.

Matthew 2:10,11 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy...

Psalm 45:11 So shall the king greatly desire your beauty: for he is your Lord; and worship you him.

John 5:23 That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honors not the Son honors not the Father which has sent him.

John 9:38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.

John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said to him, My LORD and my God.

Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he brings in the first-begotten into the world, he said, And let all the angels of God worship him.

Library
The First-Fruits of the Gentiles
'Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, 2. Saying, Where is He that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen His star in the east, and are come to worship Him. 3. When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4. And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. 5. And they said
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

History of the Interpretation.
1. AMONG THE JEWS. This History, as to its essential features, might, a priori, be sketched with tolerable certainty. From the nature of the case, we could scarcely expect that the Jews should have adopted views altogether erroneous as to the subject of the prophecy in question; for the Messiah appears in it, not in His humiliation, but in His glory--rich in gifts and blessings, and Pelagian self-delusion will, a priori, return an affirmative answer to the question as to whether one is
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Chronology of the Life of Christ.
See the Lit. in §14, p. 98, especially Browne, Wieseler, Zumpt, Andrews, and Keim We briefly consider the chronological dates of the life of Christ. I. The Year of the Nativity.--This must be ascertained by historical and chronological research, since there is no certain and harmonious tradition on the subject. Our Christians aera, which was introduced by the Roman abbot Dionysius Exiguus, in the sixth century, and came into general use two centuries later, during the reign of Charlemagne, puts
Philip Schaff—History of the Christian Church, Volume I

Heathenism.
Literature. I. Sources. The works of the Greek and Roman Classics from Homer to Virgil and the age of the Antonines. The monuments of Antiquity. The writings of the early Christian Apologists, especially Justin Martyr: Apologia I. and II.; Tertullian: Apologeticus; Minucius Felix: Octavius; Eusebius: Praeparatio Evangelica; and Augustine (d. 430): De Civitate Dei (the first ten books). II. Later Works. Is. Vossius: De theologia gentili et physiolog. Christ. Frcf. 1675, 2 vols. Creuzer (d. 1858):
Philip Schaff—History of the Christian Church, Volume I

Cross References
Numbers 24:17
"I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob; a scepter will rise out of Israel. He will crush the foreheads of Moab, the skulls of all the people of Sheth.

Jeremiah 23:5
"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.

Jeremiah 30:9
Instead, they will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.

Zechariah 9:9
Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion! Shout, Daughter Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and victorious, lowly and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

Matthew 2:3
When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him.

Matthew 27:11
Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "You have said so," Jesus replied.

Luke 19:38
"Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"

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