Matthew 23:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes the gift sacred?

King James Bible
Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift?

Darby Bible Translation
[Fools and] blind ones, for which is greater, the gift, or the altar which sanctifies the gift?

World English Bible
You blind fools! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift?

Young's Literal Translation
Fools and blind! for which is greater, the gift, or the altar that is sanctifying the gift?

Matthew 23:19 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Whosoever shall swear by the gold - The covetous man, says one, still gives preference to the object of his lust; gold has still the first place in his heart. A man is to be suspected when he recommends those good works most from which he receives most advantage.

Is bound thereby, i.e. to fulfill his oath.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

or.

Exodus 29:37 Seven days you shall make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy...

Exodus 30:29 And you shall sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatever touches them shall be holy.

Library
The Morality of the Gospel.
Is stating the morality of the Gospel as an argument of its truth, I am willing to admit two points; first, that the teaching of morality was not the primary design of the mission; secondly, that morality, neither in the Gospel, nor in any other book, can be a subject, properly speaking, of discovery. If I were to describe in a very few words the scope of Christianity as a revelation, [49] I should say that it was to influence the conduct of human life, by establishing the proof of a future state
William Paley—Evidences of Christianity

First Attempts on Jerusalem.
Jesus, almost every year, went to Jerusalem for the feast of the passover. The details of these journeys are little known, for the synoptics do not speak of them,[1] and the notes of the fourth Gospel are very confused on this point.[2] It was, it appears, in the year 31, and certainly after the death of John, that the most important of the visits of Jesus to Jerusalem took place. Many of the disciples followed him. Although Jesus attached from that time little value to the pilgrimage, he conformed
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

On Attending the Church Service
"The sin of the young men was very great." 1 Sam. 2:17. 1. The corruption, not only of the heathen world, but likewise of them that were called Christians, has been matter of sorrow and lamentation to pious men, almost from the time of the apostles. And hence, as early as the second century, within a hundred years of St. John's removal from the earth, men who were afraid of being partakers of other men's sins, thought it their duty to separate from them. Hence, in every age many have retired from
John Wesley—Sermons on Several Occasions

Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus.
Jesus passed the autumn and a part of the winter at Jerusalem. This season is there rather cold. The portico of Solomon, with its covered aisles, was the place where he habitually walked.[1] This portico consisted of two galleries, formed by three rows of columns, and covered by a ceiling of carved wood.[2] It commanded the valley of Kedron, which was doubtless less covered with debris than it is at the present time. The depth of the ravine could not be measured, from the height of the portico; and
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

Cross References
Exodus 29:37
For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. Then the altar will be most holy, and whatever touches it will be holy.

Haggai 2:12
If someone carries consecrated meat in the fold of their garment, and that fold touches some bread or stew, some wine, olive oil or other food, does it become consecrated?'" The priests answered, "No."

Matthew 23:17
You blind fools! Which is greater: the gold, or the temple that makes the gold sacred?

Matthew 23:18
You also say, 'If anyone swears by the altar, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gift on the altar is bound by that oath.'

Matthew 23:20
Therefore, anyone who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

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