Nahum 3:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
King of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your nobles lie down to rest. Your people are scattered on the mountains with no one to gather them.

King James Bible
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.

Darby Bible Translation
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria; thy nobles lie still; thy people are scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.

World English Bible
Your shepherds slumber, king of Assyria. Your nobles lie down. Your people are scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to gather them.

Young's Literal Translation
Slumbered have thy friends, king of Asshur, Rest do thine honourable ones, Scattered have been thy people on the mountains, And there is none gathering.

Nahum 3:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thy shepherds slumber - That is, the rulers and tributary princes, who, as Herodotus informs us, deserted Nineveh in the day of her distress, and came not forward to her succor.

Diodorus Siculus says, lib. ii., when the enemy shut up the king in the city, many nations revolted, each going over to the besiegers, for the sake of their liberty; that the king despatched messengers to all his subjects, requiring power from them to succor him; and that he thought himself able to endure the siege, and remained in expectation of armies which were to be raised throughout his empire, relying on the oracle that the city would not be taken till the river became its enemy. See the note on Nahum 2:6.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thy shepherds. That is, the rulers and tributary princes, who, as Herodotus informs us, deserted Nineveh in the day of her distress, and came not to her succour. Diodorus also says, that when the enemy shut up the king in the city, many nations revolted; each going over to the besiegers for the sake of their liberty; that the king despatched messengers to all his subjects, requiring power from them to succour him, and that he thought himself able to endure the siege, and remained in expectation of armies which were to be raised throughout his empire, relying on the oracle, that the city would not be taken till the river became its enemy. See on ch.

Nahum 2:6 The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

Exodus 15:16 Fear and dread shall fall on them; by the greatness of your arm they shall be as still as a stone; till your people pass over, O LORD...

Psalm 76:5,6 The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands...

Isaiah 56:9,10 All you beasts of the field, come to devour, yes, all you beasts in the forest...

Jeremiah 51:39,57 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake...

O King.

Jeremiah 50:18 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land...

Ezekiel 31:3-18 Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature...

Ezekiel 32:22,23 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword...

nobles. or, valiant ones.

Isaiah 47:1 Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: there is no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans...

Revelation 6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

thy people.

1 Kings 22:17 And he said, I saw all Israel scattered on the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master...

Isaiah 13:14 And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man takes up: they shall every man turn to his own people...

Library
"Nineveh, that Great City"
Among the cities of the ancient world in the days of divided Israel one of the greatest was Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian realm. Founded on the fertile bank of the Tigris, soon after the dispersion from the tower of Babel, it had flourished through the centuries until it had become "an exceeding great city of three days' journey." Jonah 3:3. In the time of its temporal prosperity Nineveh was a center of crime and wickedness. Inspiration has characterized it as "the bloody city, . . . full
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
1 Kings 22:17
Then Micaiah answered, "I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd, and the LORD said, 'These people have no master. Let each one go home in peace.'"

Psalm 76:5
The valiant lie plundered, they sleep their last sleep; not one of the warriors can lift his hands.

Psalm 76:6
At your rebuke, God of Jacob, both horse and chariot lie still.

Isaiah 13:14
Like a hunted gazelle, like sheep without a shepherd, they will all return to their own people, they will flee to their native land.

Isaiah 56:10
Israel's watchmen are blind, they all lack knowledge; they are all mute dogs, they cannot bark; they lie around and dream, they love to sleep.

Jeremiah 50:18
Therefore this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: "I will punish the king of Babylon and his land as I punished the king of Assyria.

Jeremiah 51:57
I will make her officials and wise men drunk, her governors, officers and warriors as well; they will sleep forever and not awake," declares the King, whose name is the LORD Almighty.

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Asshur Assyria Dust Dwell Flock Friends Gather Gathereth Gathering Honourable Keepers Lie Mountains Nobles Ones Rest Scattered Shepherds Sleeping Slumber Slumbered Sorrow Strong Together Wandering Worthies
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