Nahum 3:18
New International Version
King of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your nobles lie down to rest. Your people are scattered on the mountains with no one to gather them.

New Living Translation
Your shepherds are asleep, O Assyrian king; your princes lie dead in the dust. Your people are scattered across the mountains with no one to gather them together.

English Standard Version
Your shepherds are asleep, O king of Assyria; your nobles slumber. Your people are scattered on the mountains with none to gather them.

Berean Study Bible
O king of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your officers sleep. Your people are scattered on the mountains with no one to gather them.

King James Bible
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.

New King James Version
Your shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria; Your nobles rest in the dust. Your people are scattered on the mountains, And no one gathers them.

New American Standard Bible
Your shepherds are sleeping, O king of Assyria; Your officers are lying down. Your people are scattered on the mountains And there is no one to gather them.

NASB 1995
Your shepherds are sleeping, O king of Assyria; Your nobles are lying down. Your people are scattered on the mountains And there is no one to regather them.

NASB 1977
Your shepherds are sleeping, O king of Assyria; Your nobles are lying down. Your people are scattered on the mountains, And there is no one to regather them.

Amplified Bible
Your shepherds are asleep, O king of Assyria; Your nobles are lying down [in death]. Your people are scattered on the mountains And there is no one to gather them.

Christian Standard Bible
King of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your officers sleep. Your people are scattered across the mountains with no one to gather them together.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
King of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your officers sleep. Your people are scattered across the mountains with no one to gather them together.

American Standard Version
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria; thy nobles are at rest; thy people are scattered upon the mountains, and there is none to gather them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Your neighbors slumber, King of Assyria, and your associates have disbanded, your people are scattered on the mountains and there is none gathering them

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thy shepherds have slumbered, the Assyrian king has laid low thy mighty men: thy people departed to the mountains, and there was none to receive them.

Contemporary English Version
King of Assyria, your officials and leaders are sound asleep, while your people are scattered in the mountains. Yes, your people are sheep without a shepherd.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy shepherds have slumbered, O king of Assyria, thy princes shall be buried: thy people are hid in the mountains, and there is none to gather them together.

English Revised Version
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy worthies are at rest: thy people are scattered upon the mountains, and there is none to gather them.

Good News Translation
Emperor of Assyria, your governors are dead, and your noblemen are asleep forever! Your people are scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to bring them home again.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your shepherds, king of Assyria, have fallen into a deep sleep. Your best fighting men are at rest. Your people are scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to gather them.

International Standard Version
Hey king of Assyria! Your shepherds are asleep and your nobles are lying down! Your people lie scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to gather them together.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria, Thy worthies are at rest; Thy people are scattered upon the mountains, And there is none to gather them.

Literal Standard Version
Your friends have slumbered, king of Asshur, Your majestic ones rest, Your people have been scattered on the mountains, And there is none gathering.

NET Bible
Your shepherds are sleeping, O king of Assyria! Your officers are slumbering! Your people are scattered like sheep on the mountains and there is no one to regather them!

New Heart English Bible
Your shepherds slumber, king of Assyria. Your nobles lie down. Your people are scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to gather them.

World English Bible
Your shepherds slumber, king of Assyria. Your nobles lie down. Your people are scattered on the mountains, and there is no one to gather them.

Young's Literal Translation
Slumbered have thy friends, king of Asshur, Rest do thine honourable ones, Scattered have been thy people on the mountains, And there is none gathering.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Judgment Against Nineveh
17Your guards are like the swarming locust, and your scribes like clouds of locusts that settle on the walls on a cold day. When the sun rises, they fly away, and no one knows where. 18O king of Assyria, your shepherds slumber; your officers sleep. Your people are scattered on the mountains with no one to gather them. 19There is no healing for your injury; your wound is severe. All who hear the news of you applaud your downfall, for who has not experienced your constant cruelty?…

Cross References
1 Kings 22:17
So Micaiah declared: "I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd. And the LORD said, 'These people have no master; let each one return home in peace.'"

Psalm 76:5
The valiant lie plundered; they sleep their last sleep. No men of might could lift a hand.

Psalm 76:6
At Your rebuke, O God of Jacob, both horse and rider lie stunned.

Isaiah 13:14
Like a hunted gazelle, like a sheep without a shepherd, each will return to his own people, each will flee to his native land.

Isaiah 56:10
Israel's watchmen are blind, they are all oblivious; they are all mute dogs, they cannot bark; they are dreamers lying around, loving to slumber.

Jeremiah 50:18
Therefore this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: "I will punish the king of Babylon and his land as I punished the king of Assyria.

Jeremiah 51:57
I will make her princes and wise men drunk, along with her governors, officials, and warriors. Then they will fall asleep forever and not wake up," declares the King, whose name is the LORD of Hosts.


Treasury of Scripture

Your shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: your nobles shall dwell in the dust: your people is scattered on the mountains, and no man gathers them.

Thy shepherds.

Nahum 2:6
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

Exodus 15:16
Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.

Psalm 76:5,6
The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands…

O King.

Jeremiah 50:18
Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land, as I have punished the king of Assyria.

Ezekiel 31:3-18
Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs…

Ezekiel 32:22,23
Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword: …

nobles.

Isaiah 47:1
Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: there is no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate.

Revelation 6:15
And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

thy people.

1 Kings 22:17
And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace.

Isaiah 13:14
And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up: they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land.









(18) Shepherds--i.e., chief officers, as in Micah 5:2 and passim. Their sheep are "scattered upon the mountains and none attempts to gather them." So Micaiah announces to Ahab, "I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills as sheep that have not a shepherd" (1Kings 22:17).

Thy nobles shall dwell.--Better, thy mighty men are lying still.

Verse 18. - Thy shepherds. The princes and counsellors, on whom the safety of the state depends. Slumber. Sleep the sleep of death - slain in the war (Psalm 76:6). O King of Assyria. The power and evil of Nineveh personified, not any particular king. Shall dwell in the dust; are lying, or are at rest, in death; Septuagint, Ἐκοίμισε τοὺς δυνάστας σου, "Put to sleep thy mighty men" (comp. Euripides, 'Hec.,' 473, where κοιμίζειν is used in the sense of "to slay"): Vulgate, sepelientur. Is scattered upon the mountains. Their shepherds being dead, the flock, the herd of common people, is scattered abroad and perishes, because no man gathereth them - there is no one to collect them. "The mountains" referred to are those which shut in Assyria on the north.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
O king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

of Assyria,
אַשּׁ֔וּר (’aš·šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 804: Ashshur

your shepherds
רֹעֶ֙יךָ֙ (rō·‘e·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 7462: To tend a, flock, pasture it, in, to graze, to rule, to associate with

slumber;
נָמ֤וּ (nā·mū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5123: To be drowsy, slumber

your officers
אַדִּירֶ֑יךָ (’ad·dî·re·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 117: Wide, large, powerful

sleep.
יִשְׁכְּנ֖וּ (yiš·kə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7931: To settle down, abide, dwell

Your people
עַמְּךָ֛ (‘am·mə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

are scattered
נָפֹ֧שׁוּ (nā·p̄ō·šū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 6335: Probably to spring about

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the mountains
הֶהָרִ֖ים (he·hā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

with no one
וְאֵ֥ין (wə·’ên)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

to gather them.
מְקַבֵּֽץ׃ (mə·qab·bêṣ)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6908: To gather, collect


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OT Prophets: Nahum 3:18 Your shepherds slumber king of Assyria (Nah. Na)
Nahum 3:17
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