New International Version
The LORD said to Moses,
King James Bible
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,
World English Bible
Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,
Numbers 31:1 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
These are the statutes - It is very probable that this law, like that concerning the succession of daughters, (Numbers 27)., rose from the exigency of some particular case that had just then occurred.
Making vows, in almost any case, is a dangerous business; they seldom do any good, and often much evil. He who does not feel himself bound to do what is fit, right, and just, from the standing testimony of God's word, is not likely to do it from any obligation he may lay upon his own conscience. If God's word lack weight with him, his own will prove lighter than vanity. Every man who professes the Christian religion is under the most solemn obligation to devote body, soul, and spirit to God, not only to the utmost extent of his powers, but also as long as he exists. Being baptized, and receiving the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, are additional ratifications of the great, general, Christian vow; but every true follower of Christ should always remember, and frequently renew, his covenant with God.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called, rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution …
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament
The Moabites said to the elders of Midian, "This horde is going to lick up everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field." So Balak son of Zippor, who was king of Moab at that time,
"Treat the Midianites as enemies and kill them.
These are the regulations the LORD gave Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife, and between a father and his young daughter still living at home.
"Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."
The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD, and for seven years he gave them into the hands of the Midianites.
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