Psalm 19:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Keep your servant also from willful sins; may they not rule over me. Then I will be blameless, innocent of great transgression.

King James Bible
Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous [sins]; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be perfect, and I shall be innocent from great transgression.

World English Bible
Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins. Let them not have dominion over me. Then I will be upright. I will be blameless and innocent of great transgression.

Young's Literal Translation
Also -- from presumptuous ones keep back Thy servant, Let them not rule over me, Then am I perfect, And declared innocent of much transgression,

Psalm 19:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

From presumptuous sins - Sins committed not through frailty or surprise, but those which are the offspring of thought, purpose, and deliberation. Sins against judgment, light, and conscience. The words might be translated, Preserve thy servant also from the proud; from tyrannical governors, i.e., from evil spirits - Bishop Horsley. So most of the versions understand the place.

Let them not have dominion over me - Let me never be brought into a habit of sinning. He who sins presumptuously will soon be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

Then shall I be upright - Let me be preserved from all the evil that the craft and malice of the devil or man work against me, then shall I continue to walk uprightly, and shall be innocent from the great transgression - from habitual sinning, from apostasy, from my easily-besetting sin. He who would be innocent from the great transgression, must take care that he indulge not himself in any. See Bishop Horne. Most men have committed some particular sin which they ought to deplore as long as they breathe, and on account of the enormity of which they should for ever be humbled.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Keep

Genesis 20:6 And God said to him in a dream, Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart...

1 Samuel 25:32-34,39 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent you this day to meet me...

presumptuous

Exodus 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously on his neighbor, to slay him with guile; you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Numbers 15:30,31 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproaches the LORD...

Deuteronomy 17:12,13 And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the priest that stands to minister there before the LORD your God...

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self-willed...

let

Psalm 119:133 Order my steps in your word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

Romans 6:12-14,16-22 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in the lusts thereof...

upright

Psalm 7:10 My defense is of God, which saves the upright in heart.

Psalm 11:7 For the righteous LORD loves righteousness; his countenance does behold the upright.

Psalm 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.

Acts 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offense toward God, and toward men.

I shall

Psalm 18:23 I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from my iniquity.

1 Chronicles 10:13,14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not...

great [heb.] much

Library
Secret Faults
'Who can understand his errors? cleanse Thou me from secret faults.' PSALM xix. 12. The contemplation of the 'perfect law, enlightening the eyes,' sends the Psalmist to his knees. He is appalled by his own shortcomings, and feels that, beside all those of which he is aware, there is a region, as yet unilluminated by that law, where evil things nestle and breed. The Jewish ritual drew a broad distinction between inadvertent--whether involuntary or ignorant--and deliberate sins; providing atonement
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Secret Sins
Now, David, having seen God's law, and having praised it in this Psalm, which I have read in your hearing, he is brought, by reflecting on its excellency, to utter this thought, "Who can understand his errors?" and then to offer this prayer, "Cleanse thou me from secret faults." In the Lateran Council of the Church of Rome, a decree was passed that every true believer must confess his sins, all of them, once a year to the priest, and they affixed to it this declaration, that there is no hope of pardon
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 3: 1857

Letter xxii. St. Ambrose in a Letter to his Sister Gives an Account of the Finding Of...
St. Ambrose in a letter to his sister gives an account of the finding of the bodies of SS. Gervasius and Protasius, and of his addresses to the people on that occasion. Preaching from Psalm xix., he allegorically expounded the "heavens" to represent the martyrs and apostles, and the "day" he takes to be their confession. They were humbled by God, and then raised again. He then gives an account of the state in which their bodies were found, and of their translation to the basilica. In another address
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

The Progress of the Gospel
Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world. T he heavens declare the glory of God (Psalm 19:1) . The grandeur of the arch over our heads, the number and lustre of the stars, the beauty of the light, the splendour of the sun, the regular succession of day and night, and of the seasons of the year, are such proofs of infinite wisdom and power, that the Scripture attributes to them a voice, a universal language, intelligible to all mankind, accommodated to every capacity.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Numbers 15:30
"'But anyone who sins defiantly, whether native-born or foreigner, blasphemes the LORD and must be cut off from the people of Israel.

Psalm 18:23
I have been blameless before him and have kept myself from sin.

Psalm 18:32
It is God who arms me with strength and keeps my way secure.

Psalm 25:11
For the sake of your name, LORD, forgive my iniquity, though it is great.

Psalm 119:133
Direct my footsteps according to your word; let no sin rule over me.

Hosea 8:5
Samaria, throw out your calf-idol! My anger burns against them. How long will they be incapable of purity?

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