Psalm 41:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Even my close friend, someone I trusted, one who shared my bread, has turned against me.

King James Bible
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I confided, who did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.

World English Bible
Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate bread with me, has lifted up his heel against me.

Young's Literal Translation
Even mine ally, in whom I trusted, One eating my bread, made great the heel against me,

Psalm 41:9 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Mine own familiar friend - This is either a direct prophecy of the treachery of Judas, or it is a fact in David's distresses which our Lord found so similar to the falsity of his treacherous disciple, that he applies it to him, John 13:18. What we translate mine own familiar friend, איש שלומי ish shelomi, is the man of my peace. The man who, with the שלום לך shalom lecha, peace be to thee! kissed me; and thus gave the agreed-on signal to my murderers that I was the person whom they should seize, hold fast, and carry away.

Did eat of my bread - Was an inmate in my house. Applied by our Lord to Judas, when eating with him out of the same dish. See John 13:18, John 13:26. Possibly it may refer to Ahithophel, his counsellor, the man of his peace, his prime minister; who, we know, was the strength of Absalom's conspiracy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 55:12-14,20-22 For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it...

2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices...

Job 19:19 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say they, and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting...

mine own familiar friend [heb.] the man of my peace

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Obadiah 1:7 All the men of your confederacy have brought you even to the border: the men that were at peace with you have deceived you...

John 13:18,26,27 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled...

lifted up [heb.] magnified

Christ Teaching Liberality
If we should attempt to mention all the parables which Jesus spoke, and the miracles which he performed, and the many other lessons which he taught, it would make a long list. As we have done before we can only take one or two specimens of these general lessons which Jesus taught. We have one of these in the title to our present chapter, which is--Christ Teaching Liberality. This was a very important lesson for Jesus to teach. One of the sad effects of sin upon our nature is to make it selfish,
Richard Newton—The Life of Jesus Christ for the Young

The Beatific vision. (Continued. )
In the Beatific Vision our intellect is glorified, and our thirst for knowledge completely satisfied. Man was created with a thirst for knowledge which can never be satiated in this world. Sin, which greatly weakened and darkened his mental faculties, has not taken away his desire and love for knowledge. And the knowledge which he acquired by eating the forbidden fruit, rather increased than satisfied his thirst. But all his efforts to reach the perfection of knowledge, even in the natural order,
F. J. Boudreaux—The Happiness of Heaven

The piety of the Old Testament Church is reflected with more clearness and variety in the Psalter than in any other book of the Old Testament. It constitutes the response of the Church to the divine demands of prophecy, and, in a less degree, of law; or, rather, it expresses those emotions and aspirations of the universal heart which lie deeper than any formal demand. It is the speech of the soul face to face with God. Its words are as simple and unaffected as human words can be, for it is the genius
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Matthew 26:23
Jesus replied, "The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me.

Luke 22:21
But the hand of him who is going to betray me is with mine on the table.

John 13:18
"I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill this passage of Scripture: 'He who shared my bread has turned against me.'

John 17:12
While I was with them, I protected them and kept them safe by that name you gave me. None has been lost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled.

2 Samuel 15:12
While Absalom was offering sacrifices, he also sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, to come from Giloh, his hometown. And so the conspiracy gained strength, and Absalom's following kept on increasing.

Job 19:13
"He has alienated my family from me; my acquaintances are completely estranged from me.

Job 19:19
All my intimate friends detest me; those I love have turned against me.

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