Psalm 46:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging.

King James Bible
Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.

Darby Bible Translation
Though the waters thereof roar [and] foam, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.

World English Bible
though its waters roar and are troubled, though the mountains tremble with their swelling. Selah.

Young's Literal Translation
Roar -- troubled are its waters, Mountains they shake in its pride. Selah.

Psalm 46:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Though the waters thereof roar - Waters, in prophetic language, signify people; and, generally, people in a state of political commotion, here signified by the term roar. And by these strong agitations of the people, the mountains - the secular rulers, shake with the swelling thereof - tremble, for fear that these popular tumults should terminate in the subversion of the state. This very people had seen all Asia in a state of war. The Persians had overturned Asia Minor, and destroyed the Babylonian empire: they had seen Babylon itself sacked and entered by the Persians; and Cyrus, its conqueror, had behaved to them as a father and deliverer. While their oppressors were destroyed, themselves were preserved, and permitted to return to their own land.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the waters

Psalm 18:4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.

Psalm 93:3,4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves...

Job 38:11 And said, Till now shall you come, but no further: and here shall your proud waves be stayed?

Isaiah 5:3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, between me and my vineyard.

Isaiah 17:12,13 Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations...

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence...

Matthew 7:25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell not: for it was founded on a rock.

Revelation 17:15 And he said to me, The waters which you saw, where the whore sits, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

mountains

Psalm 114:4-7 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs...

Judges 5:4,5 LORD, when you went out of Seir, when you marched out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped...

1 Kings 19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand on the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by...

Job 9:5,6 Which removes the mountains, and they know not: which overturns them in his anger...

Jeremiah 4:24 I beheld the mountains, and, see, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.

Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire...

Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein.

Revelation 16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Library
God is Our Refuge
Westminster Abbey, 1873. Psalm xlvi. 1. "God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble." This is a noble psalm, full of hope and comfort; and it will be more and more full of hope and comfort, the more faithfully we believe in the incarnation, the passion, the resurrection, and the ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ. For if we are to give credit to His express words, and to those of every book of the New Testament, and to the opinion of that Church into which we are baptised,
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

The Desolations of the Lord, the Consolation of his Saints
IT SEEMS THAT EVERYTHING Christlike must have a history like that of Christ. His beginnings were small--the manger and the stable. So with the beginnings of that society which we love, and which we believe to be the very incarnation of the Spirit of Christ. Its beginnings also were small; but its latter end shall doubtless greatly increase--for, hath not the end of Christ become exceedingly glorious? He hath ascended up on high; he sitteth at the right hand of God, our Father; and doubtless this
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

An Antepast of Heaven. --Psalm Xlvi.
An Antepast of Heaven.--Psalm xlvi. There is a river pure and bright, Whose streams make glad the heavenly plains, Where, in eternity of light, The City of our God remains. Built by the word of His command, With His unclouded presence blest, Firm as His throne, the bulwarks stand; There is our home, our hope, our rest. Thither let fervent faith aspire; Our treasure and our heart be there: Oh! for a seraph's wing of fire! No,--on the mightier wings of prayer,-- We reach at once that last retreat,
James Montgomery—Sacred Poems and Hymns

Letter Lii to Another Holy virgin.
To Another Holy Virgin. Under a religious habit she had continued to have a spirit given up to the world, and Bernard praises her for coming to a sense of her duty; he exhorts her not to neglect the grace given to her. 1. It is the source of great joy to me to hear that you are willing to strive after that true and perfect joy, which belongs not to earth but to heaven; that is, not to this, vale of tears, but to that city of God which the rivers of the flood thereof make glad (Ps. xlvi. 4). And in
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Cross References
Psalm 93:3
The seas have lifted up, LORD, the seas have lifted up their voice; the seas have lifted up their pounding waves.

Psalm 93:4
Mightier than the thunder of the great waters, mightier than the breakers of the sea-- the LORD on high is mighty.

Jeremiah 5:22
Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD. "Should you not tremble in my presence? I made the sand a boundary for the sea, an everlasting barrier it cannot cross. The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail; they may roar, but they cannot cross it.

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