Psalm 46:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
though its waters roar and foam, though the mountains tremble at its swelling. Selah

King James Bible
Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.

American Standard Version
Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, Though the mountains tremble with the swelling thereof. Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their waters roared and were troubled: the mountains were troubled with his strength.

English Revised Version
Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
Though its waters shall roar and be disturbed, though the mountains shake with the swelling of it. Selah.

Psalm 46:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 45:14-16) Now follows the description of the manner in which she absolutely leaves her father's house, and richly adorned and with a numerous train is led to the king and makes her entry into his palace; and in connection therewith we must bear in mind that the poet combines on the canvas of one picture (so to speak) things that lie wide apart both as to time and place. He sees her first of all in her own chamber (פּנימה, prop. towards the inside, then also in the inside, Ges. 90, 2, b), and how there

(Note: In Babylonia these words, according to B. Jebamoth 77a, are cited in favour of domesticity as a female virtue; in Palestine (במערבא), more appropriately, Genesis 18:9. The lxx Codd. Vat. et Sinait. has Ἐσεβών (Eusebius), which is meaningless; Cod. Alex. correctly, ἔσωθεν (Italic, Jerome, Syriac, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Apollinaris).)

she is nothing but splendour (כּל־כּבוּדּה, prop. mere splendour, fem. of כבוד as in Ezekiel 23:41; cf. כּל־הבל, Psalm 39:6, mere nothingness), her clothing is gold-interwoven textures (i.e., such as are interwoven with threads of gold, or woven in squares or diamond patterns and adorned with gold in addition). She, just like Esther (Esther 2:12), is being led to the king, her husband, and this takes place לרקמות, in variegated, embroidered garments (ל used just as adverbially as in 2 Chronicles 20:21, להדרת), with a retinue of virgins, her companions, who at the same time with herself become the property of her spouse. According to the accents it is to be rendered: virgines post eam, sociae ejus, adducuntur tibi, so that רעותיה is an apposition. This is also in harmony with the allegorical interpretation of the Psalm as a song of the church. The bride of the Lamb, whom the writer of the Apocalypse beheld, arrayed in shining white linen (byssus), which denotes her righteousness, just as here the variegated, golden garments denote her glory, is not just one person nor even one church, but the church of Israel together with the churches of the Gentiles united by one common faith, which have taken a hearty and active part in the restoration of the daughter of Zion. The procession moves on with joy and rejoicing; it is the march of honour of the one chosen one and of the many chosen together with her, of her friends or companions; and to what purpose, is shown by the hopes which to the mind of the poet spring up out of the contemplation of this scene.

Psalm 46:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the waters

Psalm 18:4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.

Psalm 93:3,4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves...

Job 38:11 And said, Till now shall you come, but no further: and here shall your proud waves be stayed?

Isaiah 5:3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, between me and my vineyard.

Isaiah 17:12,13 Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations...

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence...

Matthew 7:25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell not: for it was founded on a rock.

Revelation 17:15 And he said to me, The waters which you saw, where the whore sits, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

mountains

Psalm 114:4-7 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs...

Judges 5:4,5 LORD, when you went out of Seir, when you marched out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped...

1 Kings 19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand on the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by...

Job 9:5,6 Which removes the mountains, and they know not: which overturns them in his anger...

Jeremiah 4:24 I beheld the mountains, and, see, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.

Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire...

Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein.

Revelation 16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Cross References
Psalm 93:3
The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their roaring.

Psalm 93:4
Mightier than the thunders of many waters, mightier than the waves of the sea, the LORD on high is mighty!

Jeremiah 5:22
Do you not fear me? declares the LORD. Do you not tremble before me? I placed the sand as the boundary for the sea, a perpetual barrier that it cannot pass; though the waves toss, they cannot prevail; though they roar, they cannot pass over it.

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