Psalm 82:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"The 'gods' know nothing, they understand nothing. They walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

King James Bible
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

Darby Bible Translation
They know not, neither do they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are moved.

World English Bible
They don't know, neither do they understand. They walk back and forth in darkness. All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Young's Literal Translation
They knew not, nor do they understand, In darkness they walk habitually, Moved are all the foundations of earth.

Psalm 82:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

They know not - The judges are not acquainted with the law of God, on which all their decisions should be founded.

Neither will they understand - They are ignorant and do not wish to be instructed. They will not learn; they cannot teach. Happy England! How different from Judea, even in the days of Jehoshaphat! All thy judges are learned, righteous, and impartial. Never did greater men in their profession dignify any land or country - (1822).

All the foundations of the earth - "All the civil institutions of the land totter." Justice is at the head of all the institutions in a well regulated state: when that gets poisoned or perverted, every evil, political and domestic, must prevail; even religion itself ceases to have any influence.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they. That is, the judges know not.
know not

Psalm 53:4 Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread: they have not called on God.

Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

Micah 3:1 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment?

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

walk

Proverbs 2:13 Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Ecclesiastes 2:14 The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walks in darkness: and I myself perceived also that one event happens to them all.

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

John 12:35 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come on you...

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

all the. etc., All the civil institutions of the land totter.

Psalm 11:3 If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?

Psalm 75:3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

out of course. Heb. moved

Library
Thou Shalt not Bear False Witness against Thy Neighbor.
This Commandment seems small, and yet is so great, that he who would rightly keep it must risk and imperil life and limb, goods and honor, friends and all that he has; and yet it includes no more than the work of that small member, the tongue, and is called in German Wahrheit sagen, "telling the truth" and, where there is need, gainsaying lies; so that it forbids many evil works of the tongue. First: those which are committed by speaking, and those which are committed by keeping silent. By speaking,
Dr. Martin Luther—A Treatise on Good Works

Brief Outline of Ancient Jewish Theological Literature
The arrangements of the synagogue, as hitherto described, combined in a remarkable manner fixedness of order with liberty of the individual. Alike the seasons and the time of public services, their order, the prayers to be offered, and the portions of the law to be read were fixed. On the other hand, between the eighteen "benedictions" said on ordinary days, and the seven repeated on the Sabbaths, free prayer might be inserted; the selection from the prophets, with which the public reading concluded--the
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Feast of the Dedication. The Jews Attempt to Stone Jesus and He Retires to Peræa.
(Jerusalem and Beyond Jordan.) ^D John X. 22-42. ^d 22 And it was the feast of the dedication at Jerusalem: 23; it was winter; and Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch. [The feast of dedication was one of eight days' duration and began upon the 25th Chisleu, which, according to the calculation of M. Chevannes, fell upon the nineteenth or twentieth of December, a.d. 29. The feast was kept in honor of the renovation and purification of the temple in the year b.c. 164, after it had been desecrated
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

In the Last, the Great Day of the Feast'
IT was the last, the great day of the Feast,' and Jesus was once more in the Temple. We can scarcely doubt that it was the concluding day of the Feast, and not, as most modern writers suppose, its Octave, which, in Rabbinic language, was regarded as a festival by itself.' [3987] [3988] But such solemn interest attaches to the Feast, and this occurrence on its last day, that we must try to realise the scene. We have here the only Old Testament type yet unfilfilled; the only Jewish festival which has
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Psalm 11:3
When the foundations are being destroyed, what can the righteous do?"

Psalm 14:4
Do all these evildoers know nothing? They devour my people as though eating bread; they never call on the LORD.

Psalm 46:2
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea,

Proverbs 2:13
who have left the straight paths to walk in dark ways,

Isaiah 59:9
So justice is far from us, and righteousness does not reach us. We look for light, but all is darkness; for brightness, but we walk in deep shadows.

Jeremiah 4:22
"My people are fools; they do not know me. They are senseless children; they have no understanding. They are skilled in doing evil; they know not how to do good."

Jeremiah 23:12
"Therefore their path will become slippery; they will be banished to darkness and there they will fall. I will bring disaster on them in the year they are punished," declares the LORD.

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