Psalm 82:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They have neither knowledge nor understanding, they walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

King James Bible
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

American Standard Version
They know not, neither do they understand; They walk to and fro in darkness: All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have not known nor understood: they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth shall be moved.

English Revised Version
They know not, neither do they understand; they walk to and fro in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are moved.

Webster's Bible Translation
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

Psalm 82:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Passover discourse now takes a sorrowful and awful turn: Israel's disobedience and self-will frustrated the gracious purpose of the commandments and promises of its God. "My people" and "Israel" alternate as in the complaint in Isaiah 1:3. לא־אבה followed by the dative, as in Deuteronomy 13:9 ([8], ου ̓ συνθελήσεις αὐτῷ). Then God made their sin their punishment, by giving them over judicially (שׁלּח as in Job 8:4) into the obduracy of their heart, which rudely shuts itself up against His mercy (from שׁרר, Aramaic שׁרר, Arabic sarra, to make firm equals to cheer, make glad), so that they went on (cf. on the sequence of tense, Psalm 61:8) in their, i.e., their own, egotistical, God-estranged determinations; the suffix is thus accented, as e.g., in Isaiah 65:2, cf. the borrowed passage Jeremiah 7:24, and the same phrase in Micah 6:16. And now, because this state of unfaithfulness in comparison with God's faithfulness has remained essentially the same even to to-day, the exalted Orator of the festival passes over forthwith to the generation of the present, and that, as is in accordance with the cheerful character of the feast, in a charmingly alluring manner. Whether we take לוּ in the signification of si (followed by the participle, as in 2 Samuel 18:12), or like אם above in Psalm 81:9 as expressing a wish, o si (if but!), Psalm 81:15. at any rate have the relation of the apodosis to it. From כּמעט (for a little, easily) it may be conjectured that the relation of Israel at that time to the nations did not correspond to the dignity of the nation of God which is called to subdue and rule the world in the strength of God. השׁיב signifies in this passage only to turn, not: to again lay upon. The meaning is, that He would turn the hand which is now chastening His people against those by whom He is chastening them (cf. on the usual meaning of the phrase, Isaiah 1:25; Amos 1:8; Jeremiah 6:9; Ezekiel 38:12). The promise in Psalm 81:16 relates to Israel and all the members of the nation. The haters of Jahve would be compelled reluctantly to submit themselves to Him, and their time would endure for ever. "Time" is equivalent to duration, and in this instance with the collateral notion of Prosperity, as elsewhere (Isaiah 13:22) of the term of punishment. One now expects that it should continue with ואאכילהוּ, in the tone of a promise. The Psalm, however, closes with an historical statement. For ויּאכילהו cannot signify et cibaret eum; it ought to be pronounced ויאכילהו. The pointing, like the lxx, Syriac, and Vulgate, takes v. 17a (cf. Deuteronomy 32:13.) as a retrospect, and apparently rightly so. For even the Asaphic Psalm 77 and 78 break off with historical pictures. V. 17b is, accordingly, also to be taken as retrospective. The words of the poet in conclusion once more change into the words of God. The closing word runs אשׂבּיעך, as in Psalm 50:8, Deuteronomy 4:31, and (with the exception of the futt. Hiph. of Lamed He verbs ending with ekka) usually. The Babylonian system of pointing nowhere recognises the suffix-form ekka. If the Israel of the present would hearken to the Lawgiver of Sinai, says v. 17, then would He renew to it the miraculous gifts of the time of the redemption under Moses.

Psalm 82:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they. That is, the judges know not.
know not

Psalm 53:4 Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread: they have not called on God.

Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

Micah 3:1 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment?

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

walk

Proverbs 2:13 Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Ecclesiastes 2:14 The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walks in darkness: and I myself perceived also that one event happens to them all.

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

John 12:35 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come on you...

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

all the. etc., All the civil institutions of the land totter.

Psalm 11:3 If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?

Psalm 75:3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

out of course. Heb. moved

Cross References
Psalm 11:3
if the foundations are destroyed, what can the righteous do?"

Psalm 14:4
Have they no knowledge, all the evildoers who eat up my people as they eat bread and do not call upon the LORD?

Psalm 46:2
Therefore we will not fear though the earth gives way, though the mountains be moved into the heart of the sea,

Proverbs 2:13
who forsake the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness,

Isaiah 59:9
Therefore justice is far from us, and righteousness does not overtake us; we hope for light, and behold, darkness, and for brightness, but we walk in gloom.

Jeremiah 4:22
"For my people are foolish; they know me not; they are stupid children; they have no understanding. They are 'wise'--in doing evil! But how to do good they know not."

Jeremiah 23:12
Therefore their way shall be to them like slippery paths in the darkness, into which they shall be driven and fall, for I will bring disaster upon them in the year of their punishment, declares the LORD.

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