Psalm 33:4
In this section of the Commentary we aim at discovering the unity of the psalm, and of dealing with it accordingly, reserving the treatment of specific verses as separate texts, for another department. This psalm has neither title nor author's name appended thereto. It is manifestly an outburst of glad and gladdening song from some Old Testament believer, and is a glorious anticipation of Philippians 4:4. It is refreshing to the spirit to find that in the olden times there were pious and holy souls, receptive of the revelation which God had even then given of himself, and who could gather up their thoughts in grateful calm as they mused on the perfections of their ever-reigning Lord. In this psalm there are no historic considerations presented, nor is there any individual experience suggested at which we have to look in studying this amazing illustration of joy in God. It is the "itself by itself " - the pure thing, the uplifting of a soul from the cloudland of earth to the sunland of heaven. Here is -

I. AN ENRAPTURING VIEW OF THE GLORY OF OUR REVEALED GOD. We use this word "revealed," as indicated By this psalm, advisedly on two grounds. For

(1) the name "Jehovah" (ver. 1) is the name by which God revealed himself to Israel (Exodus 6:3). The name "I am that I am" at once removes the God of the Hebrews far above all anthropomorphism. Then

(2) in ver. 4 we are told, "The Word of the Lord is right;" so that, as the word is the expression of thought, and as expressed thought indicates will, it is here declared that God had made known his will (see Psalm 103:7; Hebrews 1:1). How far God's early disclosures of himself went, our Lord Jesus Christ tells us (Matthew 22:31, 32). And it is by the light from words of God that we read his natural works. Having, then, God revealed by name and by word, what are the contents of that revelation which are here pointed out?

1. Right. (Ver. 4.) The Word of God, as given under the Old Testament, was preeminently right. As being such, the whole of the hundred and nineteenth psalm extols it. And now no nobler ethical code does the world possess than that given to Moses and the prophets, and confirmed by Christ.

2. Truth. (Ver. 4.) I.e. faithfulness. As righteousness marks the Word, so fidelity to the Word marks the works of God.

3. Goodness. (ver. 5.) I.e. loving-kindness. The earth is full of it. The sound eye rejoices in the sunshine; and the pure heart reads the goodness of God everywhere.

4. Power. (Vers. 6, 7, 9.) We cannot rejoice in bare power; but when infinite power is in alliance with perfect goodness and with loving-kindness, then we can.

5. Wisdom. (Ver. 10.) There is not only a power that sways matter, but a wisdom which controls mind, so that among the nations there can never be any plotting which can frustrate or intercept his plans.

6. Omniscience. (Vers. 14, 15.) He espies from afar the hidden thought of every soul (Proverbs 15:3; Psalm 139.). He knows men's hearts, as having created them (ver. 15) "alike," i.e. altogether, in one. There are variations in mind, but yet all minds act responsively to some necessary laws of thought inlaid in their original structure.

7. Steadfast counsels. (Ver. 11.) This is true of the plans of providence; but it is most gloriously true of the hidden mysteries and triumphs of his grace (1 Corinthians 2:7; Ephesians 3:9; Acts 15:18).

8. All his counsels are in alliance with a holiness which warrants and invites confidence. (Ver. 21.) He cannot do wrong; he cannot be unfaithful or unkind (Psalm 92:15).

9. On some he looks with special favour and love. (Vers. 18, 19; see Psalm 18:25, 26.) Those who trust God most fully and follow him most faithfully will find that their lot is as beautifully ordered for them as if God had no one else to occupy his care. They will be guarded in peril, supplied in need, and comforted in sorrow; the loving glances of a gracious eye and the cheering words from a loving heart will give to such many a song in the night. Let all these nine features of God's glory be put together and looked at in blended sweetness, and see if they will not raise to an ecstasy of delight.

II. THE JOY WHICH UPRIGHT SOULS HAVE IN SUCH A GOD IS UNBOUNDED. Yes.

1. The joy has uprightness for its condition. Upright souls! Only such. But this does not mean absolutely perfect men, but men who mourn over the wrong, who have confessed it before God, who have received his pardoning mercy, and who loyally conform their lives to God's holy will and Word, who would not knowingly harbour any sin or aught that would grieve their God - men who have gone, in fact, through the experiences of Psalm 32. (of which, indeed, this may possibly be a continuation).

2. This joy has grace for its resting-place. (Vers. 18, 22.) "Mercy." The joy would have no ground stable enough if it were settled on any other basis than God himself, nor unless that basis were "mercy." "O God, be merciful to me I" is the cry which goes up from the penitent's lips more and more pleadingly as he moves forward in the pardoned life.

3. This joy has all that God is, has, and does for its contents. So the whole psalm teaches us; for the pardoning mercy of God has brought us so near to him that we know there is for us such an outpouring of love Divine as makes us infinitely rich for time and eternity.

4. This joy has boundless hope for its outlook. (Ver. 22.) As Bishop Perowne well remarks, "hope" indicates the perpetual attitude of a trusting and waiting Church. Believers know that God will do exceeding abundantly for them above all they can ask or think. As the rich disclosures of God under the prophets have advanced to their unveiling in the unsearchable riches of Christ, so will the wonders of Christ in grace move forward to those of Christ in his glory. We yet seek a Fatherland. "God is not ashamed to be called our God, for he bath prepared for us a city."

5. This joy has prayer for its upward expression. (Ver. 22, "Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us," etc.) Not that this is its only form of expression (for see below), but it is a joy which must and will find outlet in prayer for the constant supply of that mercy which feeds and sustains it.

III. THE JOY IS SUCH THAT IT MAY WELL RIPEN INTO A HOLY FELLOWSHIP OF MUSIC AND SONG. Here in vers. 1-3 the psalmist calls on all upright souls to join him in sounding forth the praises of the Lord.

1. God having taken off all our burdens of guilt and care, the tongue is set free for praise.

2. A common joy in God may wall suggest a grand concert of song. Fellowship in trouble is soothing; fellowship in peril is uniting; fellowship in need touches common sympathy; fellowship in gladness creates a grand inspiration and a mighty burst of praise.

3. In giving vent to our joy musical instruments may be "skilfully made subservient thereto. (Ver. 3.) To plead against this verse that we live in another dispensation, is not in place; for musical instruments in the hands of sanctified men are the servants of the Spirit, and we do but utilize God's own world of harmony when we press them into the service of celebrating redeeming love.

4. The right use and ample enjoyment in hallowed mirth, as we celebrate the praises of the Lord, may be made a holy and blessed means of grace. It is of no mean importance to recruit the bodily powers for God by means of the enjoyment of sacred music and song. And if, indeed, Christian people of musical tastes would seek to sanctify their special powers for God and his Church, many an abuse of their talents might be prevented, and many a holy outlet for their use secured. Well might Frances R. Havergal write -

Take my voice, and let me sing
Always, only, for my King."

5. The largest scope for the noblest music is opened up by the wonders of redeeming love. Poetry, painting, sculpture, music, - all are grandest when inspired by the Cross. - C.







Our soul waiteth for the Lord: He is our help and our shield.
I. THE SUBJECT OF THE EXERCISE — "our soul." Not our souls, but "our soul." Believers are said to be "of one soul." Drops of water brought into contact will run into one. So with the souls of God's people.

II. THE EXERCISE ITSELF — waiting for the Lord. It includes conviction, desire, hope, patience.

III. THE ENCOURAGEMENT GIVEN — "He is our help and our shield."

1. Their help. They need aid, and know their need.

2. Their shield, to defend from all the power of the adversary both from without and within.

(W. Jay.)

Homilist.
I. WAITING ON THE LORD FOR A GOOD REASON (ver. 20).

1. Waiting upon Him implies faith — faith in His existence; desire, a craving after some good; patience, biding His own good time. But how are you to wait on Him?(1) Wholly. He must be waited upon in every event, purpose, action, and place. True worship is an all-pervading spirit, not an occasional feeling or service.(2) Lovingly. It cannot be done perfunctorily or formally.(3) Constantly. It is spirit running through the life, giving unity, meaning, and worth to existence.

2. Such is the waiting but what is the good reason? "He is our help and our shield." A "shield." If He be for us, who can be against us? God is our refuge and strength. A "help." Life's labours are arduous, life's trials are heavy: He is the only effective helper in both. We will wait, therefore, on Him.

II. REJOICING IN THE LORD FOR A GOOD REASON (ver. 21).

1. True worship is joy — the only satisfactory and lasting joy of a moral intelligence. It is a rejoicing in His —

(1)Works.

(2)Government.

(3)Character.

(4)Fatherhood.

(5)Promises.What is the good reason for rejoicing? "Because we have trusted in His holy name." All joy is the fruit of that tree that is rooted in an unbounded confidence in God. All the streams that "make glad the city of our God" rise out of a settled faith in Him.

III. PRAYING TO THE LORD FOR A GOOD REASON (ver. 22).

1. Were we innocent sufferers, we should pray for justice, not mercy; but we are sinful, and mercy is what we require: mercy to pardon, to cleanse, and to qualify us for the high service and fellowship of the Holy One.

2. What is the good reason for this prayer? "According as we hope in Thee." We pray because our confidence is in Thee, and our expectation is from Thee. Men would never pray without this hope in God, and the compass of the prayer is measured by the expanse of this hope. We ask for little because our faith and hope are feeble.

(Homilist.).

I will bless the Lord at all times: His praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Homilist.
I. AN EXEMPLIFICATION OF TRUE PRAISE.

1. It is thorough.

(1)There is no praise without concentration of soul.

(2)Distracting forces are rife.

2. It is constant.

(1)In every department of action — intellectual, artistic, commercial, political.

(2)In every circumstance of life — sorrow, joy, adversity, prosperity, bereavement, friendship.

3. It is exultant. God is the sum total of all excellence, the primal fount of all joy; therefore let us boast in Him.

4. It is social. The true worshipper becomes magnetic; he draws others to the shrine before which he falls.

II. A REASON FOR TRUE PRAISE.

1. Past deliverance (ver. 4).

(1)He had been "delivered out of all his troubles." His troubles were great in their variety, number, but he was delivered.

(2)He had been delivered out of all his troubles by prayer. "I sought the Lord," etc.

2. Constant protection (ver. 7).

(Homilist.)

I. A RESOLUTION TO BLESS THE LORD, or to thank the Lord.

1. The things for which we ought to bless or thank the Lord: temporal; spiritual; personal; family; national; and Christian.

2. Whom we are to bless: "the Lord," the Giver of all; no mercy, except from Him; gives freely; bounteously, always.

3. When we are to bless the Lord: — "at all times."

II. A RESOLUTION TO PRAISE THE LORD.

1. This is a resolution which Nature even approves. "All Thy works praise Thee, O Lord."

2. A resolution which reason sustains.

3. A resolution which Scripture examples encourage.

4. A resolution which is in analogy with the customs of social life.

5. A resolution which accords with our obligation.

6. A resolution which harmonizes with the employment of the heavenly inhabitants.

7. A resolution which, if carried out, will contribute much to life's happiness, and promote the glory of God in our spheres of action.

(J. Bate.)

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