1 Samuel 19:5
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
7760 [e]וַיָּשֶׂם֩
way-yā-śem
For he tookConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
5315 [e]נַפְשׁ֨וֹ
nap̄-šōw
his lifeN-fsc | 3ms
3709 [e]בְכַפּ֜וֹ
ḇə-ḵap-pōw
in his handsPrep-b | N-fsc | 3ms
5221 [e]וַיַּ֣ךְ
way-yaḵ
and killedConj-w | V-Hifil-ConsecImperf-3ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
6430 [e]הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֗י
hap-pə-liš-tî,
the PhilistineArt | N-proper-ms
6213 [e]וַיַּ֨עַשׂ
way-ya-‘aś
and brought aboutConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3068 [e]יְהוָ֜ה
Yah-weh
YahwehN-proper-ms
8668 [e]תְּשׁוּעָ֤ה
tə-šū-‘āh
a deliveranceN-fs
1419 [e]גְדוֹלָה֙
ḡə-ḏō-w-lāh
greatAdj-fs
3605 [e]לְכָל־
lə-ḵāl
for allPrep-l | N-msc
3478 [e]יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל
yiś-rā-’êl,
IsraelN-proper-ms
7200 [e]רָאִ֖יתָ
rā-’î-ṯā
You saw [it]V-Qal-Perf-2ms
8055 [e]וַתִּשְׂמָ֑ח
wat-tiś-māḥ;
and rejoicedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-2ms
4100 [e]וְלָ֤מָּה
wə-lām-māh
Then whyConj-w, Prep-l | Interrog
2398 [e]תֶֽחֱטָא֙
ṯe-ḥĕ-ṭā
will you sinV-Qal-Imperf-2ms
1818 [e]בְּדָ֣ם
bə-ḏām
against bloodPrep-b | N-ms
5355 [e]נָקִ֔י
nā-qî,
innocentAdj-ms
4191 [e]לְהָמִ֥ית
lə-hā-mîṯ
to killPrep-l | V-Hifil-Inf
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
1732 [e]דָּוִ֖ד
dā-wiḏ
DavidN-proper-ms
2600 [e]חִנָּֽם׃
ḥin-nām.
without a causeAdv









Hebrew Texts
שמואל א 19:5 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיָּשֶׂם֩ אֶת־נַפְשֹׁ֨ו בְכַפֹּ֜ו וַיַּ֣ךְ אֶת־הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֗י וַיַּ֨עַשׂ יְהוָ֜ה תְּשׁוּעָ֤ה גְדֹולָה֙ לְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל רָאִ֖יתָ וַתִּשְׂמָ֑ח וְלָ֤מָּה תֶֽחֱטָא֙ בְּדָ֣ם נָקִ֔י לְהָמִ֥ית אֶת־דָּוִ֖ד חִנָּֽם׃

שמואל א 19:5 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישם את־נפשו בכפו ויך את־הפלשתי ויעש יהוה תשועה גדולה לכל־ישראל ראית ותשמח ולמה תחטא בדם נקי להמית את־דוד חנם׃

שמואל א 19:5 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישם את־נפשו בכפו ויך את־הפלשתי ויעש יהוה תשועה גדולה לכל־ישראל ראית ותשמח ולמה תחטא בדם נקי להמית את־דוד חנם׃

שמואל א 19:5 Hebrew Bible
וישם את נפשו בכפו ויך את הפלשתי ויעש יהוה תשועה גדולה לכל ישראל ראית ותשמח ולמה תחטא בדם נקי להמית את דוד חנם׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"For he took his life in his hand and struck the Philistine, and the LORD brought about a great deliverance for all Israel; you saw it and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood by putting David to death without a cause?"

King James Bible
For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He took his life in his hands when he struck down the Philistine, and the LORD brought about a great victory for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced, so why would you sin against innocent blood by killing David for no reason?"
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

put his life

1 Samuel 28:21 And the woman came to Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and …

Judges 9:17 (For my father fought for you, and adventured his life far, and delivered …

Judges 12:3 And when I saw that you delivered me not, I put my life in my hands, …

Psalm 119:109 My soul is continually in my hand: yet do I not forget your law.

Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear to …

Philippians 2:30 Because for the work of Christ he was near to death, not regarding …

slew

1 Samuel 17:49-51 And David put his hand in his bag, and took there a stone, and slang …

wrought

1 Samuel 11:13 And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day: for …

1 Samuel 14:45 And the people said to Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who has worked this …

1 Samuel 17:52,53 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued …

Exodus 14:13 And Moses said to the people, Fear you not, stand still, and see …

1 Samuel 11:13 And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day: for …

sin against innocent

1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why shall …

Jeremiah 26:15 But know you for certain, that if you put me to death, you shall …

Matthew 27:4,24 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. …

without a cause

Psalm 25:3 Yes, let none that wait on you be ashamed: let them be ashamed which …

Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: …

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is …

Links
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1 Samuel 19:4
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