Daniel 1:8
Text Analysis
7760 [e]וַיָּ֤שֶׂם
But purposedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
1840 [e]דָּנִיֵּאל֙
5921 [e]עַל־
3820 [e]לִבּ֔וֹ
his heartN-msc | 3ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֧ר
3808 [e]לֹֽא־
1351 [e]יִתְגָּאַ֛ל
he would defile himselfV-Hitpael-Imperf-3ms
6598 [e]בְּפַתְבַּ֥ג
with the portion of delicaciesPrep-b | N-msc
4428 [e]הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ
of the kingArt | N-ms
3196 [e]וּבְיֵ֣ין
nor with the wineConj-w, Prep-b | N-msc
4960 [e]מִשְׁתָּ֑יו
which he drankN-mpc | 3ms
1245 [e]וַיְבַקֵּשׁ֙
therefore he requestedConj-w | V-Piel-ConsecImperf-3ms
8269 [e]מִשַּׂ֣ר
of the chiefPrep-m | N-msc
5631 [e]הַסָּרִיסִ֔ים
of the eunuchsArt | N-mp
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֖ר
3808 [e]לֹ֥א
1351 [e]יִתְגָּאָֽל׃
he might defile himselfV-Hitpael-Imperf-3ms

Hebrew Texts
דניאל 1:8 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיָּ֤שֶׂם דָּנִיֵּאל֙ עַל־לִבֹּ֔ו אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־יִתְגָּאַ֛ל בְּפַתְבַּ֥ג הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ וּבְיֵ֣ין מִשְׁתָּ֑יו וַיְבַקֵּשׁ֙ מִשַּׂ֣ר הַסָּרִיסִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר לֹ֥א יִתְגָּאָֽל׃

דניאל 1:8 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישם דניאל על־לבו אשר לא־יתגאל בפתבג המלך וביין משתיו ויבקש משר הסריסים אשר לא יתגאל׃

דניאל 1:8 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישם דניאל על־לבו אשר לא־יתגאל בפתבג המלך וביין משתיו ויבקש משר הסריסים אשר לא יתגאל׃

דניאל 1:8 Hebrew Bible
וישם דניאל על לבו אשר לא יתגאל בפתבג המלך וביין משתיו ויבקש משר הסריסים אשר לא יתגאל׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king's choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself.

King James Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Daniel determined that he would not defile himself with the king's food or with the wine he drank. So he asked permission from the chief official not to defile himself.
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defile. Heathen nations not only ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by Jewish law, but even the clean animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods, and part of the wine was poured out as a libation on their altars. Hence Athenaeus calls the beasts served up at the tables of the Persian kings, victims. Daniel was therefore resolved not to defile himself with their viands; yet he did not rudely refuse what was intended as a kindness, but mildly and modestly requested the proper officers to indulge him in this respect.

Leviticus 11:45-47 For I am the LORD that brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to …

Deuteronomy 32:38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of …

Psalm 106:28 They joined themselves also to Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

Psalm 141:4 Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works …

Ezekiel 4:13,14 And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their …

Hosea 9:3,4 They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return …

Acts 10:14-16 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that …

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Daniel 1:7
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