1 Chronicles 4:19
New International Version
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maakathite.

New Living Translation
Hodiah’s wife was the sister of Naham. One of her sons was the father of Keilah the Garmite, and another was the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

English Standard Version
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

New King James Version
The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

King James Bible
And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

Christian Standard Bible
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite and the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Contemporary English Version
A man named Hodiah was married to the sister of Naham. Hodiah's descendants included Keilah of the Garmite clan and Eshtemoa of the Maacathite clan.

Good News Translation
Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite and the father of Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

International Standard Version
The descendants of Hodiah's wife, Naham's sister, fathered Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

NET Bible
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of his Judean wife, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham, first settled Keilah of the Garmites and Eshtemoa of the Maacathites.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

New American Standard 1977
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

King James 2000 Bible
And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

American King James Version
And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

American Standard Version
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sons of the wife of Iduia the sister of Nachaim the father of Keila; Garmi, and Esthaemon the Nochathite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of his wife Odaia the sister of Naham the father of Celia, Garmi, and Esthamo, who was of Machathi.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of the wife of Hodijah, the sister of Naham: the father of Keilah the Garmite, And Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

English Revised Version
And the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

World English Bible
The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.

Young's Literal Translation
and sons of the wife of Hodiah sister of Nahom: Abi-Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.
Study Bible
More Descendants of Judah
18These were the children of Pharaoh’s daughter Bithiah. Mered also took a Judean wife, who gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. 19The sons of Hodiah’s wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maacathite. 20The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 4:18
These were the sons of Pharaoh's daughter Bithiah. Mered also took a Judean wife, who gave birth to Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.

1 Chronicles 4:20
The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.

Nehemiah 10:10
and their associates: Shebaniah, Hodiah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan,

Nehemiah 10:13
Hodiah, Bani, and Beninu.

Treasury of Scripture

And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

Hodiah.

1 Chronicles 4:18
And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.

Keilah.

Joshua 15:44
And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:

1 Samuel 23:1-13
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors…









Lexicon
The sons
וּבְנֵי֙ (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Hodiah’s
הֽוֹדִיָּ֔ה (hō·w·ḏî·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1940: Hodiah -- Hodiah

wife,
אֵ֣שֶׁת (’ê·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

the sister
אֲח֣וֹת (’ă·ḥō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 269: Sister -- a sister

of Naham,
נַ֔חַם (na·ḥam)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5163: Naham -- 'comfort', a man of Judah

[were] the fathers
אֲבִ֥י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

of Keilah
קְעִילָ֖ה (qə·‘î·lāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7084: Keilah -- a city in Judah

the Garmite
הַגַּרְמִ֑י (hag·gar·mî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1636: Garmite -- 'bony', a name applied to Keilah

and of Eshtemoa
וְאֶשְׁתְּמֹ֖עַ (wə·’eš·tə·mō·a‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 851: Eshtemoa -- a man of Judah, also a city in Judah

the Maacathite.
הַמַּעֲכָתִֽי׃ (ham·ma·‘ă·ḵā·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4602: Maacathite -- inhabitant of Maacah
(19) And the sons of his wife Hodiah.--The existing Hebrew text says, And the sons of Hodiah's wife. Hodiah recurs as a man's name in Nehemiah 8:7; Nehemiah 9:5; but a very slight change--the addition of three letters--in the Hebrew would give the sense: "And sons of his Jewish wife, the sister of Naham, were the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa," &c.

Naham is unknown.

Keilah is a town in the Shephelah (Joshua 15:44), well known as the scene of David's prowess and peril (1 Samuel 23).

Eshtemoa occurred in 1Chronicles 4:17, in connexion with Ishbah, son of Ezra by Bithiah. (See Note there.) The Garmites and Maachathites are unknown clans. The former founded or were settled at Keilah. It appears that abi ("father of") has dropped out of the text before Eshtemoa; the sense being that the Maachathites were settled at Eshtemoa; which, of course, they may have been, side by side with the half-Egyptian clan Ishbah. Maachah is mentioned, 1Chronicles 2:48, as a concubine of Caleb. The list is still dealing with the Calebite division of Hezron.

Verse 19. - The first clause of this verse in the Hebrew is, And the sons of the wife of Hodiah. The margin offers the Jewess again for Hodiah. Nothing is known explanatory of the descriptive word Garmite here. Its meaning, according to Gesenins, is "bony." Eahtomoa is here distinguished from the same-spelt word in ver. 17 by the description the Maachathite, Maachad being a region at the foot of Hermon, bordering on and belonging to Syria.
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Alphabetical: and Eshtemoa father fathers Garmite Hodiah Hodiah's Keilah Maacathite Naham of sister sons The were wife

OT History: 1 Chronicles 4:19 The sons of the wife of Hodiah (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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