2 Samuel 23:33
New International Version
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

New Living Translation
son of Shagee from Harar; Ahiam son of Sharar from Harar;

English Standard Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

Berean Study Bible
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

King James Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

New King James Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

New American Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

NASB 1995
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

NASB 1977
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Amplified Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Christian Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

American Standard Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Shemma, which was from Tur Zaythey, Akhim, son of Ashir who was from Adri

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Samnan the Arodite; Amnan the son of Arai the Saraurite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Semma of Orori, Aliam the son of Sarar the Arorite,

English Revised Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jonathan ( [son of] Shammah the Hararite), Ahiam (son of Sharar the Hararite),

International Standard Version
Shammah's son from Harar, Sharar the Hararite's son Ahiam,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite;

Literal Standard Version
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

NET Bible
son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

New Heart English Bible
Jonathan son of Shamma the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sakar the Hararite,

World English Bible
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

Young's Literal Translation
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Mighty Men
32Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan 33son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite, 34Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maacathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,…

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:11
And after him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines had banded together near a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.

2 Samuel 23:34
Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maacathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,


Treasury of Scripture

Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

Shammah

1 Chronicles 11:27
Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,

Sharar

1 Chronicles 11:35
Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,

Sacar









(33) Shammah the Hararite.--"Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite" has already been mentioned in 2Samuel 23:11, and here Chronicles reads "Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite." As Shage is identical with Agee with a letter prefixed, we should probably read "Jonathan the son of Shammah the Hararite." Jonathan, one of "the thirty," was thus the son of one of "the first three."

Sharar is in Chronicles Sacar, and Hararite is spelt in the Hebrew here differently from the previous clause and from Chronicles.

Verse 33. - Shammah the Hararite. He was really one of the first three (see ver. 11). (For the reading in Chronicles, see above.) A very probable correction would be "Jonathan the son of Shammah, the son of Agee the Hararite." Thus both father and son would be in the number of the thirty, Ahiam. He is called "the son of Sacar" in 1 Chronicles 11:35.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
son of Shammah
שַׁמָּה֙ (šam·māh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8048: Shammah -- an Edomite, also several Israelites

the Hararite,
הַֽהֲרָרִ֔י (ha·hă·rā·rî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2043: Hararite -- 'mountain dweller', descriptive of two of David's heroes

Ahiam
אֲחִיאָ֥ם (’ă·ḥî·’ām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 279: Ahiam -- 'brother of mother', one of David's men

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Sharar
שָׁרָ֖ר (šā·rār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8325: Sharar -- father of one of David's heroes

the Hararite,
הָארָרִֽי׃ (hā·rā·rî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2043: Hararite -- 'mountain dweller', descriptive of two of David's heroes


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OT History: 2 Samuel 23:33 Shammah the Hararite Ahiam the son (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
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