Romans 9
Expositor's Dictionary of Texts
I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
I Caught Myself Wishing

Romans 9:3

'I caught myself wishing—praying—that I were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh.' Nothing brings us nearer the heart of St. Paul than that. His wish, it has been finely said, was a spark from the fire of Christ's substitutionary love. Moses was willing to perish with his people. 'If not I pray Thee blot me out of Thy book.' The Apostle caught himself wishing that he might die for them, if need were, the eternal death.

I. 'I caught myself wishing.' How wonderful is this arrest of the soul by the self. Most commonly the current runs on, and the regal power abdicates for the time; but now and then the master speaks to the servant. 'Why art thou cast down, oh, my soul, and why art thou disquieted within me?' 'I caught myself wishing'—I discovered my ruling passion. How would it be with us if we had a sudden hand laid on us in the same way? If we compel ourselves to pause and look and see whether our life's stream is running, what would be the revelation? Would not the clasp be the clasp of justice to discover and reprove our guilt? Perhaps those who fancy that they were working from the highest motive would find they were dominated by the lowest. They would catch themselves wishing to be honoured, to be talked of, to be rich, to be popular. When we sharply pull up our thought, inhibiting it for the moment, what is it? Is it so that we should discover that the real longing and expectation of the soul are turned towards things poor and earthly, that we are possessed with a craving hunger seeking to satisfy itself with husks? But the Apostle caught himself wishing to be accursed from Christ for his brethren, his kinsmen according to the flesh.

II. This was not the calm deliberation of his 'I reckon,' and it must not be judged as if it were. Suppose we knew but a part of the wish, and if it ran 'I caught myself wishing that I were accursed from Christ,' none of us could believe that St. Paul ever said it, for his words mean all they can mean. They mean a devotion to perdition, a parting final and fateful from the Lord Jesus Christ. Such separation could never be. Christ would take care of that, as the Apostle well knew when he came to himself from this strange and noble madness. But he meant that he was willing to make the supreme sacrifice for his brethren. It was, of course, an impossible prayer, but he came nearer Christ than ever in the very hour when he dreamed that he was ready for estrangement; his heart was aching up to the Master all the time, and the Master knew it.

III. On what did this love, this vehement love for souls, rest itself? It rested on his love for Christ, and his knowledge of what Christ could do in and for the souls that were dying for want of Him. It is this passion of St. Paul that we need to revive in our churches today. There is very much that has weakened it. A failing sense of sin and peril and retribution, a dim understanding of what Christ was and is, make themselves but too evident in the Church of today. Indeed, for pictures of the retribution of sin it would be more profitable to turn to the trumpery novel of the moment than to many a sermon. It is from the world that some of the deepest words on sin and retribution come to us.

But St. Paul had the mind of Christ. His passion for souls meant that he knew the desolating thirst of mankind and the Fountain of living waters that would quench its thirst. The gulf was deep between man and God, but trust in Christ would bring union with Christ, and pardon to the sinner, and life to the dead. So when St. Paul saw his brethren turning away from Christ, it was with a bewildered agony of mind, with a sense of desolation so profound, that it would have prostrated the failing spirit had it not been cast at the feet of the Lord Most High, the God Most Mighty, the Holy and Most Merciful Saviour.

—W. Robertson Nicoll, Sunday Evening, p. 67.

Romans 9:3

What did Paul mean? Accursed from Christ? What could he mean save that he was willing to be damned to save those whom he loved. Why not? Why should not a man be willing to be damned for others? The damnation of a single soul is shut up in itself, and may be the means of saving not only others but their children and a whole race. Damnation 1... 'And yet, if it is to save—if it is to save Robert,' thought Michael, 'God give me strength—I could endure it. Did not the Son Himself venture to risk the wrath of the Father that He might redeem man? What am I? What is my poor self? 'And Michael determined that night that neither his life in this world nor in the next, if he could rescue his child, should be of any account.... He questioned himself and his oracle further. What could Paul mean exactly? God could not curse him if he did no wrong. He could only mean that he was willing to sin and be punished provided Israel might live. It was lawful then to tell a lie or to perpetrate any evil deed in order to protect his child.

—From Mark Rutherford's story of Michael Trevanion, in Miriam's Schooling and other Papers.

You may do, for reward, something that on the outside looks like doing good, but it is not doing good, because the will is selfish—your heart is set on your own pleasure and comfort, and not on a substantial good for its own sake. A man who really thought of nothing but getting safe to heaven would be as bad as a man in a shipwreck who thought of nothing but getting himself safe into a boat. There are a few such people, I daresay. But, of course, most people are better than they make out. When they speak of reward and punishment, they do not mean merely pleasures and pains; they mean, in part at least, the goodness which causes the pleasure, and the badness which causes the pain. We can see that true Christians have never thought the reward the chief thing. St. Paul was ready to give up his own reward, to be accursed from Christ, if that would save the soul he loved. And to go from great things to small, there is a fine scene in a novel which I once read. A young man is afraid to go to the rescue of some people in a flood, because he has a conviction that if he is drowned there, he will go to hell. And the old man, an old Scotchman, to whom he tells this, shouts out to him in reply, 'Better be damned doing the will of God than saved doing nothing'. This is the instinct of true religion revolting against the false doctrine of rewards; and I believe that this revolt has the sympathy of all true Christians.

—Prof. B. Bosanquet's Essays and Addresses, p. 111.

At the close of the eighth chapter of his Life of General Gordon, Sir William Butler sums up his nero's feelings during the last siege of Khartoum. 'That this heroic soul had now come to look upon his life as a sacrifice to be given in atonement for the sins of his fellow-countrymen in Egypt is beyond dispute. "I feel that all these wrongs can only be washed out in blood," he wrote from Jerusalem in the end of 1883. A few months later, writing on 4th March from Khartoum, he uses these words—than which there are none more memorable in all his life: "May our Lord not visit us as a nation for our sins, but may His wrath fall on me, hid in Christ. This is my frequent prayer, and may He spare these people, and bring them to peace."'

In Cromwell's first speech to the Little Parliament of 1653 he uses the same passage in order to inculcate a gracious, unselfish bearing towards the various classes of people in the nation. 'I confess I have sometimes said, foolishly it may be: I had rather miscarry to a believer than an unbeliever. This may seem a paradox:—but let's take heed of doing that which is evil to either! Oh, if God fill your hearts with such a spirit as Moses had, and as Paul had,—which was not a spirit for believers only, but for the whole people! Moses, he could die for them; wish himself blotted out of God's Book: Paul could wish himself accursed for his countrymen after the flesh So full of affection were their spirits unto all.'

References.—IX. 3.—A. M. Fairbairn, Christian World Pulpit, vol. li. p. 273. W. Robertson Nicoll, Ten Minute Sermons, p. 289. IX. 4.—Expositor (6th Series), vol. viii. p. 37. IX. 6-9.—Ibid. (4th Series), vol. ix. p. 418. IX. 11, 12.—J. Wright, The Guarded Gate, p. 55.

Romans 9:13

'That meeting between the brothers,' says Dinah Morris in Adam, Bede, 'where Esau is so loving and generous, and Jacob so timid and distrustful, notwithstanding his sense of the Divine favour, has always touched me greatly. Truly, I have been tempted sometimes to say that Jacob was of a mean spirit. But that is our trial—we must learn to see the good in the midst of much that is unlovely.'

References.—IX. 13.—M. Biggs, Practical Sermons on Old Testament Subjects, p. 63. Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. v. No. 239. W. Robertson Nicoll, Ten Minute Sermons, p. 289. Expositor (6th Series), vol. xii. p. 158.

Romans 9:15

James Guthrie, minister of Stirling, who was hung at the Cross of Edinburgh in 1661, had this epistle read to him before his death by his man-servant, and when the reader came to this verse, he cried out in tears: 'James, James, halt there, for I have nothing but that to lippen to!'

Romans 9:16

See this verse discussed in Bunyan's Grace Abounding, secs. 58-60.

References.—IX. 16.—G. Jackson, Christian World Pulpit, vol. lvi. p. 113. Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. viii. No. 442. IX. 17.—Expositor (4th Series), vol. iii. p. 120. IX. 19.—Ibid. (7th Series), vol. v. p. 551. IX. 21.—Ibid. vol. ii. p. 39. IX. 22.—Ibid. vol. i. p. 23. IX. 23, 24.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. vi. No. 327. IX. 25.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxxix. No. 2295. IX. 25, 26.—Expositor (6th Series), vol. v. p. 87. IX. 28.—Ibid. (4th Series), vol. iii. p. 121. IX. 30-33.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxxiii. No. 1961. IX. 33.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. x. No. 571. X. 1.—H. Arnold Thomas, Christian World Pulpit, vol. xlvii. p. 331. X. 1-3.—E. A. Stuart, His Dear Son and other Sermons, p. 121. Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxxii. No. 1899. X. 3.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxxvii. No. 2214. Expositor (4th Series), vol. iv. p. 186. X. 4.—Bishop Creighton, Christian World Pulpit, vol. xlvi. p. 401. Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxii. No. 1325. Expositor (5th Series), vol. v. p. 30; ibid. (6th Series), vol. iv. p. 92; ibid. vol. vii. p. 241; ibid. vol. viii. p. 135. X. 5-9.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxix. No. 1700.

That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son.
And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;
(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.
As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:
For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
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