And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgives sins also?
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Who is this that forgiveth sins also?—Better, Who is this that even forgiveth sins? The thought that underlay the question, though apparently the questioners were different, was the same as that which had found utterance when like words were spoken in the synagogue at Capernaum. (See Luke 5:21; Mark 2:6; and Notes on Matthew 9:3.)Luke 7:49-50. And they that sat at meat began to say — Not indeed openly, but within themselves, Who is this, &c. — “They were exceedingly offended at the power which he claimed. But Jesus, contemning all their malicious murmurings, repeated his assurance by telling the woman that her faith had saved her from the punishment of her sins, and bidding her depart in peace, that is, impressed with a strong sense of the love of God, and filled with the satisfaction which naturally arises from that attainment.” — Macknight. Upon the whole of this story, let us learn from the candour with which Christ accepted this invitation, and the gentleness and prudence with which he behaved at this insnaring entertainment, to mingle the wisdom of the serpent with the innocence and sweetness of the dove; and neither absolutely to refuse all favours, nor severely to resent all neglects, from those whose friendship might at best be very dubious, and their intimacy by no means safe. Above all, let us be careful to avoid that very ill temper which the Pharisees showed, in upbraiding this poor, humble penitent with the scandals of her former life. Where we have reason to believe that sin has been lamented and forsaken, and consequently that God has forgiven it, let us cheerfully receive those whom our holy Master has not rejected; and if the remembrance of former irregularities cannot be entirely lost, let it only engage us to magnify the riches of divine grace toward such persons, and to rejoice with them in the display of it. See Doddridge.
began to say within themselves; that is, either thought and reasoned in their own minds, or whispered among themselves:
who is this that forgiveth sins also? who not content to transgress the traditions of the elders, by admitting a sinful woman to touch him, but assumes that to himself which is peculiar to God, to forgive sin: this they said, not as wondering at him, what manner of person he must be, that with such authority pronounced the forgiveness of sin, as Grotius thinks; but rather as offended with him, and filled with indignation against him, and so censuring and reproaching him for wickedness and blasphemy.And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 7:49. Ἤρξαντο] The beginning, the rising up of this thought, is noteworthy in Luke’s estimation.
τίς οὗτός ἐστιν κ.τ.λ.] a question of displeasure.
καί: even.Luke 7:49. τίς οὗτος: again the stupid cavil about usurpation of the power to pardon (Luke 5:21).49. began to say within themselves] His words caused a shock of surprised silence which did not as yet dare to vent itself in open murmurs.Luke 7:49. Τίς οὗτός ἐστιν, who is this?) Answer: It is the Son of man.—καὶ) even. It is a greater exercise of power to forgive sins, as far as the reality is concerned, than to heal miraculously a sick man.
Luke notes the first uprising of the thought.
Within themselves (ἐν ἑαυτοῖς)
Better, among themselves, as Rev., in margin.
Much better as Rev., "who even forgiveth sins."
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