Scofield Reference Notes
And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
See Scofield Note: "Mt 4:21"
And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
 was transfigured
The transfiguration scene contains, in miniature, all the elements of the future kingdom in manifestation:
(1) the Lord, not in humiliation, but in glory (v. 2).
(2) Moses, glorified, representative of the redeemed who have passed through death into the kingdom. Mt 13:43 Lk 9:30,31.
(3) Elijah, glorified, representative of the redeemed who have entered the kingdom by translation. 1Cor 15:50-53 1Th 4:14-17.
(4) Peter, James, and John, not glorified, representatives (for the moment) of Israel in the flesh in the future kingdom Ezek 37:21-27.
(5) The multitude at the foot of the mountain Mt 17:2, representative of the nations who are to be brought into the kingdom after it is established over Israel Isa 11:10-12, etc.
And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.
And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid.
And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only.
And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
Margin Son of man
Also Mt 17:12,22, See Scofield Note: "Mt 8:20".
And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then say the scribes that Elias must first come?
 Why then say the scribes that Elias must first come
Cf Mt 11:14 Mk 9:11,12,13 Lk 1:17 Mal 3:1 4:5,6 All the passages must be construed together.
(1) Christ confirms the specific and still unfulfilled prophecy of Mal 4:5,6: "Elias shall truly first come and restore all things." Here, as in Malachi, the prediction fulfilled in John the Baptist, and that yet to be fulfilled in Elijah, are kept distinct.
(2) But John the Baptist had come already, and with a ministry so completely in the spirit and power of Elijah's future ministry Lk 1:17 that in an adumbrative and typical sense it could be said: "Elias is come already." Cf Mt 10:40 Phile 1:12,17 where the same thought of identification, while yet preserving personal distinction, occurs. Jn 1:27
And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and restore all things.
But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.
Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.
And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying,
Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water.
And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him.
Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me.
And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.
demon. See Scofield Note: "Mt 7:22"
Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out?
And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.
Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
The two best MSS. omit verse 21.
And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.
And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers?
Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children free.
Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.