ContextHannahs Song of Thanksgiving
1Then Hannah prayed and said,
2There is no one holy like the LORD,
3Boast no more so very proudly,
4The bows of the mighty are shattered,
5Those who were full hire themselves out for bread,
6The LORD kills and makes alive;
7The LORD makes poor and rich;
8He raises the poor from the dust,
9He keeps the feet of His godly ones,
10Those who contend with the LORD will be shattered;
11Then Elkanah went to his home at Ramah. But the boy ministered to the LORD before Eli the priest.
The Sin of Elis Sons
12Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the LORD 13and the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priests servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand. 14Then he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. Thus they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there. 15Also, before they burned the fat, the priests servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, Give the priest meat for roasting, as he will not take boiled meat from you, only raw. 16If the man said to him, They must surely burn the fat first, and then take as much as you desire, then he would say, No, but you shall give it to me now; and if not, I will take it by force. 17Thus the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD, for the men despised the offering of the LORD.
Samuel before the LORD as a Boy
18Now Samuel was ministering before the LORD, as a boy wearing a linen ephod. 19And his mother would make him a little robe and bring it to him from year to year when she would come up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20Then Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife and say, May the LORD give you children from this woman in place of the one she dedicated to the LORD. And they went to their own home.
21The LORD visited Hannah; and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew before the LORD.
Eli Rebukes His Sons
22Now Eli was very old; and he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 23He said to them, Why do you do such things, the evil things that I hear from all these people? 24No, my sons; for the report is not good which I hear the LORDS people circulating. 25If one man sins against another, God will mediate for him; but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him? But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for the LORD desired to put them to death.
26Now the boy Samuel was growing in stature and in favor both with the LORD and with men.
27Then a man of God came to Eli and said to him, Thus says the LORD, Did I not indeed reveal Myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt in bondage to Pharaohs house? 28Did I not choose them from all the tribes of Israel to be My priests, to go up to My altar, to burn incense, to carry an ephod before Me; and did I not give to the house of your father all the fire offerings of the sons of Israel? 29Why do you kick at My sacrifice and at My offering which I have commanded in My dwelling, and honor your sons above Me, by making yourselves fat with the choicest of every offering of My people Israel? 30Therefore the LORD God of Israel declares, I did indeed say that your house and the house of your father should walk before Me forever; but now the LORD declares, Far be it from Mefor those who honor Me I will honor, and those who despise Me will be lightly esteemed. 31Behold, the days are coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your fathers house so that there will not be an old man in your house. 32You will see the distress of My dwelling, in spite of all the good that I do for Israel; and an old man will not be in your house forever. 33Yet I will not cut off every man of yours from My altar so that your eyes will fail from weeping and your soul grieve, and all the increase of your house will die in the prime of life. 34This will be the sign to you which will come concerning your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas: on the same day both of them will die. 35But I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul; and I will build him an enduring house, and he will walk before My anointed always. 36Everyone who is left in your house will come and bow down to him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread and say, Please assign me to one of the priests offices so that I may eat a piece of bread.
Parallel VersesAmerican Standard Version
And Hannah prayed, and said: My heart exulteth in Jehovah; My horn is exalted in Jehovah; My mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; Because I rejoice in thy salvation.
My heart hath rejoiced in the Lord, and my horn is exalted in my God: my mouth is enlarged over my enemies: because I have joyed in thy salvation.
Darby Bible Translation
And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart exulteth in Jehovah, my horn is lifted up in Jehovah; my mouth is opened wide over mine enemies; for I rejoice in thy salvation.
English Revised Version
And Hannah prayed, and said: My heart exulteth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
Webster's Bible Translation
And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, my horn is exalted in the LORD; my mouth is enlarged over my enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
World English Bible
Hannah prayed, and said: "My heart exults in Yahweh! My horn is exalted in Yahweh. My mouth is enlarged over my enemies, because I rejoice in your salvation.
Young's Literal Translation
And Hannah prayeth, and saith: 'My heart hath exulted in Jehovah, My horn hath been high in Jehovah, My mouth hath been large over mine enemies, For I have rejoiced in Thy salvation.
LibraryThe Child Prophet
'And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli. And the word of the Lord was precious in those days; there was no open vision. 2. And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; 8. And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep; 4. That the Lord called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I. 5. And he ran onto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Reverence in Worship.
The Knowledge of God
Though the Fore-Mentioned Eternal Moral Obligations
Letter xxix. To Marcella.
In the Court of Babylon
A Private Enquiry
Appendix xix. On Eternal Punishment, According to the Rabbis and the New Testament
Covenanting a Privilege of Believers.
Sixth Day. Holiness and Glory.
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