2 Samuel 10:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The rest of his men he put in the charge of Abishai his brother, and he arrayed them against the Ammonites.

King James Bible
And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

American Standard Version
And the rest of the people he committed into the hand of Abishai his brother; and he put them in array against the children of Ammon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the rest of the people he delivered to Abisai his brother, who set them in array against the children of Ammon.

English Revised Version
And the rest of the people he committed into the hand of Abishai his brother, and he put them in array against the children of Ammon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

2 Samuel 10:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

He had the half of their beard shaved off, and their clothes cut off up to the seat, and in this state he sent them away. "The half of the beard," i.e., the beard on one side. With the value universally set upon the beard by the Hebrews and other oriental nations, as being a man's greatest ornament,

(Note: "Cutting off a persons' beard is regarded by the Arabs as an indignity quite equal to flogging and branding among ourselves. Many would rather die than have their beard shaved off" (Arvieux, Sitten der Beduinen-araber). Niebuhr relates a similar occurrence as having taken place in modern times. In the years 1764, a pretender to the Persian throne, named Kerim Khan, sent ambassadors to Mir Mahenna, the prince of Bendervigk, on the Persian Gulf, to demand tribute from him; but he in return cut off the ambassadors' beards. Kerim Khan was so enraged at this, that he went the next year with a large army to make war upon this prince, and took the city, and almost the whole of his territory, to avenge the insult.)

the cutting off of one-half of it was the greatest insult that could have been offered to the ambassadors, and through them to David their king. The insult was still further increased by cutting off the long dress which covered the body; so that as the ancient Israelites wore no trousers, the lower half of the body was quite exposed. מדויהם .deso, from מדוּ or מדוה, the long robe reaching down to the feet, from the root מדה equals מדד, to stretch, spread out, or measure.

2 Samuel 10:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Samuel 10:9 Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed them against the Arameans.

2 Samuel 10:11 He said, "If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the sons of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come to help you.

Cross References
2 Samuel 10:9
When Joab saw that the battle was set against him both in front and in the rear, he chose some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Syrians.

2 Samuel 10:11
And he said, "If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will come and help you.

2 Samuel 23:18
Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and killed them and won a name beside the three.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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