Deuteronomy 31:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For when I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey, which I swore to give to their fathers, and they have eaten and are full and grown fat, they will turn to other gods and serve them, and despise me and break my covenant.

King James Bible
For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant.

American Standard Version
For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, flowing with milk and honey, and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxed fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and despise me, and break my covenant.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I will bring them into the land, for which I swore to their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey. And when they have eaten, and are full and fat, they will turn away after strange gods, and will serve them: and will despise me, and make void my covenant.

English Revised Version
For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, flowing with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and despise me, and break my covenant.

Webster's Bible Translation
For when I shall have brought them into the land which I swore to their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxed fat; then will they turn to other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant.

Deuteronomy 31:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After handing over the office to Joshua, and the law to the priests and elders, Moses was called by the Lord to come to the tabernacle with Joshua, to command him (צוּה), i.e., to appoint him, confirm him in his office. To this end the Lord appeared in the tabernacle (Deuteronomy 31:15), in a pillar of cloud, which remained standing before it, as in Numbers 12:5 (see the exposition of Numbers 11:25). But before appointing Joshua, He announced to Moses that after his death the nation would go a whoring after other gods, and would break the covenant, for which it would be visited with severe afflictions, and directed him to write an ode and teach it to the children of Israel, that when the apostasy should take place, and punishment from God be felt in consequence, it might speak as a witness against the people, as it would not vanish from their memory. The Lord communicated this commission to Moses in the presence of Joshua, that he also might hear from the mouth of God that the Lord foreknew the future apostasy of the people, and yet nevertheless would bring them into the promised land. In this there was also implied an admonition to Joshua, not only to take care that the Israelites learned the ode and kept it in their memories, but also to strive with all his might to prevent the apostasy, so long as he was leader of Israel; which Joshua did most faithfully to the very end of his life (vid., Joshua 23 and 24). - The announcement of the falling away of the Israelites from the Lord into idolatry, and the burning of the wrath of God in consequence (Deuteronomy 31:16-18), serves as a basis for the command in Deuteronomy 31:19. In this announcement the different points are simply linked together with "and," whereas in their actual signification they are subordinate to one another: When thou shalt lie with thy fathers, and the people shall rise up, and go a whoring after other gods: My anger will burn against them, etc. קוּם, to rise up, to prepare, serves to bring out distinctly the course which the thing would take. The expression, "foreign gods of the land," indicates that in the land which Jehovah gave His people, He (Jehovah) alone was God and Lord, and that He alone was to be worshipped there. בּקרבּו is in apposition to שׁמּה, "whither thou comest, in the midst of it." The punishment announced in Deuteronomy 31:17 corresponds most closely to the sin of the nation. For going a whoring after strange gods, the anger of the Lord would burn against them; for forsaking Him, He would forsake them; and for breaking His covenant, He would hide His face from them, i.e., withdraw His favour from them, so that they would be destroyed. לאכל היה, it (the nation) will be for devouring, i.e., will be devoured or destroyed (see Ewald, 237, c.; and on אכל in this sense, see Deuteronomy 7:16, and Numbers 14:9). "And many evils and troubles will befall it; and it will say in that day, Do not these evils befall me, because my God is not in the midst of me?" When the evils and troubles broke in upon the nation, the people would inquire the cause, and would find it in the fact that they were forsaken by their God; but the Lord ("but I" in Deuteronomy 31:18 forms the antithesis to "they" in Deuteronomy 31:17) would still hide His face, namely, because simply missing God is not true repentance.

Deuteronomy 31:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD your God shall have brought you into the land which he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac...

Deuteronomy 7:1 When the LORD your God shall bring you into the land where you go to possess it, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites...

Deuteronomy 8:7 For the LORD your God brings you into a good land, a land of brooks of water...

floweth

Exodus 3:8,17 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good land and a large...

eaten

Deuteronomy 8:10-14 When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which he has given you...

Nehemiah 9:25,26 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells dig, vineyards, and olive groves...

waxen fat

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Nehemiah 9:25,26,35 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells dig, vineyards, and olive groves...

Psalm 17:10 They are enclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.

Psalm 73:7 Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.

Psalm 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease; but I delight in your law.

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless...

Jeremiah 50:11 Because you were glad, because you rejoiced, O you destroyers of my heritage, because you are grown fat as the heifer at grass...

Ezekiel 34:16,20 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken...

Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.

then

Deuteronomy 31:16,17 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 6:10
"And when the LORD your God brings you into the land that he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you--with great and good cities that you did not build,

Deuteronomy 8:10
And you shall eat and be full, and you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land he has given you.

Deuteronomy 8:19
And if you forget the LORD your God and go after other gods and serve them and worship them, I solemnly warn you today that you shall surely perish.

Deuteronomy 11:16
Take care lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them;

Deuteronomy 11:17
then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you, and he will shut up the heavens, so that there will be no rain, and the land will yield no fruit, and you will perish quickly off the good land that the LORD is giving you.

Deuteronomy 32:15
"But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked; you grew fat, stout, and sleek; then he forsook God who made him and scoffed at the Rock of his salvation.

Proverbs 30:9
lest I be full and deny you and say, "Who is the LORD?" or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.

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