Exodus 14:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will pursue them, and I will get glory over Pharaoh and all his host, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD.” And they did so.

King James Bible
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

American Standard Version
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host: and the Egyptians shall know that I am Jehovah. And they did so.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I shall harden his heart, and he will pursue you: and I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in all his army: and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

English Revised Version
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow them; and I will be honored upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

Exodus 14:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

From Succoth they went to Etham. With regard to the situation of Succoth (from סכּת huts, probably a shepherd encampment), only so much can be determined, that this place was to the south-east of Ramses, on the way to Etham. Etham was "at the end of the desert," which is called the desert of Etham in Numbers 33:8, and the desert of Shur (Jifar, see Genesis 16:7) in Exodus 15:22; so that it was where Egypt ends and the desert of Arabia begins, in a line which curves from the northern extremity of the Gulf of Arabia up to the Birket Temseh, or Crocodile Lake, and then on to Lake Menzalet. According to the more precise statements of travellers, this line is formed from the point of the gulf northwards, by a broad sandy tract of land to the east of Ajrud, which never rises more than about three feet above the water-mark (Robinson, Pal. i. p. 80). It takes in the banks of the old canal, which commence about an hour and a half to the north of Suez, and run northwards for a distance which Seetzen accomplished in 4 hours upon camels (Rob. Pal. i. p. 548; Seetzen, R. iii. p. 151, 152). Then follow the so-called Bitter Lakes, a dry, sometimes swampy basin, or deep white salt plain, the surface of which, according to the measurements of French engineers, is 40 or 50 feet lower than the ordinary water-mark at Suez. On the north this basin is divided from the Birket Temseh by a still higher tract of land, the so-called Isthmus of Arbek. Hence "Etham at the end of the desert" is to be sought for either on the Isthmus of Arbek, in the neighbourhood of the later Serapeum, or at the southern end of the Bitter Lakes. The distance is a conclusive argument against the former, and in favour of the latter; for although Seetzen travelled from Suez to Arbek in 8 hours, yet according to the accounts of the French savan, de Bois Aym, who passed through this basin several times, from the northern extremity of the Bitter Lakes to Suez is 60,000 mtres (16 hours' journey), - a distance so great, that the children of Israel could not possibly have gone from Etham to Hachiroth in a day's march. Hence we must look for Etham at the southern extremity of the basin of the Bitter Lake,

(Note: There is no force in the objection to this situation, that according to different geognostic indications, the Gulf of Suez formerly stretched much farther north, and covered the basin of the Bitter Lake; for there is no evidence that it reached as far as this in the time of Moses; and the statements of early writers as to the position of Heroopolis in the inner corner of the Arabian Gulf, and not far to the north of Klysma, furnish no clear evidence of this, as Knobel has already observed.)

which Israel might reach in two days from Abu Keishib, and then on the third day arrive at the plain of Suez, between Ajrud and the sea. Succoth, therefore, must be sought on the western border of the Bitter Lake.

Exodus 14:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

harden

Exodus 14:8,17 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel...

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh...

Exodus 7:3,13,14 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt...

Romans 11:8 (According as it is written, God has given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see...

I will be

Exodus 14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honor on Pharaoh, on his chariots, and on his horsemen.

Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to show in you my power...

Exodus 15:10,11,14-16 You did blow with your wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters...

Exodus 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

Nehemiah 9:10 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land...

Isaiah 2:11,12 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down...

Ezekiel 20:9 But I worked for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, among whom they were...

Ezekiel 28:22 And say, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against you, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the middle of you...

Ezekiel 39:13 Yes, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, said the Lord GOD.

Daniel 4:30-37 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power...

Romans 9:17,22,23 For the scripture said to Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised you up, that I might show my power in you...

Revelation 19:1-6 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power...

that the Egyptians

Exodus 7:5,17 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth my hand on Egypt...

Cross References
Romans 9:18
So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills.

Exodus 4:21
And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the miracles that I have put in your power. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:3
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

Exodus 7:5
The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring out the people of Israel from among them."

Exodus 10:27
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.

Exodus 14:3
For Pharaoh will say of the people of Israel, 'They are wandering in the land; the wilderness has shut them in.'

Exodus 14:5
When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the mind of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, "What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?"

Jump to Previous
Armies Army Chase Egyptians Follow Force Gain Glory Hard Harden Heart Honor Honored Honour Honoured Host Israelites Pharaoh Pharaoh's Pursue Pursued Strengthened
Jump to Next
Armies Army Chase Egyptians Follow Force Gain Glory Hard Harden Heart Honor Honored Honour Honoured Host Israelites Pharaoh Pharaoh's Pursue Pursued Strengthened
Links
Exodus 14:4 NIV
Exodus 14:4 NLT
Exodus 14:4 ESV
Exodus 14:4 NASB
Exodus 14:4 KJV

Exodus 14:4 Bible Apps
Exodus 14:4 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 14:4 Chinese Bible
Exodus 14:4 French Bible
Exodus 14:4 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Exodus 14:3
Top of Page
Top of Page