Jeremiah 16:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They shall die of deadly diseases. They shall not be lamented, nor shall they be buried. They shall be as dung on the surface of the ground. They shall perish by the sword and by famine, and their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth.

King James Bible
They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried; but they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their carcases shall be meat for the fowls of heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.

American Standard Version
They shall die grievous deaths: they shall not be lamented, neither shall they be buried; they shall be as dung upon the face of the ground; and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the heavens, and for the beasts of the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They shall die by the death of grievous illnesses: they shall not be lamented, and they shall not be buried, they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed with the sword, and with famine: and their carcasses shall be meat for the fowls of the air, and for the beasts of the earth.

English Revised Version
They shall die of grievous deaths; they shalt not be lamented, neither shall they be buried; they shall be as dung upon the face of the ground: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their carcases shall be meat for the fowls of heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
They shall die by grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried; but they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their carcasses shall be food for the fowls of heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.

Jeremiah 16:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

By reprimanding his impatience, and by again assuring him of His protection and of rescue from the power of his oppressors. - Jeremiah 15:19. "Therefore thus saith Jahveh: If thou return, then will I bring thee again to serve me; and if thou separate the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as my mouth. They will return to thee, but thou shalt not return unto them. Jeremiah 15:20. And I make thee unto this people a strong wall of brass, so that they fight against thee, but prevail not against thee; for I am with thee, to help thee and to save thee, saith Jahveh. Jeremiah 15:21. And I save thee out of the hand of the wicked, and deliver thee out of the clutch of the violent."

In the words: if thou return, lies the reproach that in his complaint, in which his indignation had hurried him on to doubt God's faithfulness, Jeremiah had sinned and must repent. אשׁיבך is by many commentators taken adverbially and joined with the following words: then will I again cause thee to stand before me. But this adverbial use has been proved only for the Kal of שׁוּב, not for the Hiphil, which must here be taken by itself: then will I bring thee again, sc. into proper relations with me - namely, to stand before me, i.e., to be my servant. עמד , of the standing of the servant before his lord, to receive his commands, and so also of prophets, cf. 1 Kings 17:1; 1 Kings 18:15; 2 Kings 3:14, etc. In the words: if thou make to go forth, i.e., separate the precious from the vile, we have the figure of metal-refining, in course of which the pure metal is by fusion parted from the earthy and other ingredients mixed with it. The meaning of the figure is, however, variously understood. Some think here, unfittingly, of good and bad men; so Chald. and Rashi: if thou cause the good to come forth of the bad, turn the good into bad; or, if out of the evil mass thou cause to come forth at least a few as good, i.e., if thou convert them (Chr. B. Mich., Ros., etc.). For we cannot here have to do with the issue of his labours, as Graf well remarks, since this did not lie in his own power. Just as little is the case one of contrast between God's word and man's word, the view adopted by Ven., Eichh., Dahl., Hitz., Ew. The idea that Jeremiah presented man's word for God's word, or God's word mixed with spurious, human additions, is utterly foreign to the context; nay, rather it was just because he declared only what God imposed on him that he was so hard bested. Further, that idea is wholly inconsistent with the nature of true prophecy. Maurer has hit upon the truth: si quae pretiosa in te sunt, admixtis liberaveris sordibus, si virtutes quas habes maculis liberaveris impatientiae et iracundiae; with whom Graf agrees. כּפי (with the so-called כ verit.), as my mouth shalt thou be, i.e., as the instrument by which I speak, cf. Exodus 4:16. Then shall his labours be crowned with success. They (the adversaries) will turn themselves to thee, in the manner shown in Jeremiah 15:11, but thou shalt not turn thyself to them, i.e., not yield to their wishes or permit thyself to be moved by them from the right way. Jeremiah 15:20. After this reprimand, the Lord renews to him the promise of His most active support, such as He had promised him at his call, Jeremiah 1:18.; "to save thee" being amplified in Jeremiah 15:21.

Jeremiah 16:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

die.

Jeremiah 14:16 And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword...

Jeremiah 15:2,3 And it shall come to pass, if they say to you, Where shall we go forth? then you shall tell them, Thus said the LORD...

Psalm 78:64 Their priests fell by the sword; and their widows made no lamentation.

not.

Jeremiah 16:5-7 For thus said the LORD, Enter not into the house of mourning, neither go to lament nor bemoan them...

Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus said the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying...

Jeremiah 25:33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented...

Amos 6:9,10 And it shall come to pass, if there remain ten men in one house, that they shall die...

neither.

Jeremiah 7:33 And the carcasses of this people shall be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth...

Jeremiah 22:19 He shall be buried with the burial of an donkey, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.

Jeremiah 36:30 Therefore thus said the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit on the throne of David...

Psalm 79:2,3 The dead bodies of your servants have they given to be meat to the fowls of the heaven...

as dung.

Jeremiah 8:1-3 At that time, said the LORD, they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes...

Jeremiah 9:22 Speak, Thus said the LORD, Even the carcasses of men shall fall as dung on the open field, and as the handful after the harvestman...

Jeremiah 25:33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented...

1 Kings 14:10,11 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that urinates against the wall...

1 Kings 21:23,24 And of Jezebel also spoke the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel...

2 Kings 9:10,36,37 And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her. And he opened the door, and fled...

Psalm 83:10 Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.

Isaiah 5:25 Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he has stretched forth his hand against them, and has smitten them...

Zephaniah 1:17 And I will bring distress on men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD...

consumed.

Jeremiah 14:15 Therefore thus said the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say...

Jeremiah 34:17 Therefore thus said the LORD; You have not listened to me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother...

Jeremiah 44:12,27 And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there...

Ezekiel 5:12 A third part of you shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the middle of you...

meat.

Jeremiah 34:20 I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life...

Psalm 79:2 The dead bodies of your servants have they given to be meat to the fowls of the heaven...

Isaiah 18:6 They shall be left together to the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth: and the fowls shall summer on them...

Ezekiel 39:17-20 And, you son of man, thus said the Lord GOD; Speak to every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves...

Revelation 19:17,18 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the middle of heaven...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:26
And your dead body shall be food for all birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth, and there shall be no one to frighten them away.

Psalm 79:2
They have given the bodies of your servants to the birds of the heavens for food, the flesh of your faithful to the beasts of the earth.

Psalm 79:3
They have poured out their blood like water all around Jerusalem, and there was no one to bury them.

Psalm 83:10
who were destroyed at En-dor, who became dung for the ground.

Isaiah 5:25
Therefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses were as refuse in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.

Isaiah 18:6
They shall all of them be left to the birds of prey of the mountains and to the beasts of the earth. And the birds of prey will summer on them, and all the beasts of the earth will winter on them.

Jeremiah 9:22
Speak: "Thus declares the LORD, 'The dead bodies of men shall fall like dung upon the open field, like sheaves after the reaper, and none shall gather them.'"

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