Job 11:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But the eyes of the wicked will fail; all way of escape will be lost to them, and their hope is to breathe their last.”

King James Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

American Standard Version
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, And they shall have no way to flee; And their hope shall be the giving up of the ghost.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall decay, and the way to escape shall fail them, and their hope the abomination of the soul.

English Revised Version
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall have no way to flee, and their hope shall be the giving up of the ghost.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the expiration of the breath.

Job 11:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 But if thou wilt direct thy heart,

And spread out thy hands to Him -

14 If there is evil in thy hand, put it far away,

And let not wickedness dwell in thy tents -

15 Then indeed canst thou lift up thy face without spot,

And shalt be firm without fearing.

The phrase הכין לב signifies neither to raise the heart (Ewald), nor to establish it (Hirz.), but to direct it, i.e., give it the right direction (Psalm 78:8) towards God, 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Chronicles 20:33; it has an independent meaning, so that there is no need to supply אל־אל, nor take וּפרשׂתּ to be for לפרושׂ (after the construction in 2 Chronicles 30:19). To spread out the hands in prayer is כּפּים (פּרשׂ) פּרשׂ; ידים is seldom used instead of the more artistic כפים, palmas, h.e. manus supinas. The conditional antecedent clause is immediately followed, Job 11:14, by a similarly conditional parenthetical clause, which inserts the indispensable condition of acceptable prayer; the conclusion might begin with הרהיקהוּ: when thou sendest forth thy heart and spreadest out thy hands to Him, if there is wickedness in thy hand, put it far away; but the antecedent requires a promise for its conclusion, and the more so since the praet. and fut. which follow אם, Job 11:13, have the force of futt. exact.: si disposueris et extenderis, to which the conclusion: put it far away, is not suited, which rather expresses a preliminary condition of acceptable prayer. The conclusion then begins with כּי־אז, then indeed, like Job 8:6; Job 13:19, comp. Job 6:3, with עתּה כּי, now indeed; the causal signification of כי has in both instances passed into the confirmatory (comp. 1 Samuel 14:44; Psalm 118:10-12; Psalm 128:2, and on Genesis 26:22): then verily wilt thou be able to raise thy countenance (without being forced to make any more bitter complaints, as Job 10:15.), without spot, i.e., not: without bodily infirmity, but: without spot of punishable guilt, sceleris et paenae (Rosenmller). מן here signifies without (Targ. דּלא), properly: far from, as Job 21:9; 2 Samuel 1:22; Proverbs 20:3. Faultless will he then be able to look up and be firm (מצּק from יצק, according to Ges. 71), quasi ex aere fusus (1 Kings 7:16), one whom God can no longer get the better of.

Job 11:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the eyes

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this to you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes...

Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest...

Psalm 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: my eyes fail while I wait for my God.

Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save us.

they shall not escape. Heb. flight shall perish from them

Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not strengthen his force...

Amos 5:19,20 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him...

Amos 9:1-3 I saw the LORD standing on the altar: and he said, Smite the lintel of the door, that the posts may shake: and cut them in the head...

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord...

their hope

Job 8:13,14 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish...

Job 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

Job 27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul?

Proverbs 10:24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come on him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Luke 16:23-26 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom...

the giving up of the ghost. or, a puff of breath

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:65
And among these nations you shall find no respite, and there shall be no resting place for the sole of your foot, but the LORD will give you there a trembling heart and failing eyes and a languishing soul.

Job 6:9
that it would please God to crush me, that he would let loose his hand and cut me off!

Job 8:13
Such are the paths of all who forget God; the hope of the godless shall perish.

Job 12:1
Then Job answered and said:

Job 17:5
He who informs against his friends to get a share of their property-- the eyes of his children will fail.

Job 27:8
For what is the hope of the godless when God cuts him off, when God takes away his life?

Job 27:22
It hurls at him without pity; he flees from its power in headlong flight.

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