Job 11:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the eyes of the wicked will fail, and escape will elude them; their hope will become a dying gasp."

King James Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

Darby Bible Translation
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and [all] refuge shall vanish from them, and their hope [shall be] the breathing out of life.

World English Bible
But the eyes of the wicked shall fail. They shall have no way to flee. Their hope shall be the giving up of the spirit."

Young's Literal Translation
And the eyes of the wicked are consumed, And refuge hath perished from them, And their hope is a breathing out of soul!

Job 11:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The eyes of the wicked shall fail - They shall be continually looking out for help and deliverance; but their expectation shall be cut off.

And they shall not escape - They shall receive the punishment due to their deserts; for God has his eye continually upon them. מנהם ומנוס אבד umanos abad minnehem, literally, "And escape perishes from them." Flight from impending destruction is impossible.

And their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost - ותקותם מפח נפש vethikratham mappach naphesh, "And their hope an exhalation of breath," or a mere wish of the mind. They retain their hope to the last; and the last breath they breathe is the final and eternal termination of their hope. They give up their hope and their ghost together; for a vain hope cannot enter into that place where shadow and representation exist not; all being substance and reality. And thus endeth Zophar the Naamathite; whose premises were in general good, his conclusions legitimate, but his application of them to Job's case totally erroneous; because he still proceeded on the ground that Job was a wicked man, if not ostensibly, yet secretly; and that the sufferings he was undergoing were the means by which God was unmasking him to the view of men. But, allowing that Job had been a bad man, the exhortations of Zophar were well calculated to enforce repentance and excite confidence in the Divine mercy. Zophar seems to have had a full conviction of the all-governing providence of God; and that those who served him with an honest and upright heart would be ever distinguished in the distribution of temporal good. He seems however to think that rewards and punishments were distributed in this life, and does not refer, at least very evidently, to a future state. Probably his information on subjects of divinity did not extend much beyond the grave; and we have much cause to thank God for a clearer dispensation. Deus nobis haec otia fecit. God grant that we may make a good use of it!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the eyes

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this to you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes...

Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest...

Psalm 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: my eyes fail while I wait for my God.

Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save us.

they shall not escape. Heb. flight shall perish from them

Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not strengthen his force...

Amos 5:19,20 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him...

Amos 9:1-3 I saw the LORD standing on the altar: and he said, Smite the lintel of the door, that the posts may shake: and cut them in the head...

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord...

their hope

Job 8:13,14 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish...

Job 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

Job 27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul?

Proverbs 10:24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come on him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.

Proverbs 20:20 Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Luke 16:23-26 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom...

the giving up of the ghost. or, a puff of breath

Library
The Eternity and Unchangeableness of God.
Exod. iii. 14.--"I AM THAT I AM."--Psal. xc. 2.--"Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting thou art God."--Job xi. 7-9.--"Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know? The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea." This is the chief point of saving knowledge,
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Whether God is a Body
Whether God is a Body We proceed to the first article thus: 1. It seems that God is a body. For what has three dimensions is a body, and sacred Scripture attributes three dimensions to God, as in Job 11:8-9: "It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know? The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea." God is therefore a body. 2. Again, everything that has figure is a body, since figure is a mode of quantity. Now it seems that God has
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

Whether There Should have Been Man Ceremonial Precepts?
Objection 1: It would seem that there should not have been many ceremonial precepts. For those things which conduce to an end should be proportionate to that end. But the ceremonial precepts, as stated above ([2105]AA[1],2), are ordained to the worship of God, and to the foreshadowing of Christ. Now "there is but one God, of Whom are all things . . . and one Lord Jesus Christ, by Whom are all things" (1 Cor. 8:6). Therefore there should not have been many ceremonial precepts. Objection 2: Further,
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

"And we all do Fade as a Leaf, and Our Iniquities, Like the Wind, have Taken us Away. "
Isaiah lxiv. 6.--"And we all do fade as a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away." Here they join the punishment with the deserving cause, their uncleanness and their iniquities, and so take it upon them, and subscribe to the righteousness of God's dealing. We would say this much in general--First, Nobody needeth to quarrel God for his dealing. He will always be justified when he is judged. If the Lord deal more sharply with you than with others, you may judge there is a difference
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:65
Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place for the sole of your foot. There the LORD will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart.

Job 6:9
that God would be willing to crush me, to let loose his hand and cut off my life!

Job 8:13
Such is the destiny of all who forget God; so perishes the hope of the godless.

Job 12:1
Then Job replied:

Job 17:5
If anyone denounces their friends for reward, the eyes of their children will fail.

Job 27:8
For what hope have the godless when they are cut off, when God takes away their life?

Job 27:22
It hurls itself against him without mercy as he flees headlong from its power.

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