Job 19:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His troops come on together; they have cast up their siege ramp against me and encamp around my tent.

King James Bible
His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.

American Standard Version
His troops come on together, And cast up their way against me, And encamp round about my tent.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His troops have come together, and have made themselves a way by me, and have besieged my tabernacle round about.

English Revised Version
His troops come on together, and cast up their way against me, and encamp round about my tent.

Webster's Bible Translation
His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp around my tabernacle.

Job 19:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Then began Job, and said:

2 How long will ye vex my soul,

And crush me with your words?

3 These ten times have ye reproached me;

Without being ashamed ye astound me.

4 And if I have really erred,

My error rests with myself.

5 If ye will really magnify yourselves against me,

And prove my reproach to me:

6 Know then that Eloah hath wronged me,

And hath compassed me with His net.

This controversy is torture to Job's spirit; enduring in himself unutterable agony, both bodily and spiritually, and in addition stretched upon the rack by the three friends with their united strength, he begins his answer with a well-justified quousque tandem. תּגיוּן (Norzi: תּוגיוּן) is fut. energicum from הוּגה (יגה), with the retention of the third radical., Ges. 75, rem. 16. And in וּתדכּאוּנני (Norzi: וּתדכּוּנני with quiescent Aleph) the suff. is attached to the n of the fut. energicum, Ges. 60, rem. 3; the connecting vowel is a, and the suff. is ani, without epenthesis, not anni or aneni, Ges. 58, 5. In Job 19:3 Job establishes his How long? Ten times is not to be taken strictly (Saad.), but it is a round number; ten, from being the number of the fingers on the human hand, is the number of human possibility, and from its position at the end of the row of numbers (in the decimal system) is the number of that which is perfected (vid., Genesis, S. 640f.); as not only the Sanskrit daan is traceable to the radical notion "to seize, embrace," but also the Semitic עשר is traceable to the radical notion "to bind, gather together" (cogn. קשׁר). They have already exhausted what is possible in reproaches, they have done their utmost. Renan, in accordance with the Hebr. expression, transl.: Voil (זה, as e.g., Genesis 27:36) la dixime fois que vous m'insultez. The ἅπ. γεγρ. תּהכּרוּ is connected by the Targ. with הכּיר (of respect of persons equals partiality), by the Syr. with כּרא (to pain, of crvecoeur), by Raschi and Parchon with נכּר (to mistake) or התנכּר (to alienate one's self), by Saadia (vid., Ewald's Beitr. S. 99) with עכר (to dim, grieve);

(Note: Reiske interprets according to the Arabic ‛kr, denso et turbido agmine cum impetu ruitis in me.)

he, however, compares the Arab. hkr, stupere (which he erroneously regards as differing only in sound from Arab. qhr, to overpower, oppress); and Abulwalid (vid., Rdiger in Thes. p. 84 suppl.) explains Arab. thkrûn mn-nı̂, ye gaze at me, since at the same time he mentions as possible that הכר may be equals Arab. khr, to treat indignantly, insultingly (which is only a different shade in sound of Arab. hkr,

continued...

Job 19:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

His

Job 16:11 God has delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.

Isaiah 10:5,6 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have said to your soul, Bow down, that we may go over...

raise

Job 30:12 On my right hand rise the youth; they push away my feet, and they raise up against me the ways of their destruction.

Cross References
Job 16:13
his archers surround me. He slashes open my kidneys and does not spare; he pours out my gall on the ground.

Job 30:12
On my right hand the rabble rise; they push away my feet; they cast up against me their ways of destruction.

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